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为保护本国法币,伊朗禁止银行处理及参与加密货币交易

全新的互联网金融模式国际资讯监管与政策

为保护本国法币,伊朗禁止银行处理及参与加密货币交易

伊朗央行(CBI)最高委员会负责打击洗钱以及资本外流行为。

近日,出于对洗钱等问题的担忧,该机构宣布禁止国内银行为加密货币公司提供服务以及处理加密货币交易。

CBI在公告中指出,加密货币“可能被用于洗钱、支持恐怖主义以及犯罪交易”。银行、信贷机构以及货币兑换服务商应该避免这类货币的买卖,同时不能采取任何推广措施。

在打击加密货币的同时,伊朗正式统一了官方以及公开市场的汇率,旨在控制该国法币里亚尔的持续下跌。同时,CBI还规定每位公民持有的外币现金不得超过10000欧元(12250美元)。

本月早些时候,里亚尔价格创造历史新低,由于人们担心美国可能会再次实施严重的金融制裁,银行的资金转移和信贷活动也被禁止。

伊朗从2012年开始经历了长达4年的银行封锁期,当时全球支付系统SWIFT禁止该国银行进入其网络,直到2016年前美国总统奥巴马签署核协议,伊朗的银行才开始正常运作。

到5月12日,美国总统特朗普将面临两个选择,要么签署豁免对伊朗制裁的总统令,要么正式让美国退出奥巴马时代的核协议。

与此同时,自从委内瑞拉石油币(Petro)作为规避经济制裁的工具出现之后,伊朗一直在积极研发其国家发行的区块链加密货币。

Citing money laundering concerns, the Central Bank of Iran (CBI) has banned the country’s banks from offering services to crypto firms or dealing in cryptocurrencies.

The CBI’s supreme committee, also in charge of curbing money laundering and fighting capital flight in Iran, has issued a circular prohibiting banks and financial institutions from transactions that enable buying, selling or promoting cryptocurrencies, the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) reported Sunday.

In its circular, the CBI further claimed cryptocurrencies ‘have the option to be used for money laundering, supporting terrorism and exchange of sums between wrongdoers’, state-owned IRNA, Iran’s official news agency, revealed.

An excerpt from the circular, as reported by Reuters, read:

Banks and credit institutions and currency exchanges should avoid any sale or purchase of these currencies or taking any action to promote them.

The cryptocurrency curbs come during wider reforms this month wherein Iran formally unified its official and open market exchange rates in an attempt to halt plummeting Iranian rial, the country’s fiat currency. The central bank has also limited the permissible amount of foreign currency – in cash- to be held by an Iranian citizen to  €10,000 ($12,250).

Measures include a ban on money transfers and swaps beyond banks as the rial hit an all-time low earlier this month amid fears of a possible return of crippling financial sanctions led by the United States.

Iran underwent a banking blackout after global payments rail SWIFT banned the country’s banks from its network in 2012 in a blockade that lasted four years until a nuclear deal by former US president Obama lifted those sanctions in Tehran in 2016.

On May 12, US president Donald Trump sees a deadline to either sign a presidential waiver on Iranian sanctions or formally withdraw the United States from the Obama-era nuclear accord.

Iran, meanwhile, has been actively exploring the development of its own blockchain-based, state-issued cryptocurrency, following the likes of Venezuela’s own oil-backed ‘Petro‘ as a means to circumvent economic sanctions.


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