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FCA:加密货币衍生品服务企业必须获得授权 违规或属刑事犯罪

4月6日,FCA官网发布声明称,尽管加密货币本身不会因监管目的而被定义为货币和商品,但加密货币衍生品可能属于该机构监管范围下的金融工具。

FCA继续解释道,对于那些寻求提供与加密货币相关的衍生品、以及那些试图通过初始代币发行的公司可能需要获得他们的授权,涉及的产品包括加密货币期货、加密货币期权、以及加密货币差价合约(CFDs)。

不过,FCA又补充称,他们会根据发行代币的性质,来判断初始代币发行项目是否在监管范围之内。

FCA最后警告说,如果有企业未经FCA授权就提供了需要授权的产品或服务,那么就属于刑事犯罪。未经授权提供加密货币衍生品的公司,可能会被强制执行禁令。

尽管FCA对区块链技术持肯定态度,而且还在2016年表示不打算对区块链行业进行监管,因为他们认为这个行业需要“空间”来更好地发展。不过,FCA对待加密货币和初始代币发行却采取了更为强硬的态度。

2017年12月,FCA负责人Andrew Bailey曾警告比特币投资人需要做好“失去所有钱”的准备,而且认为投资加密货币和赌博无异。同时,FCA还宣布将收集证据,并对初始代币发行进行更深入的调查,以确认是否需要对初始代币发行融资模式采取更进一步的监管行动。

UK Finance Watchdog Issues Warning on Crypto Derivatives NEWS Daniel Palmer Apr 6, 2018 at 13:10 UTC

The U.K.'s financial watchdog has warned that companies offering services around cryptocurrency derivatives "likely" need to be authorized by the agency.

In a statement posted to its website Friday, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), said that although it doesn't consider cryptocurrencies to be currencies or commodities for regulatory purposes, cryptocurrency derivatives may be financial instruments under current directives.

The statement said:

"Firms conducting regulated activities in cryptocurrency derivatives must, therefore, comply with all applicable rules in the FCA's Handbook and any relevant provisions in directly applicable European Union regulations."

The FCA continued to explain that it's "likely" that companies seeking to offer derivatives linked to cryptocurrencies or tokens issued through ICOs will need to obtain authorization. The products mentioned include cryptocurrency futures, cryptocurrency contracts for differences (CFDs) and cryptocurrency options.

The agency added, however, that an ICO "may or may not fall within the FCA's regulatory purview depending on the nature of the tokens issued."

The FCA finished with a warning that states: "If your firm is not authorized by the FCA and is offering products or services requiring authorization it is a criminal offence. Authorized firms offering these products without the appropriate permission may be subject to enforcement action."

While the FCA has been generally positive on blockchain technology, saying in 2016 that it does not plan to regulate the blockchain industry for now as it believes it needs "space" to grow, it has taken a sterner stance on cryptocurrency and ICOs.

In December 2017, the head of the authority, Andrew Bailey, warned bitcoin investors to be prepared to "lose all your money," adding the risks are similar to gambling.

The same month, the FCA announced that it would gather evidence and conduct a deeper examination on ICOs. In a feedback statement, the regulator said it would carry out an analysis on the applicability of U.K. laws to the ICO funding model and assess if there is need for "further regulatory action."


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