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欧盟讨论建立人工智能伦理准则框架

其他国际资讯

欧盟讨论建立人工智能伦理准则框架

从医疗保健、交通和可持续农业,人工智能可以为我们的社会和经济发展带来诸多益处。然而,有关人工智能对未来工作与现行立法的影响等问题也应运而生。这就需要我们展开一场广泛、开放和极具包容性的讨论,看看如何才能在成功开发和使用人工智能的同时不违背基本的伦理环境。

针对这一问题,近日欧盟委员会成立了一个专门的人工智能小组,以广泛收集相关专家和业界人士的意见。同时,根据欧洲科学和新技术伦理小组发表的声明,这个欧盟专家小组还将就人工智能应用的伦理问题提供相应的指导意见。

目前,专家小组的征集工作已经开始,4月9日正式结束。欧盟委员会计划在5月前完成小组的构建工作。据悉,该小组成员的主要任务包括:

  1. 就委员会如何在“欧洲人工智能联盟”中建立广泛而多样化的利益相关者社区向欧盟委员会提供建议;
  2. 支持即将实施的欧洲人工智能倡议(2018年4月);
  3. 在年底前出台基于欧盟基本权利的伦理发展和人工智能使用准则草案,充分考虑公平性、安全性、透明度、未来工作、民主以及更广泛地影响“基本权利宪章”的适用等问题。该指导方针将在欧洲委员会独立咨询机构欧洲科学和新技术伦理组织(EGE)今天的发言中进行广泛的磋商和建设之后起草。

该小组将收集并巩固其他专家与人工智能相关的工作,例如工业技术高级别战略小组(中间报告)以及责任和新技术专家组。

欧盟委员会将借助多个国家层面倡议活动与欧盟成员国国家、欧洲议会、欧洲经济与社会委员会、其他地区及国际组织论坛(例如G7)展开密切合作。

据了解,人工智能将成为4月10日在布鲁塞尔举行的数字日的一部分讨论的关键主题之一。

The Commission is setting up a group on artificial intelligence to gather expert input and rally a broad alliance of diverse stakeholders. The expert group will also draw up a proposal for guidelines on AI ethics, building on today's statement by the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies.

From better healthcare to safer transport and more sustainable farming, artificial intelligence (AI) can bring major benefits to our society and economy. And yet, questions related to the impact of AI on the future of work and existing legislation are raised. This calls for a wide, open and inclusive discussion on how to use and develop artificial intelligence both successfully and ethically sound.

Today the Commission has opened applications to join an expert group in artificial intelligence which will be tasked to:

  1. advise the Commission on how to build a broad and diverse community of stakeholders in a "European AI Alliance";
  2. support the implementation of the upcoming European initiative on artificial intelligence (April 2018);
  3. come forward by the end of the year with draft guidelines for the ethical development and use of artificial intelligence based on the EU's fundamental rights. In doing so, it will consider issues such as fairness, safety, transparency, the future of work, democracy and more broadly the impact on the application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights. The guidelines will be drafted following a wide consultation and building on today's statement by the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies (EGE), an independent advisory body to the European Commission.

The call for applications for an expert group in artificial intelligence will end on 9 April and the Commission aims to set this group up by May. This group will gather and build on the work done by other experts which is relevant to artificial intelligence, such as the high-level strategy group for industrial technologies (intermediate report) and the expert group on liability and new technologies. For the latter a call for applications was also launched today. This expert group will assist the Commission in analysing the challenges related to the existing liability framework.

The Commission will work closely with Member States, especially through the European platform of national initiatives to digitise industry (next forum event organised in France on 27 and 28 March), with the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions as well as international organisations and fora (such as the G7). Artificial intelligence will be one of the key topics discussed as part of the Digital Day taking place in Brussels on 10 April.


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