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Euroclear正式宣布今年推出区块链黄金交易平台

4月12日消息,欧洲清算银行有限公司Euroclear正式宣布已经完成区块链黄金交易平台第二阶段的测试,并表示今年晚些时候全面启动这个项目。

据悉,该区块链黄金交易平台是由Euroclear公司与区块链创业公司Paxos以及16家金融机构组成的一个团体共同开发而成,参与试点的金融机构包括花旗银行,加拿大丰业银行(Scotiabank),法国兴业银行(Société Générale)。

Euroclear公司表示,在这次为期两天的测试期间,总共执行了超过100,000金条的结算交易。

今年1月,Scotiabank、Euroclear产品战略和创新总监宣布完成平台的第一阶段测试,并称“这是为伦敦黄金市场开发新的结算功能的第一个重要步骤,有助于降低风险,简化交易后流程”。

据了解,平台在第一次测试期间,共执行了大约600笔交易。此外,Euroclear是在去年6月份首次公开了这个平台。

该测试出现之后,将区块链技术应用于黄金市场的公司不断出现。

2016年9月份,Investors Exchange(IEX)背后所谓的“Flash Boys”正在寻求开发一种基于区块链的黄金市场。2017年年初,IEX证券交易所已经筹集了900万美元,用于发起Tradewind Market——基于区块链的市场,希望可以增加贵金属交易的透明性。

同年11月底,拥有千年历史的英国黄金铸币局(Royal Mint)宣布将与芝加哥商品交易所(CME)推出基于区块链的数字化黄金产品。

伦敦金银市场协会(LBMA,London Bullion Market Association)统计数据显示,伦敦的黄金交易量很大,2016年每个月的黄金交易结算量为1790万盎司,折合美元207亿。

有消息称,英国皇家造币厂(UK Royal Mint )宣布将会发布自行开发的区块链黄金交易平台。

Paxos, a global securities depository and blockchain technology provider, has completed a pilot test for Euroclear Bankchain, a settlement service for London bullion.

The service combines Euroclear’s settlement activities with Paxos’ blankchain platform. The service is designed to reduce risk, improve efficiency, and minimize balance sheet constraints for gold market participants.

Bullion Traders Participate In Test

More than 600 OTC bullion trades settled in a two-week period for banks including Citigroup, Scotiabank, MKS PAMP, Societe Generale and INTL FCStone. All are part of the Euroclear Bankchain Market Advisory Group that now 17 participants, according to Paxos.

Bankchain delivers instantaneous settlement and greater automation, providing reduced counterparty risk, lower capital requirements and improved operational efficiencies.

The settlement of unallocated gold is capital intensive. The new platform reduces capital charges for market players via instant settlement and delivery versus payment.

“This is a real first step in bringing a new settlement capability to the London bullion market that will help lower risk and simplify the post-trade process,” said Angus Scott, director, product strategy and innovation at Euroclear, in quotes reported by Reuters.

Service To Go Live Next Year

The teams will integrate feedback from the pilot test in the next few months. Another market simulation is scheduled for early 2017. It is scheduled to go live in 2017.

Seth Phillips, Bankchain product director at Paxos, said the pilot has helped refine the Bankchain platform. He said the level of market participant engagement was extensive. Participants were excited to see how fast their feedback could be incorporated into the platform.

Euroclear has explored the regulatory and legal aspects of blockchain technology in post-trade settlement in a European context.

The report, Blockchain Settlement: Regulation, Innovation, and Application [PDF], with support from Slaughter and May, found that central securities depositories would play an important role in a blockchain-based settlement system.

It also stated that regulators should not fear the use of smart contracts and distributed ledger technology any more than any other automated computer-based process prevalent in the settlement industry.

As “custodians of the code,” central securities depositories could exercise oversight of, and take responsibility for, the operation of the relevant blockchain protocol and any associated smart contracts.

Other Trading Platforms Emerge

The Royal Mint partnered with CME Group earlier this month to develop a platform to trade physical gold, according to Reuters. RMC contracts are backed by gold from the Royal Mint’s bullion vault, while blockchain technology supports digital record ownership. The contracts are set to begin trading in 2017.

IXE Group recently launched an approved stock exchange and is planning a spinoff gold settlement and processing service called TradeWind Markets.

The London Bullion Association also plans to launch a gold trading platform and trade repository. Meanwhile, the London Metal Exchange will deploy gold spot and futures contracts in 2017.


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