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“全球审计四巨头”同时看好区块链产业,彼此竞争不甘落后

尽管区块链技术的发展还处于起步阶段,但其变革性的潜力却吸引了各行各业的注意力, “四大”会计师事务所也不例外。这四家会计师事务所被认为是区块链革命的积极成员,而这很可能将从根本上改变传统服务的提供方式以及企业的运作方式。

以下是这四家公司在比特币和区块链技术方面开展的相关工作。

德勤

德勤用“谜团”、“悖论”和“机遇”这些词来形容区块链技术。 2014年,德勤推出了Rubix,这是一个提供咨询服务的区块链服务,并为包括政府在内的各个部门的客户构建分布式应用程序。

2016年5月,德勤在都柏林成立了第一个区块链实验室,并于今年1月在纽约成立了第二个,预计未来还会成立更多。德勤于2017年5月加入了企业以太坊联盟(EEA)和由Linux基金会主导的“超级账本”项目。

最近比较有趣的新闻之一是德勤独联体(CIS)机构与Waves平台建立了合作伙伴关系,“为客户提供全面的ICO服务和针对特定业务量身定制的区块链解决方案。”

他们还将共同研究规范ICO项目的法律机制。

德勤也对比特币进行了研究。为了增加比特币的可用性,增加潜在用户使用可能性,德勤还在2016年9月在位于多伦多市中心的办公室安装了一台ATM机。而该公司旗下一家名为Bistro 1858的员工餐厅也接受比特币支付。

安永会计事务所

安永会计师事务所是第一家接受比特币支付的咨询公司(在特定地区)。安永瑞士分公司的客户现在(自2017年起)就可以选择使用比特币支付发票审计和咨询服务。

安永瑞士分公司首席执行官Marcel Stalder认为:“大家都要准备好迎接商业世界即将通过区块链、智能合约和数字货币爆发的革命,这对我们来说非常重要。” 该公司于2017年5月加入了瑞士比特币协会,展示了对比特币的进一步支持。

安永的网站上写着“区块链技术已正式提上日程”。去年,该公司还举办了一次创业大赛,为数字身份和能源交易这两个行业探索区块链解决方案。

2017年4月,安永推出了Ops Chain,包含促进区块链技术在企业中的商业使用的一系列应用和服务。它还选择纽约作为成立区块链实验室的第三个地点,其他两个分别是伦敦和特里凡特琅(印度)。

普华永道

普华永道(PwC)认为区块链在金融服务领域有着巨大潜力。为了利用区块链并使其商业化,普华永道招募了15位领先的技术专家,于2016年1月成立新的全球技术团队。

此后,普华永道与众多企业(包括公有和私营企业)开展了合作,以提高区块链技术在世界范围内的适用性。

2016年11月,普华永道推出了Vulcan数字资产服务,通过与Bloq,Libra和Netki合作使数字资产能够用于日常银行、商业和其他关于个人货币和资产的服务。而3月的一则公告显示,普华永道正在与阿里巴巴及食品行业利益相关者探讨区块链解决方案,以解决供应链欺诈问题,并建立人们对食品行业的信任。

普华永道在其最近的一份报告中宣布“区块链正在从实验走向实践”,强调了全球超过四分之三的金融服务公司计划在2020年之前把区块链应用到生产系统中去。

毕马威

2016年9月,毕马威推出了数字账本服务(Digital Ledger Services),这套服务旨在帮助金融服务公司实现区块链的潜力。毕马威表示,数字账本服务包括整个生命周期的支持,从战略资格和业务案例开发到相关用例开发,系统和运营整合以及公司区块链基础架构的持续管理。毕马威的区块链计划得到微软的“区块链即服务”(BaaS)平台的支持。

毕马威和微软还在这种战略合作伙伴关系的基础上于2017年初推出了联合区块链节点,旨在创建和演示将区块链技术应用于业务命题和流程的用例。

结语

虽然区块链技术的可能应用非常多,但只有时间能够告诉人们其中有多少可以在现实世界中发挥作用。尽管如此,区块链能提供的潜在好处证明了人们在这方面的努力和投资不会白费。

While the landscape for blockchain technology is still in its infancy, its potential is transformational and has led to entities across industries to experiment and embrace it. The ‘Big 4’ are no different. The four largest accounting firms in the world, dubbed as the Big 4, are active members of the blockchain revolution that’s all set to fundamentally change the way traditional services are offered and how businesses operate.

Here’s how each of these firms is engaging with Bitcoin and the blockchain technology.

Deloitte

Deloitte uses the words ‘enigma,’ ‘paradox,’ and ‘opportunity’ for blockchain technology. In 2014, Deloitte launched Rubix—a blockchain offering that provides advisory services and builds distributed applications for clients across sectors, including the government.

In May 2016, Deloitte’s first blockchain lab was created in Dublin followed by a second hub in New York in January this year and more such announcements are expected. Deloitte joined the Ethereum Enterprise Alliance (EEA) and the Hyperledger Project by the Linux Foundation in May 2017.

One of the very recent and interesting announcements has been the partnership of Deloitte CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) with Waves Platform for “providing clients with comprehensive initial coin offering (ICO) services and customized blockchain solutions tailored for specific business tasks.”

The two will also work towards legal mechanisms for regulating ICO projects, something which is much needed.

Deloitte has been open to Bitcoin as well. To improve accessibility, enable hands-on learning—with a motive to push greater blockchain adoption in Canada--the company even installed an ATM in September 2016 at their downtown Toronto office. Bitcoin is also accepted as payment at its internal restaurant, called Bistro 1858.

Ernst & Young

Ernst & Young (EY) became the first advisory firm to accept Bitcoin for its services (at select locations). EY Switzerland clients now have the option to settle their invoices for auditing and advisory services using Bitcoin (since the start of 2017).

Marcel Stalder, CEO of EY Switzerland, believes, “It is important to us that everybody gets on board and prepares themselves for the revolution set to take place in the business world through blockchains, smart contracts and digital currencies.” EY Switzerland showed further support to Bitcoin by joining the Bitcoin Association as a corporate member in May 2017.

EY’s website reads ‘Blockchain technology is officially on the agenda,’ which conveys its commitment to the cause. Last year, it threw a start-up challenge to explore blockchain solutions for two industries—digital identity and energy trading.

In April 2017, EY launched Ops Chain, a set of applications and services to facilitate the commercial use of blockchain technology across the enterprise. It also added New York as the third location for its blockchain lab along with London and Thiruvananthapuram (India).

PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC)

PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) sees enormous potential for blockchain in financial services. To exploit and commercialize blockchain, PwC began by recruiting 15 leading technology specialists to set up a new global technology team in January 2016.

Since then, PwC has collaborated with various enterprises—public and private—to push the applicability of the blockchain technology around the world.

In November 2016, PwC launched Vulcan Digital Asset Services to enable digital assets to be used for everyday banking, commerce and other personal currency and asset-related services in collaboration with Bloq, Libra, and Netki. On the other hand, as per a March announcement, PwC is exploring blockchain solutions with Alibaba and food industry stakeholders to address supply chain fraud and build trust in the food industry.

In its recent report, ‘Redrawing the lines: FinTech’s growing influence on financial services,’ PwC declares that ‘Blockchain is coming out of the lab.’ It highlights that over three quarters of global financial services companies plan to adopt blockchain in live production systems by 2020.

KPMG

In September 2016, KPMG launched its Digital Ledger Services—a suite of services designed to help financial services companies realize the potential of blockchain. The Digital Ledger Service includes ‘full lifecycle support—from strategic qualification and business case development to relevant use-case development, systems and operations integration, and on-going management of a company’s blockchain infrastructure,’ according to KPMG. The blockchain initiative by KPMG is supported by Microsoft’s Blockchain as a Service (BaaS) platform.

Building on their strategic partnership, KPMG and Microsoft (MSFT) launched joint Blockchain Nodes early 2017. These are designed to create and demonstrate use-cases that apply blockchain technology to business propositions and processes.

Final Word

Although the possible applications of blockchain technology are vast, only time will tell how many of them will find a place in the real world. Despite the odds, the potential benefits that blockchain offers justifies the efforts and investment going into it.


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