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区块链国际资讯监管与政策

俄罗斯区块链法案即将正式推出

加密货币不是唯一一种即将在俄罗斯受到监管的事物。

近日,俄罗斯副总理Arkady Dvorkovich在与普列汉诺夫经济大学的学生见面时宣布,一项有关区块链技术的监管法案可能在几个月内完成并正式推出。

尽管区块链最初因支撑加密货币而知名,其优势已经得到了大量行业的认可和接纳,包括高度的安全以及记录的不可篡改。

另外,由于其为虚拟货币提供了底层支撑,区块链还能用于辅助央行和政府创造国有的数字货币。

俄罗斯是众多对这一应用表现出兴趣的国家之一。俄罗斯最大银行俄联储(Sberbank)的总裁Herman Gref表示,俄罗斯拥有世界上最活跃的区块链项目。俄罗斯第一副总理Igor Shuvalov也指出,区块链技术能够帮助该国进一步提升其在经济领域的地位。

在具体应用过程中,俄罗斯已经取得了多个成果。比如,俄罗斯已经公开宣布其加密卢布(CryptoRuble)的计划。而且就在去年,由该国央行主导的金融科技协会还推出了一款基于以太坊区块链的软件Masterchain。

此外,俄罗斯总统普京也曾称赞该技术,认为这是推动该国自身发展的方法。因此,俄罗斯制定了一个监管框架用于整合区块链技术到国家的管理系统中。

自2018年以来,越来越多的国家开始制定加密货币监管政策。俄罗斯历来对加密货币的态度摇摆不定,国家杜马收到过多个监管草案,有要求禁止的,有要求征税的,也有要求合法化的。

近期,俄罗斯议会收到了一项新的草案,旨在保护加密货币持有者的权益。该法案首次提出了“数字货币”以及“数字权利”等概念,允许对加密货币进行征税,同时表示加密货币可作为遗产以及破产债权。

至于最终哪项法案能够真正实施,目前国内监管机构已经达成一致,决定权在俄罗斯央行手上。

鉴于加密货币的创新潜力,我们希望俄罗斯监管部门能够制定高效并合理的监管策略。

Russia has made no secret of the fact that they are not cheerleading the decentralized cryptocurrency revolution. However, as with most industries, they are fully on board the blockchain bandwagon.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has previously endorsed the technology as a way for the country to advance itself. Because of this, Russia has set to work determining a regulatory framework for integrating blockchain into the country’s governance system.

BLOCKCHAIN LEGISLATION AROUND THE CORNER

In fact, according to TASS, this outline could be complete within the next few months. This announcement was made by the country’s Deputy Prime Minister, Arkady Dvorkovich. He said this while meeting with students of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics.

In a roughly translated quote, Dvorkovich said:

It’s necessary to create a regulatory framework, not necessarily too detailed, not to limit the implementation of projects [too much]. Do it as quickly as possible, we are doing it now. I hope that in the coming months, the legislative issues of blockchain will be [resolved].

WIDESPREAD INTEREST

Even though blockchain was initially known as the supporting technology for cryptocurrencies, its advantages are being recognized and implemented over a range of industries. These benefits include a high level of security and immutable record-keeping capabilities.

In addition, because it is the underlying support for virtual currencies, blockchain is being used to aid in central banks and governments creating their own state-controlled digital currencies. Russia is one of the countries that have expressed a keen interest in doing just that by vocalizing plans to develop its own CryptoRuble. First Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov has also said that blockchain technology could help Russia reach a higher level of advancement in their economic sector.

NOT JUST FOR CRYPTOCURRENCIES

This type of technology has been on Russia’s radar for some time. Last year saw the launch of Masterchain, a software built using a fork of the Ethereum blockchain. It was created by Russia’s FinTech Association, which is a group comprised of payment institutions and financial startups headed by the Central Bank of Russia.

Blockchain technology can also be used to protect intellectual property (IP) as it not only offers safe and secure storage, but also ensures that any data that needs to be added to a creation or article can be done so efficiently.

February this year also saw Russia’s Agency for Housing Mortgage Lending (AHML) team up with Rosreestr, which is the Federal Service for State Registration, Cadastre, and Cartography, and Vnesheconombank, which is a state-owned Russian development bank. The joint initiative used blockchain technology to develop a shared-ownership contract for future construction development projects.

RUSSIA IS FULLY EMBRACING THE TECHNOLOGY

Herman Gref, who is the president of the country’s biggest bank, Sberbank, has previously stated that Russia has the most active blockchain projects in the world.

The country’s embrace of blockchain seems to be filtering from the top down as President Putin has previously said that anyone who is “late in the race” in terms of blockchain development and implementation, would be forced to depend on other world leaders.

He stated that:

Russia cannot allow this.


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