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区块链国际资讯

黄金市场管理机构考虑用区块链追踪黄金流向

从原油到钻石甚至到番茄,大宗商品市场无不在研究如何使用加密货币背后的分布式数字账本技术——区块链来追踪所有权。

而下一个走向数字化的可能就是黄金。

伦敦金银市场协会(London Bullion Market Association, 简称LBMA)负责管理全球最大现货黄金市场。近日,该机构提议使用区块链来追踪黄金从开采到售出的整个流程,借此阻止洗钱以及恐怖主义融资。

LBMA执行理事兼法律总顾问Sakhila Mirza在周一的采访中指出,区块链技术是无法被忽视的,理应搞清楚它的概念并用之解决影响金融市场的风险。

追踪黄金供应,对于阻止武装组织利用黄金来融资、识别持有者身份以及确保黄金安全性而言至关重要。LBMA已经为了维持市场的基准价格付出了大量努力。Mirza说,对于LBMA来讲,黄金来自于哪里是一个很关键的问题。

LBMA在周二又公布了一份声明,称该机构还将研究如何给黄金加标签、使用其他安全措施来确保黄金、白银货真价实。

Mirza说,凡是归LBMA管理的贵金属,都要在供应链中被追踪,不管它是否在伦敦铸造,也不管重量如何;迄今为止LBMA已经完成了很多工作,但还非常依赖于纸质文件,目前希望通过有效、先进的技术将之实现。

 

 

 

Gold is going digital.

Blockchain technology may help keep track of the roughly $200 billion of the precious metal dug from remote mines, traded by middlemen and melted down by recyclers that’s sold each year to buyers scattered around the world.

The London Bullion Market Association, which oversees the world’s biggest spot gold market, will seek proposals including the use of blockchain for tracing the origins of metal, partly to help prevent money laundering, terrorism funding and conflict minerals, according to Sakhila Mirza, an executive board director.

“Blockchain cannot be ignored,” Mirza, also general counsel of the LBMA, said in an interview Monday. “Let’s understand how it can help us today, and address the risks that impact the precious metals market.”

Markets in commodities from crude oil to diamonds and even tomatoes are looking at using the digital ledger technology that underpins cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin -- known to some as "digital gold" -- to track ownership. Tracing gold supply is key to preventing metal that funds armed conflict from entering world markets, identifying owners and maintaining security from mine to vault.

The LBMA has pushed ahead with efforts to modernize a trade that until recent years relied on phone auctions to set a key benchmark price for the market.

“For us, it’s a question of where the gold comes from,” Mirza said.

The LBMA oversees a list of refiners approved to supply the London market.

Its London Good Delivery List sets global standards for large gold and silver bars. The LBMA will also study tagging the metal and using other security features to ensure bars are exactly what they say they are, it said in a statement Tuesday.

“Everything that ends up in an LBMA good-delivery refiner needs to be tracked in the supply chain, regardless of whether it ends up as a large bar in a London vault, a kilo bar shipped to the Far East, or a coin owned by a collector,” Mirza said. “A lot has been done already but it’s still very paper-based. We now want to formalize it through an efficient and possibly technologically based solution.”


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