最有看点的互联网金融门户

最有看点的互联网金融门户
其他国际资讯

美国国会计划重新定义人工智能

本周,美国国会议员Maria Cantwell起草了一份新提案,要求商务部成立人工智能专门委员会,负责对联邦政府就如何落实与监管人工智能提供建议。提案若能通过,商务部长就需在一年半内发布人工智能法规纲领。

同其他法案一样,提案对关键术语下了定义。美国国会本次提案认为,所谓“人工智能”应该满足以下五个特征。

A)所有可在多变且不可控的情况下作业,无需过多人工监管,或可自学以往经验、改善表现的人工系统。此类系统可以搭载在计算机软件、实体硬件、或以尚未考虑到的其他形式,能够从事需洞察、认知、计划、学习、交流或行动等类似人类行为的任务。总的来说,人工系统在其所从事的任务中表现越像人类,就越可称得上是采用了人工智能。

B)可像人类一样思考的系统,如认知架构与神经网络。

C)可像人类一般行动的系统,如通过图灵测试或其他利用自然语言处理、知识表达、自动推理、学习等同等测试的系统。

D)如机器学习等模拟认知任务的技术。

E)理智行事的系统,如通过洞察、计划、推理、学习、交流、决议及行动等活动从而完成目标的智能软件代理及内置机器人。

提案建议成立的委员会不仅关注被人工智能取代的岗位,还将指导开发方道德培训、开放研究、国际人工智能竞争与合作、人工智能系统责任、人工智能如何助力农村地区,以及该技术如何协助政府。

大型技术企业已独立构建了组织,以设立道德标准,探索人工智能驱动的产品所带来的影响,而特朗普政府则不太关注此项技术。三月,财政部长斯蒂芬·努钦(Steve Mnuchin)表示自动化并不在该政府的议程之内。

A new bill drafted by senator Maria Cantwell asks the Department of Commerce to establish a committee on artificial intelligence to advise the federal government on how AI should be implemented and regulated. Passing of the bill would trigger a process in which the secretary of commerce would be required to release guidelines for legislation of AI within a year and a half.

As with any legislation, the proposed bill defines key terms. In this, we have a look at how the federal government might one day classify artificial intelligence. Here are the five definitions given:

A) Any artificial systems that perform tasks under varying and unpredictable circumstances, without significant human oversight, or that can learn from their experience and improve their performance. Such systems may be developed in computer software, physical hardware, or other contexts not yet contemplated. They may solve tasks requiring human-like perception, cognition, planning, learning, communication, or physical action. In general, the more human-like the system within the context of its tasks, the more it can be said to use artificial intelligence.

B) Systems that think like humans, such as cognitive architectures and neural networks.

C) Systems that act like humans, such as systems that can pass the Turing test or other comparable test via natural language processing, knowledge representation, automated reasoning, and learning.

D) A set of techniques, including machine learning, that seek to approximate some cognitive task.

E) Systems that act rationally, such as intelligent software agents and embodied robots that achieve goals via perception, planning, reasoning, learning, communicating, decision-making, and acting.

The proposed committee wouldn't just be focused on jobs lost to AI either. Its scope is poised to include guidance on ethics training and development for developers, open research, international competitiveness and cooperation on AI, accountability of AI systems, how AI can help rural areas, and how AI can help the government.

Large technology companies have been independently building organizations to create ethics standards and explore the impact of products built on artificial intelligence, but the Trump administration has taken little notice of the technology. In March, Treasury secretary Steve Mnuchin said automation wasn't even on the administration's radar screen.


用微信扫描可以分享至好友和朋友圈

扫描二维码或搜索微信号“iweiyangx”
关注未央网官方微信公众号,获取互联网金融领域前沿资讯。

发表评论

发表评论

您的评论提交后会进行审核,审核通过的留言会展示在下方留言区域,请耐心等待。

评论

您的个人信息不会被公开,请放心填写! 标记为的是必填项

取消

常笑未央编辑团队

200
总文章数

TA还没写个人介绍。。。

在打破传统保险业的“玻璃屋顶” 之前,AI+保险还需跨过几道坎

智能相对论 | 钛媒体 04-19

“AI+金融”的风口已来

马德伦 | 当代金融家 04-16

英国上议院呼吁加强AI技术道德化规范

高旭 04-16

英国AI投资平台Arkera获400万英镑融资

Lucy White | CITY A.M. 04-08

美国审计总署:Fintech产业发展与监管存在5大问题

潘, 妍媛 04-04

版权所有 © 清华大学五道口金融学院互联网金融实验室 | 京ICP备17044750号-1