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国际资讯监管与政策

规模过大,Safaricom电信与金融业务或被拆分

去年,肯尼亚一份有关市场竞争的报告在意见征询期间遭遇泄露。泄露文件认为,肯尼亚电信巨头Safaricom市场规模过大,建议肯尼亚通信管理局将其通讯与金融业务进行拆分并独立运营。

报告一经泄露便引发了市场大规模的抗议和不满。据悉,目前肯尼亚通信管理局已经承认将不会分拆Safaricom公司,以后也不会分拆任何一家大型企业。

Safaricom是肯尼亚最大的移动运营商,其中35%股权归属南非Vodacom集团,5%股权归属Vodacom主要股东Vodafone集团。截至目前,Safaricom共拥有2940万移动用户,占据了肯尼亚移动通讯市场71.9%的份额,远超Bharti Airtel和Telkom Kenya两家竞争机构。

此前,Bharti Airtel和Telkom Kenya曾指控Safaricom操控市场。不过Safaricom方面对此并不承认,并认为有关部门其实更关注其他竞争机构,而不是帮助消费者获得更多的金融科技服务。

It looks like Safaricom will survive as a single business — Kenya’s telecom regulator has reportedly backed off a plan that would have seen the firm’s financial services and telecommunications functions divided off from each other. The move has been considered due to Safaricom’s massive size at present.

The move was also the recommendation of a report on competition in the sector that leaked last year after it had been circulated for commentary. The report explicitly recommended that Communications Authority of Kenya (CA) break up Safaricom, the biggest firm in Kenya by market value.

The CA has affirmed it has no intention of breaking up Safaricom — or any other firms, at present — following a massive and unhappy outcry from the public in the aftermath of the leak.

Safaricom is much larger than its two main competitors in the local mobile market with 29.4 million users, 71.9 percent of Kenya’s total market. It is 35 percent owned by South African group Vodacom and 5 percent by Vodacom’s major shareholder Vodafone.

Smaller operators — like local subsidiary of India’s Bharti Airtel and Telkom Kenya, owned by London-based Helios Partners — have argued that Safaricom enjoys a dominant position because it is can leverage its strength as a telecom provider in ways that no other mobile firm can. Safaricom rejects that claim and has argued previously that the regulator cares more about helping its smaller rivals rather than improving consumer access to financial services technology.


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