不过，迪拜的区块链策略也面临着技术不完善、基础设施不到位的挑战。为了攻克这些挑战，迪拜政府打算开设名为“区块链服务”(Blockchain as a Service)的共享平台，帮助迪拜政府机构在各种项目中普及区块链。此外，当地初创企业ArabianChain将帮助政府把海量文件迁移到区块链上。一个专门负责引进顶级技术、名为“迪拜未来加速器”(Dubai Future Accelerators)的项目也组织了几个区块链初创企业，以求快速在迪拜部署区块链。
由全球32个政府及企业于2016年组建的全球区块链委员会(Global Blockchain Council)也正在致力于发展迪拜的区块链应用。微软、SAP、思科等科技巨头都是这个委员会的成员。
迪拜商品中心局(Dubai Multi Commodities Centre Authority)执行主席Ahmed Bin Sulayem表示，全球区块链委员会的角色是就区块链如何惠及市场参与者、最终提振迪拜经济的问题给当地政府提供想法和指引。
Dubbed as the “city of the future”, Dubai, which plans to have robot cops, flying taxis and autonomous vehicles on its roads in coming years and appointed a minister in-charge of Artificial Intelligence recently, is planning yet another transformation: to become the world’s first blockchain-powered government. By 2020, the emirate wants all visa applications, bill payments and license renewals, which account for over 100 million documents each year, to be transacted digitally using blockchain.
According to Smart Dubai, which is conducting government and private organization workshops to identify services that can be best enhanced by blockchain adoption, the strategy could save 25.1 million man hours, or $1.5 billion in savings per year for the emirate. Much of this enhanced productivity will stem from moving to paperless government.
Given the untamperable data record provided by the technology, real estate hasn’t escaped blockchain disruption either. Aiming to radically transform how people, buy, sell and lease real estate, Dubai Land Department (DLD), the government agency tasked with overseeing land purchases and approving real estate trades, in October, launched a blockchain-powered system to help secure financial transactions, electronically record all real estate contracts, and connect homeowners and tenants to property-related billers, such as electrical, water and telecommunications utilities.
“Our aim is to unite all real estate and department services on a single platform,” said Sultan Butti bin Mejren, director general of DLD, in a press statement. "This initiative is still in a stage of infancy. In the near future, we will see many partners joining blockchain to improve their client services, including banking, mortgages, and utilities and maintenance operations."
Gain confidence of global investors
The introduction of blockchain in real estate is significant for a city that is ranked fourth in the world with the biggest inflow of high net-worth individuals, according to Knight Frank’s 2017 Wealth Report. According to DLD, the technology, with its fraud prevention and transparency capabilities, has the potential to affect thousands of global investors in Dubai each year, gaining their confidence.
The emirate's property sector is projected to see a ramp up in 2018, thanks to adoption of blockchain, launch of a series of mega projects and a growing demand for new apartments ahead of Expo 2020. Earlier this year, apartments in a development in Dubai started selling for Bitcoin.
The adoption of blockchain in real estate, however, is only a first step. In October, the emirate also launched its own blockchain-based cryptocurrency, called, emCash, that people can use to pay for government and non-government services. “A digital currency has varied advantages – faster processing, improved delivery time, less complexity and cost,” said Ali Ibrahim, Dubai Economy deputy director general, in a press statement. “It will improve ease of business and quality of life in Dubai.”
Role of startups and tech giants
However, Dubai’s blockchain strategy presents challenges due to lack of technical skills and infrastructure to support all the technology's functions. To address these challenges, the city will have a shared platform, called Blockchain as a Service, to help Dubai government agencies use blockchain in various projects.
Additionally, local startup ArabianChain is helping to move inter-governmental paperwork onto the blockchain, and Dubai Future Accelerators, a program that pairs top technologies and businesses with partners in the emirate to create breakthrough solutions together, has few blockchain startups such as CrossVerify, Loyyal, Luther Systems, Otonomos and RSK Labs for rapid deployment of blockchain across Dubai.
Earlier this year, Dubai government partnered with U.K. startup ObjectTech to bring blockchain-based security at Dubai International airport and develop digital passports to eliminate manual checks. Dubai Customs and Dubai Trade are also testing blockchain for trade finance in partnership with IBM.
Tech giants such as Microsoft, SAP and Cisco who are part of the Global Blockchain Council, a body of 32 government entities and private global companies launched in 2016, are also working on blockchain applications in Dubai.
“The Global Blockchain Council’s role is to ensure that Dubai remains ahead of the curve and to provide ideas and guidance on how blockchain can benefit market participants, and ultimately contribute to Dubai’s economy,” said Ahmed Bin Sulayem, executive chairman of Dubai Multi Commodities Centre (DMCC) Authority.
Earlier this month, the UAE’s central bank announced it was undertaking a joint project with the Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority to use blockchain technology to issue a digital currency accepted in cross-border transactions between the two countries. With government, startups and global tech giants feverishly working, Dubai's ambitious blockchain plans, though still in its early stages of adoption, may well come to fruition rather sooner than expected.