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区块链国际资讯

欧盟报告:区块链将颠覆教育行业

欧盟委员会旗下联合研究中心(Joint Research Centre)近日表示,作为比特币、以太坊等数字货币的底层技术,区块链将颠覆全球教育及培训行业。

据估计,这个行业的价值在4.6万亿-6万亿美元之间。欧盟委员会研究员在一份题为《教育界的区块链》(Blockchain in Education)的132页报告中写道,区块链技术有潜力打破机构的陈词滥调,提高效率、削减成本、提高记录的真实度和安全性,全面革新资格授予、许可和认证、学生记录管理、知识产权管理、支付等多个领域。

教育界的区块链:“小荷才露尖尖角”

研究人员表示,尽管用于教育的区块链应用仍处于萌芽阶段,但该领域正如雨后春笋般爆发式增长。几个教育机构都在试点区块链解决方案,包括英国开放大学、麻省理工学院、尼科西亚大学和马耳他的一些学校。

区块链很可能意味着由教育机构颁发纸质证书的体系将终结,包括成绩、奖励、认证和学分转换等。它还可以消除依赖发证机构来验证所发记录、证书的需求,因为这些记录可以通过技术进行自动验证。

研究人员称,区块链还可以应用于知识产权管理,用于追踪首次出版和引用,而不需要中央机构来管理这些数据库。这使得自动跟踪开放式教育资源的使用情况成为可能。

报告作者表示,将来,一些机构将采用基于区块链的加密货币作为支付方式——部分教育机构已经在这么做了;创建自定义加密货币的能力也可能意味着,区块链将被许多国家用在捐赠或基于担保的教育基金中并大展拳脚。

俄罗斯学校已开始提供区块链教育

在类似信念的驱使下,俄罗斯在莫斯科Phystechpark开设了第一个区块链学校。根据2月12日签署的一项协议,莫斯科编程学院(Moscow School of Programmers)和IT中心构思了一个专注于区块链技术层面的课程计划。第一次课程将于2018年3月1日举行。

去年10月,俄罗斯教育科学委员会副主席Boris Chernyshov建议将区块链技术课程纳入学校教学之中。

相关阅读,请点击:《全球多家高校开始测试学术证书区块链系统

 

Blockchain, the encryption system behind digital currencies such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, is revolutionizing the global education and training industry, according to a study by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre.

This industry is estimated to be worth between $4.6 trillion and $6 trillion. In a 132-page report titled “Blockchain in Education,” EC researchers say the technology has the potential to "both disrupt institutional norms and empower learners" while improving efficiency, reducing costs, and boosting records authentication and security.

According to co-authors Alexander Grech and Anthony Camilleri, blockchain will have a profound impact on any activity that involves record-keeping of titles of ownership. They note:

“Within education, activities likely to be disrupted by blockchain technology include the award of qualifications, licensing and accreditation, management of student records, intellectual property management, and payments."

Blockchain in education still in infancy but picking up

The researchers say that while blockchain applications for education are still in their nascent stage, the sector is quickly catching up. Several educational institutions are pilot-testing blockchain solutions, including the Open University UK, MIT, the University of Nicosia, and some schools in Malta.

Blockchain is likely to spell the end of paper-based system for certificates issued by educational institutions, including records of achievements, awards, recognition, and transfer of credits. It could also eliminate the need for institutions to validate the records or certificates they have issued because these can be automatically verified through the technology.

“It can also be applied to intellectual property management, for the tracking of first publication and citations, without the need for a central authority to manage these databases. This enables, e.g., the possibility of automatically tracking the use and re-use of open educational resources,” the researchers concluded.

Grech and Camilleri predict that the near future will see some institutions adopt blockchain-based cryptocurrencies as payments. Some educational organizations are already doing that, the duo note and go on to add:

“The ability to create custom cryptocurrencies is also likely to mean that blockchain will find significant use in grant or voucher-based funder of education in many countries.”

Russian schools offering blockchain education

Driven by similar beliefs, Russia has opened its first blockchain school in Moscow’s Phystechpark. Under an agreement signed on February 12, the Moscow School of Programmers and the IT hub envision a course program that focuses on the technical side of blockchain. The first session will take place on March 1, 2018.

In October last year, Boris Chernyshov, deputy chairman of Russia’s Education and Science Committee, recommended that blockchain technology lessons be included in school programs.


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