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区块链国际资讯监管与政策

马来西亚:加密货币交易所必须对交易行为进行申报

在近日举行的反恐怖主义融资峰会上,马来西亚中央银行——马来西亚国家银行(BNM)——行长Muhammad Ibrahim透露,马来西亚央行正在起草新的监管条例,主要针对加密货币的非法使用,并希望借此打击该国的洗钱和恐怖主义融资行为。

据路透社报道,在这个新的监管框架下,那些提供数字货币与传统货币间兑换服务的机构从明年起都将被称为“申报机构”,处于该国的反洗钱和反恐怖主义融资法案之下。

根据法律规定,申报机构需要采取保预防性措施以避免作为非法资金传导渠道,例如提交可疑交易报告。

Ibrahim表示,这是为了防止犯罪和非法活动系统被滥用,确保金融系统稳定性和完整性。

尽管马来西亚央行行长并未透露这个新的监管规定的精确时间表,不过草案起草已从今年9月开始。

本月初,马来西亚证券监管机构马来西亚证券委员会也透露他们正在计划一个加密货币监管框架。为了“市场完整性和投资者保护”,该机构表示他们在这方面正在与央行进行合作。

The governor of Malaysia's central bank, Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM), has provided more detail on its upcoming regulatory framework aimed to counter the illicit uses of cryptocurrencies.

In statements made today at a counter-terrorism financing summit, BNM governor Muhammad Ibrahim said the new rules are being drawn up to combat the financing of money-laundering and terrorism in the country.

According to a Reuters report, Ibrahim set out that, under the framework, those who convert digital currencies into conventional money will be termed as "reporting institutions" from next year, under the country's anti-money laundering and anti-terrorism financing act.

Reporting institutions are obliged by law to take preventive measures, such as submitting suspicious transaction reports, to avoid acting as a channel for illicit money transmission.

Ibrahim added:

"This is to prevent the abuse of the system for criminal and unlawful activities and ensuring the stability and integrity of the financial system."

Although the governor did not reveal a precise timeline for finalizing the new regulations, it has been drafting the plan since last September.

Earlier this month, Malaysia's securities regulator, Securities Commission Malaysia, also revealed it is planning a regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies. Aimed at "market integrity and investor projection," the agency indicated that it is working with central bank during the process.


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