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国际资讯监管与政策

美国会欲打击恐怖主义加密货币融资

美国国会众议院金融服务委员会(House Financial Services Committee)议员Ted Budd(R-NC)在1月10日向国会提出了《金融科技创新及国防法案》(Financial Technology Innovation and Defense Act)。该法案关键之处在于创建金融科技任务组,旨在奖励提供数字货币可用信息及恐怖主义用途的情报人。根据去年五月份议员Kathleen Rice(D-NY)起草的《虚拟货币恐怖主义用途国土安全评估法案》(Homeland Security Assessment of Terrorists Use of Virtual Currencies Act),美国两党立法者已经开始监控加密货币支持的恐怖主义。

Budd提出的法案建议成立金融科技独立任务组(Independent Financial Technology Task Force),成员包括数位联邦官员以及银行业、非营利机构和智库等私营行业。这些人会由财长Steven Mnuchin选拔,他本人也将参与工作组,最近他在考虑比特币成为瑞士离岸账户用于洗钱的威胁。

具体细节

类似于联邦调查局(FBI)奖励重大通缉犯的信息提供者,任务组也会创建一个项目,补偿“可以为涉及数字货币恐怖主义用途的个人提供定罪信息的任何人”。法案没有透露奖励金额,以及是否用法币还是比特币支付。

任务组将进一步开发“金融科技创新领袖基金”(Fintech Leadership in Innovation Fund),专门开发发现恐怖主义融资和其他“数字货币非法用途”的工具。通过该基金,任务组还可以向美国公司、高校等他们认为相关的机构拨款。而这部分资金将主要用于支持KYC/AML条款的技术。

此外据路透社报道,参议院小组会议计划在二月初听取美国商品期货委员会(CFTC)和证监会(SEC)官员关于比特币的证词,以及对金融业的显著风险。美国证监会也已经成立了任务组,他们的重点是ICO,CFTC是批准芝商所(CME)和芝加哥期权交易所(CBOE)发起比特币期货交易的监管机构。

A newly proposed Jan. 10 US bill aims to fight terrorism by offering rewards for information that results in convictions of cryptocurrency-supported terrorism.

The bill, introduced to Congress by Rep. Ted Budd (R-NC) of the House Financial Services Committee, proposes an Independent Financial Technology Task Force to dole out the rewards, whose amount in either dollars or cryptocurrency was not indicated.

The second section of the bill reads:

“It is the sense of Congress that the Federal Government should prioritize the investigation of terrorist and illicit use of new financial technology, including digital currencies.”

The fintech task force would be run by the Secretary of the Treasury and filled by five federal directors and four private sector individuals from think tanks, non-profits, and the banking industry.

The bill also calls for the creation of a FinTech Leadership in Innovation Fund to inspire the development of programs and methods for detecting digital currency use among terrorists. This fund could give grants to universities, companies, NGOs, and any individuals that could contribute to research on anti-terrorist detection tools.

In May of 2017, a US bill was brought forward that would require users crossing the US border to declare their cryptocurrency assets if they exceeded more than $10,000. The bill’s aim was to combat money laundering, which is often the source of terrorists’ funding.

Despite regulators’ increasing attention towards cryptocurrency-financed terrorism, a June 2017 report from the European Union found that terrorists still prefer fiat over digital currency, possibly because of the tracking potential of Blockchain records.


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