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韩国:禁止所有政府官员持有和交易加密货币

国际资讯监管与政策

韩国:禁止所有政府官员持有和交易加密货币

据韩国《每日经济新闻》报道,韩国向所有政府官员发布了禁止持有和交易虚拟货币的禁令。

《每日经济新闻》援引人事部门的话解释说,如果雇员为了个人利益而进行数字货币交易,尤其是在工作时间内进行交易,是有违公务员法的,违者将受到法律层面的处理。

《每日经济新闻》补充道,韩国金融服务委员会(The Korean Financial Services Commission)、公平贸易委员会( the Fair Trade Commission)和其他相关部门已经警告员工“不要投资于虚拟货币”。 此外,政策协调员办公室主任Hong Nam也曾在今年1月对所有公职人员发出过类似警告。

上个月,韩国反腐败和民权委员会( the Korean Anti-Corruption & Civil Rights Commission)向所有政府部门和公共机构发布了《加密货币货币行为指南》。

这份文件在《公务员行为守则》第12条中增加了加密货币的内容,禁止公职人员利用“在履行职责期间用所获得的信息协助交易或投资”加密货币。此外,韩国金融监督委员会作为一个独立机构,会对自己的行为进行审查。

早在今年上旬,政府就提出了一项法案,要求公职人员申报他们的加密货币投资。此前,有人指控一些政府雇员利用对不公开的监管的认知,操纵市场,参与内幕交易。

The South Korean government has reportedly de facto banned all government officials from holding and trading cryptocurrencies. Even if their crypto activities are not related to their jobs, public officials can still be subject to disciplinary actions.

Public Officials De Facto Banned from Crypto

South Korea has reportedly “issued a ban on virtual currency holdings and transactions to all government officials,” Maeil Business Newspaper reported.

According to the document entitled “Virtual currency holdings and transaction-related information for civil servants,” the publication elaborated:

The personnel department requested that they [civil servants] refrain from holding and trading virtual currency even if there is no job relevance…This is the first time the government has formulated a virtual currency ban for all public officials.

Disciplinary Actions Encouraged but Not Defined

The publication quoted the personnel affairs department explaining that if employees trade digital currencies for their personal benefit, they “are in violation of the prohibition of forbearance obligations under the civil servants’ law,” especially if trading is done during work hours. “Even if there is no job relevance,” the officials “could be subject to discipline,” the news outlet conveyed and quoted a high-ranking official explaining:

The disciplinary issue is not a quantitative cut, but a problem of interpretation of the law. Each ministry should judge the possibility of discipline.

Additional Efforts

The Korean Financial Services Commission (FSC), the Fair Trade Commission, and other related departments have already warned their employees “to refrain from investing in virtual currency,” the news outlet added. Furthermore, the head of the Office of Policy Coordinator, Hong Nam, told all public officials to do the same in January.

Last month, the Korean Anti-Corruption & Civil Rights Commission issued the “Code of Conduct Guide to Cryptocurrency” to all government departments and public agencies.

This document adds cryptocurrency to Article 12 of the Civil Servant Code of Conduct, prohibiting public officials from using “the information learned during their duties to assist in trading or investing” in cryptocurrency. In addition, the FSS, which is an independent agency, said that it will review its own code of conduct.

Earlier this year, a bill was introduced to require public officials to declare their cryptocurrency investments. It followed accusations that some government employees were involved in insider trading using undisclosed knowledge of future regulations as well as market manipulation.


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