最有看点的互联网金融门户

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国际资讯监管与政策

马耳他内阁通过三项加密货币法案

据当地媒体报道,马耳他内阁已经批准了三项与加密货币和区块链技术相关的法案。其中一项为虚拟金融资产法案,该法案为加密货币和ICO提供了监管框架。另外两项法案是《马耳他数字创新管理局法案》和《技术安排和服务法案》。

周二,马耳他议会第一次就法案进行了讨论。

据《马耳他独立报》报道,下一阶段是众议院双方就三项法案进行辩论。

议会秘书Silvio Schembri表示:一旦围绕区块链技术和加密货币的法案在马耳他执行,如果从法律的角度明确了关于加密货币的各个方面,银行就不会那么欢迎加密货币领域的公司。

《马耳他之风》引用了Silvio Schembri的话,说:

作为政府,我们认为通过监管加密货币市场,将确保金融监管的三个主要原则得到遵守,并使该领域的市场成为一个保护投资者、诚信、财务稳健的市场。

第一项为《马耳他数字创新管理局法案》,该法案为马耳他数字创新管理局这个新部门设立了职责。Mamo TCV Advocates律师事务所表示,这个新部门还关注内部治理。该机构主要是“对分布式账本技术平台进行认证,以确保可信度,并为使用分布式账本技术平台的用户提供法律依据。”

第二项为《技术安排和服务法案》,涉及技术服务提供者的登记和技术认证,例如系统管理员和审计人员的认证。

该律师事务所称,《虚拟金融资产法案》的重点是ICO

以及对某些服务提供商的监管,这些服务提供商参与与ICO相关的活动。

该公司补充道:

该法案还包括对适用于加密货币交易的监管机制的概述。

当下,有一些寻求前往马耳他的交易所,也有一些希望在马耳他ICO的发行方。这几项法案将进一步提高马耳他在区块链领域的地位,维护其作为区块链岛的声誉。

此外,该法案授权马耳他金融服务管理局(MFSA)“拥有必要的监管和调查权力”,比如“发布指令的权力,采用和发布规则,暂停交易或防范交易所交易的风险。”

The Cabinet of Malta has approved three bills related to cryptocurrency and blockchain technology. One bill in particular, the Virtual Financial Assets Bill, provides a regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies and initial coin offerings.

Crypto Bill Approved by Cabinet

The Cabinet of Malta approved three bills on Tuesday, one of which is the Virtual Financial Assets Bill that provides the regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies and initial coin offerings (ICOs), according to local media. The other two bills are the Malta Digital Innovation Authority Bill and the Technology Arrangements and Services Bill.

All three were also presented to the Parliament of Malta for its first reading on Tuesday. The next stage is a debate between both sides of the House before they are passed into law, the Malta Independent explained. The news outlet noted that Parliamentary Secretary for Financial Services, Digital Economy and Innovation, Silvio Schembri, “strongly believes” that:

Once new laws surrounding blockchain technology and cryptocurrency are enacted in Malta, banks would be less reluctant to welcome companies working in the industry, presumably due to the legal certainty it would provide.

He was also quoted by Malta Winds, saying, “As a government, we think that by regulating this market, it will ensure that the three main principles of financial regulation are adhered to and will be a market that protects the investor and provides market integrity and financial soundness.”

About the Three Bills

The Malta Digital Innovation Authority Bill establishes a new department named the Malta Digital Innovation Authority along with its duties and responsibilities. It also focuses on internal governance arrangements, explained Mamo TCV Advocates law firm. One of the key roles of the Authority is “the certification of DLT [Distributed Ledger Technology] platforms to ensure credibility and provide legal certainty to users wishing to make use of a DLT platform.”

The second piece of legislation, entitled the Technology Arrangements and Services Bill, deals with the registration of technology service providers and the certification of technology arrangements, such as concerning system administrators and auditors.

The Virtual Financial Assets Bill, the law firm described, focuses on ICOs “and the regulation in respect of certain service providers which will be involved in activities related to ICOs.” The firm added that “The bill will also outline the regulatory regime which will be applicable to cryptocurrency exchanges,” noting:

Malta has witnessed an exponential worldwide interest from exchanges seeking to relocate to Malta and issuers of ICOs wishing to launch from Malta. The proposed bill will further strengthen Malta’s position on the DLT front and solidify its reputation as a blockchain island.

Moreover, the bill empowers the Malta Financial Services Authority (MFSA) “with the necessary regulatory and investigatory powers” such as “the powers to issue directives, to adopt and publish rules, to require information…[and] to suspend either an ICO or the trading of a VC on an exchange.”


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