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韦氏词典新增“加密货币”和“区块链”等词条

本周,全球最知名字典之一的韦氏字典宣布,将在本月新增“加密货币”、“区块链”和“ICO”等800个新词。

该公司表示,其添加新词的目标是帮助解释“数字金融交易中令人困惑的领域”,力求以实例为指导。

据了解,韦氏词典对“加密货币”、“区块链”和“ICO”的解释分别是:

加密货币:一种数字化的货币形式,通常没有中央发行方或者监管机构,而是采用一种去中心化的系统来记录交易并且管理新代币的发行,需要依靠密码学来防止造假以及欺诈性交易。

ICO:某种加密货币首次面向公众售卖,旨在募集资金(以支撑一家初创公司)。

区块链:一个包含信息的数字化数据库,其能够在一个大型的去中心化和公开访问网络中同时进行使用和共享。另外也指创建这类数据库的技术。

本次的词条更新非常引人注意,距离“比特币”添加到韦氏词典已经有两年的时间。确实,新增这类词条证明这些词已经成为了人们日常生活的一部分,不过“挖矿”等词是否有可能被纳入词典完善加密货币词汇表还有待观察。

One of the world's most established dictionaries has gotten a cryptocurrency update.

Merriam-Webster announced Monday that it has added terms such as "cryptocurrency," "blockchain" and "initial coin offerings" to its word lists as of this month. The additions came amid more than 800 new entries.

In unveiling the move, the company said that it aims to help clarify the "sometimes perplexing domain of digital financial exchanges," striving to use examples as a guiding point.

"The sometimes perplexing domain of digital financial exchanges opens a window into a subject that requires explanation for many of us, hence the detailed definition of cryptocurrency as well as an entry for initial coin offering, which refers to the first sale of Bitcoin-like digital currency," Merriam-Webster wrote.

"Cryptocurrency" is defined as "any form of currency that only exists digitally, that usually has no central issuing or regulating authority," going on to note that the system records transactions and used cryptography to prevent counterfeit or fraudulent transactions.

Similarly, the term "blockchain" notes that it is a digital database used within a decentralized network. However, unlike the other two terms, "initial coin offering" does not have a working page as of press time.

The additions are notable, coming nearly two years after "bitcoin" was first added to the dictionary. Indeed, the listings point to the increasing profile of such words in the public lexicon, though it remains to be seen if terms like "mining" receive a cryptocurrency-themed update in the future.


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