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最有看点的互联网金融门户
国际资讯监管与政策

法国:ICO法律地位尚不清晰,未来将约谈项目方

法国金融市场管理局(AMF)主管Robert Ophele表示,AMF认为ICO(initial coin offerings)并不在当前法律的监管范围之内。与此同时,他还对能够有效执行ICO监管的机构选择表示担忧。

ICO没有合法地位

在近期接受采访时,Robert Ophele被问到AMF对比特币和加密货币发展的态度。这位AMF负责人提到,加密货币存在不少问题,包括“避税、洗钱或者恐怖主义融资”。然而Ophele还强调,这项技术“满足了快速以及低成本的现金转移需求......金融行业正在密切关注这一技术”。

Ophele催促法国和欧盟当局采取措施为ICO进行法律归类。他认为这样才能提供法律基础,方便AMF决定适用于ICO的监管规则。Ophele还警告法国和欧盟监管部门必须即时作出回应,这样才能适应加密货币行业快速发展的创新技术。

不会禁止所有ICO

AMF金融科技、创新以及竞争力部门的主管Franck Guiader在后续的采访中进一步阐明了AMF对待加密货币的立场。

Guiadar强调了ICO行业的发展潜力,认为这“是一个新兴市场,从2016年底开始实现了迅猛的发展”。Guidar补充道:

在法国,目前公开进行的ICO有3场,发行的代币价值预计约为5000万美元。

这位AMF的代表提出了一个中肯的观点,认为决定ICO发行的代币是否属于未经授权的证券分配活动应“取决于国家法律对‘数字资产’的定义”。

Guiadar透露:

未来几个月内,AMF将提供具体的适用规则,尤其是有关代币发行受益人在ICO期间的信息安全问题……现阶段,我们希望能邀请发行方和监管部门进行谈话。

Robert Ophele, the President of the French Autorité des Marchés Financiers (AMF), has revealed that the AMF does not believe initial coin offerings (ICOs) fall under the regulatory jurisdiction of existing legislation. The AMF president also expressed concerns about the efficacy of the existing juridical apparatus through which the applicable regulations pertaining to an ICO is determined.

In a recent interview with Challenges, Robert Ophele was asked about the AMF’s position with regards to the development of bitcoin and cryptocurrency. The AMF president stated that there are “various issues” relating to cryptocurrency, including “tax evasion, money laundering or the financing of terrorism.” Ophele, however, emphasized that the technology “meets more legitimate needs for cash transfers in a fast and cost-free way in the world”, adding that “the financial industry is paying close attention.”

The AMF president urged French and EU authorities to take steps in order to determine a legal classification for ICOs, arguing that such would provide a juridical foundation from which the AMF could accurately identify currently existing regulations applying to initial coin offerings. Ophele also warned that French and European regulators must act with haste in order to respond to the rapidly evolving innovations emerging from within the cryptocurrency industry.

“The Idea Is Not to Ban Absolutely All ICOs… but to Study the Relevance of Different Forms in an Innovative Context.” – Franck Guiader

In an interview with Latribune, the director of the Fintech, Innovation and Competitiveness Division of the AMF, Franck Guiader, further elaborated on the AMF’s position regarding cryptocurrencies.

Guiadar emphasized the growth potential of the ICO industry, stating that such “is a very recent market, with exponential growth since the end of 2016. Guidar added that “in France, we are at the very beginning… three Initial Coin Offerings were made public by their originators, for an estimated amount of just under $ 50 million in terms of issued tokens.” The AMF representative presented a pragmatic argument pertaining to the determination of whether or not tokens issued through an ICO can comprise the distribution of unlicensed securities – stating that such “depends on the definition in national law of what is called a “digital asset”

Guiadar revealed that “in the coming months, [the AMF] will provide very concrete insights into the rules that could be applied, in particular in terms of information given to the beneficiaries of the tokens issued during these ICOs…


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