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G20委员会:加密货币不足以威胁全球金融稳定

全新的互联网金融模式国际资讯

G20委员会:加密货币不足以威胁全球金融稳定

在二十国(G-20)峰会举办前夕,由英国央行行长卡尼牵头的大会金融稳定委员会表示,加密货币对全球金融稳定性并不构成风险。

在这则3月18日发布的一则公开信中该委员会指出,全球金融危机爆发前(2008年)光是信用违约掉期的名义市值就相当于全球GDP的100%。

而目前全球加密货币的市值不足全球GDP的1%,这么小的规模、又不是货币的替代品,而且用于实体经济和金融交易的用途非常有限,种种表现都意味着它们与金融体系的联系很有限。

这封信跟卡尼之前有关“加密货币对全球金融体系影响有限”的言论基本一致,而且这封信提供了一个窗口,让人们可以一窥本周G20会议上这个话题将集中在哪个方向。正如之前报道的那样,政府官员讨论的其中一大主题就是加密货币,这个话题被列为会议议程中的“重要”级别,目的是共同探讨监管。

正如卡尼在信中所承认的那样,包括法国、日本和美国在内的多个国家都呼吁对加密货币投机行为采取统一的应对措施。有报道称,最近日本官员甚至提议联合打击洗钱活动。

事实上,一些呼吁采取行动的人似乎也认同卡尼的看法。美国财政部长姆努钦(Steve Mnuchin)就支持国际化的监管方式,他过去曾说,他不认为加密货币对金融稳定构成了威胁。

 

An international group of central bank regulators and government ministers said Sunday that cryptocurrencies don't pose a risk to global financial stability, comments that come on the eve of talks on the subject by the G-20.

In a letter published on March 18, Financial Stability Board chairman Mark Carney, who also leads the Bank of England, said that the organization doesn't see the tech as a threat - at least at this juncture.

Carney wrote:

"The FSB's initial assessment is that crypto-assets do not pose risks to global financial stability at this time. This is in part because they are small relative to the financial system."

"Even at their recent peak, their (cryptocurrencies) combined global market value was less than 1% of global GDP," he continued. "In comparison, just prior to the global financial crisis (in 2008), the notional value of credit default swaps was 100% of global GDP.

Their small size, and the fact that they are not substitutes for currency and with very limited use for real economy and financial transactions, has meant the linkages to the rest of the financial system are limited."

While the note is mostly in line with Carney's previous comments on the limited impact of cryptocurrencies on the global financial system, the letter offers a window into where the discussions around this area may head to at the G20 meeting this week. As previously reported, government officials will meet Monday and Tuesday in part to talk cryptocurrencies, an agenda item that has been deemed "important" in a bid to reach a "common response" to regulation.

As acknowledged in Carney's letter, a number of major countries - France, Japan and the U.S. among them - have called for a unified response to speculation around cryptocurrencies. Most recently, Japanese officials reportedly expressed interest in joint efforts around money laundering.

Indeed, some of those calling for action seem to share Carney's assessment as well. As previously reported, U.S. Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin - who supports an international approach to regulation - has said in the past that he doesn't view cryptocurrencies as a threat to financial stability.


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