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美国:博物馆借众筹拯救首次登月漫步宇航服

全球闻名的史密森尼学会近日发布了其第一个众筹项目,希望科学迷们能合力保存一件标志性的太空纪念品。

尼尔·阿姆斯特朗的阿波罗宇航服11号在过去几十年已经有了一些磨损,但是在纪念月球漫步50周年之际,史密森尼国家航空航天博物馆想要向大家展示这套宇航服的光辉一面。

学会正在积极募集捐款,不仅希望能保存好这套服装,还希望能通过3D扫描技术在2019年50周年纪上向观众们展示。学会希望能够在Kickstarter上募集50万美元。

博物馆表示现在正在展示的宇航服是复刻品,真正的太空服被存储在严格控制温度和湿度的地方,谨防腐化变质。50周年之后,这套太空服将在未来的 "Destination Moon" 展厅永久展出,展厅预计在2020年开放。

为了完成这项伟大的数字化跳跃,博物馆将这个项目放到了网上进行众筹,因为太空服的保养等费用并不在联邦拨款之内。

众筹项目在周一发布,刚好与登录月球46周年纪念重合。事实证明,这个项目目前前景乐观,因为截止伦敦时间周二下午1:30,项目已经募集到17.3万元。

放弃捐赠,博物馆转向用众筹募集资金?

决定使用众筹对史密森尼博物馆来说是新征程的开始。之前史密森尼所有的钱都来自政府拨款和民间捐赠。

美国国家航空航天博物馆公共事务专家Alison Mitchell接受采访时表示,这个项目将会是众多博物馆众筹项目中的开始。而Alison Mitchell现在已经和Kickstarter在众多项目成为合作伙伴关系。

“给阿姆斯特丹宇航服的众筹也会是一个开端。考虑到这件宇航服在所有藏品中最具有纪念意义,我们认为以其最为开端最为合适。”

“史密森尼经常有类似项目需要私人捐款,而Kickstarter恰恰提供了一个募集捐款的新方式。通过这些项目,公众能够全程参与到其中—从开始募集到最后完成,不管你捐款数额的大小。”

随着史密森尼进入了数字化募捐时代,其他博物馆也有可能纷纷效仿,从而使整个体系更加完整紧密。一份以英格兰地区为主的“2014数字文化”报告显示,艺术类机构在2015年最流行的趋势将会是众筹和在线捐赠。

The world famous Smithsonian Institution has launched its first crowdfunding campaign in the hope that science fans will help preserve an iconic piece of space memorabilia.

Neil Armstrong's Apollo 11 spacesuit has seen some wear and tear over the decades, however, for the moonwalk's 50th anniversary, the Smithsonian's National Air and Space museum wants to display the suit in all its glory.

Hoping to raise $500,000 on Kickstarter, the institution is looking for donations so they can preserve the suit, digitize it with 3D scanning and display it for visitors during the 50th anniversary in 2019.

The museum revealed that suits currently on display are replicas, with the real spacesuit being kept in climate-controlled storage to prevent deterioration. After the 50th anniversary, it will be permanently displayed in their future "Destination Moon" gallery, set to open in 2020.

Taking this giant digital leap, the museum took this project to the web, as the suit is not covered by their federal appropriated funds.

The crowdfunding project launched on Monday, coinciding with the 46th anniversary of the moon landing; and has already been an out of this world success, generating over $173,000 by 1.30 p.m. London time, Tuesday.

Museums to ditch donations, adopt crowdfunding?

The decision to embrace crowdfunding marks a departure for the Smithsonian, which normally relies on federal funds and voluntary donations.

Alison Mitchell, public affairs specialist at National Air and Space Museum, told CNBC that this campaign was the first of many for the museum, who has now entered a multi-project partnership with Kickstarter.

"Funds for Neil Armstrong's spacesuit is the first of many. We thought this artifact, given that it is one of the most iconic in the collection, was a choice to start with."

"The Smithsonian has always needed private funding for projects like this and Kickstarter gives us a new way to do that. Through these campaigns, the public will have a chance to be involved in the entire process – from fundraising to completion – regardless of their level of support."

As the Smithsonian enters this digital donating stage, other museums may be inspired to integrate this system more rigorously. In a England- focused "Digital Culture 2014" report, one of the most popular trends predicted to grow for art institutions in 2015 was crowd-funding and online donations.


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