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区块链国际资讯

英国计划推出房地产区块链登记制度

英国主管土地所有权登记的政府机构——英国皇家土地登记处日前宣布,由于其承担了一项利用区块链技术进行房地产登记注册的项目,所以需要聘用三名非执行董事会成员。

报告指出,该机构正在努力将英国皇家土地登记处打造成为集快速、便捷、开放式数据于一身的世界领先的土地登记处,这一项目被认为是登记处自150年前成立以来最大的转型。

由国家支持的所有权担保

登记处是英国商务、能源和工业战略部的执行机构,为房地产登记提供国家担保的所有权而非所需的所有权保险。

项目目标的实现要求注册变得更加数字化。登记处计划在不久的将来推出一个“数字街”(Digital Street)的实时测试,以实现房地产所有权变更的快速完成。除此之外,数字街也能允许注册处记录更加精细的数据。

数字街将成为世界上第一个具有巨大的房地产市场转型潜能的注册管理机构。区块链技术是该项目的底层技术。

人才招聘

注册管理机构需要招聘三名非执行董事会成员,期待为运行提供专业的知识保障。应聘者需要具有转型/数字化,金融以及法律方面的相关经验。

转型/数字化职位的应征者要求之前从事过转型变革的相关工作,有能力提供服务改进和进行成本节约。

应聘者需要从大多数转型规则入手提供变革,包括技术、流程以及人力。申请者需要有信息技术发展方面的背景,包括向客户和掌握大量数据的组织提供数字服务。

申请截止日期为2017年6月22日,报酬为每年20,000英镑。

其他政府的类似测试

英国并不是唯一一个探索利用区块链进行房地产注册和管理的国家。

就在今年二月,格鲁吉亚共和国与Bitchury集团(区块链基础设施供应商)合作利用比特币区块链验证与房地产有关的转让,这也成为了首次国家政府使用区块链验证和保障政府行为。

一些发展中国家正在测试利用区块链技术改善土地所有权管理。比如去年,一支由来自加纳、丹麦及美国的区块链领域的领军人物组成的小组启动了Bitland倡议,旨在为西非基础设施建设创造可用的土地所有权,并腾出了数万亿资金。

Bitland倡议将向人们传授相关技术,为没有土地所有权的人提供土地所有权登记。倡议将从加纳开始,扩展到整个非洲,希望推动当地基础设施建设和加强民主。

Her Majesty’s Land Registry, a U.K. government agency responsible for registering land ownership, has announced it is seeking three non-executive board members as it undertakes a project using blockchain technology to register property.

The posting noted that the agency recently committed to making HM Land Registry “the world’s leading land registry for speed, simplicity and an open approach to data.” It referenced the project as the most substantial transformation in the registry’s 150-year history.

State-Backed Ownership Guarantee

The registry, an executive agency of the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, provides state-backed guarantee of ownership on the register rather than requiring title insurance.

To meet its objectives, the registry will have to become more digitized. It plans to launch a live test in the near future of a “Digital Street” to allow property ownership changes to close instantaneously. The Digital Street will also allow the registry to hold more granular data than is presently possible.

Digital Street would be the world’s first such registry, having great transformational potential for the property market, the posting noted. Blockchain technology is an underlying technology for the project.

Three Positions Needed

The registry seeks three non-executive board members to ensure the right mix of expertise. Experience in transformational/digital issues is being sought, along with finance and legal issues.

The transformational/digital member is expected to have experience delivering transformational change to provide service improvements and cost savings.

The person will have to deliver change across most transformation disciplines, including technology, process and people. The candidate is expected to have knowledge of information technology developments, including the delivery of digital services to customers and in data rich organizations.

The closing date for applications is June 22, 2017. Remuneration is £20,000 per annum.

Other Governments Have Similar Tests

The U.K is not the only country to explore blockchain technology for registering and managing property.

In February, the Republic of Georgia teamed with Bitfury Group, a provider of blockchain infrastructure, to use the bitcoin blockchain to validate property related transfers, marking the first time a national government used the bitcoin blockchain to validate and secure government actions.

Blockchain technology has also be tapped to improve land ownership in developing countries.

Last year, a team of blockchain technology pioneers from Ghana, Denmark and the U.S., launched the Bitland initiative to establish usable land titles and free up trillions of dollars for infrastructure development in West Africa.

The Bitland initiative will educate the population about technology and provide the benefits of documented land ownership to those who don’t have it. It will begin in Ghana and expand throughout Africa, with hopes of catapulting infrastructure development and strengthening democracy.


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