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区块链国际资讯

联合国或利用区块链抗击气候变化

1月22日,联合国宣布成立“气候链联盟”(Climate Chain Coalition)。参与者包括至少32家致力于应用区块链来保留精确记录的机构。

根据气候链联盟的官方声明,联合国希望区块链技术能有助于改善汇报及验证气候变化的流程,提供更强的监控能力。区块链平台的全体可见、不可篡改特性还将增加全球气候变化数据存储的透明度,联合国希望借此树立信心。

联合国气候变化框架公约(United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 简称UNFCCC)可持续发展负责人Massamba Thioye解释区块链落地全面合作的必要性时说,“气候链联盟”的成员宪章决定了它是符合《巴黎协定》(Paris Agreement)的;为了充分、迅速调动潜力,有必要在利益方之间开展广泛合作,将资源调配给优先级别高的地区、避免重复做无用功、避免在发展新技术的过程中遭遇数不清的未知事件。

UNFCCC的秘书处近期将区块链技术认定为有益创新,促进了“气候链联盟”的成立。秘书处成立于1992年,成员来自超过100个国家。Thioye说,联合国气候变化秘书处已经意识到了区块链技术在强化环境保护和可持续发展方面的贡献。新部署的区块链体系为行业和政府又添了一件抗击气候变化的武器,在创新型应用频繁证明可溯源、透明性以及高效率等优点之际,这是一次比较权威的测试区块链落地性的尝试。

 

On January 22, 2018, the United Nations announced the creation of the Climate Chain Coalition (emphasis ours). The partnership includes at least 32 organizations working to apply blockchain technology to keep accurate records.

According to the Climate Chain Coalition's (CCC) official announcement, the UN hopes that blockchain technology will help to improve the process of reporting and verifying climate actions, providing stronger monitoring capabilities. The consensus-based immutable nature of a blockchain platform allows for added transparency in the keeping of global data related to climate change as well, which the UN hopes will help to build trust among participants.

Massamba Thioye, a manager of sustainable development of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), described the necessity of across-the-board collaboration for the development of blockchain technology. As per the CCC's membership charter, those working together in the coalition are unified under the auspices of the climate accord known as the Paris Agreement.

"To fully and promptly mobilize this potential, broad collaboration among stakeholders is needed to direct resources to priority areas, avoid duplication of effort, and help avoid the pitfalls of working on a new technology with countless unknowns."

Other guidelines in the charter include the crafting of technology-agnostic platforms, implementation of standardization practices, and efforts to reduce fraud.

Within the UNFCCC is the Secretariat, a division created in 1992 central to global warming, whose membership encompasses individuals from over 100 countries. Recently, The Secretariat has identified blockchain technology as a beneficial innovation, prompting the creation of the CCC. According to Thioye, "the UN Climate Change Secretariat recognizes the potential of blockchain technology to contribute to enhanced climate action and sustainability."

The Secretariat's creation of the CCC to deploy blockchain systems, among the tools industries and governments have at their command to combat climate change, is a testament to the malleability of this technology as it continues to see new innovative applications thanks to deliverable metrics of verifiable provenance, transparency, and overall efficiency.


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