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俄罗斯国家杜马将审议数字经济提案,加密货币立法向前迈进一大步

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俄罗斯国家杜马将审议数字经济提案,加密货币立法向前迈进一大步

俄罗斯国家杜马的立法工作委员会将正式审议一项将数字经济的基本条例添加到俄罗斯联邦民法典中的提案。这是俄罗斯对加密货币监管采取的最新举措。

俄罗斯政党统一俄罗斯党(United Russia)的帕维尔·克拉西尼尼科夫(Pavel Krasheninnikov)和立法工作委员会主席告诉Izvestia称,该提议的目的是“将现有的利用数字货币将资产转移至不受监管的数字领域的风险最小化,这一领域便于将犯罪收入、破产欺诈或资助恐怖组织合法化。”

这项提案计划于下周进行审议,但这并不意味着数字货币将成为合法的支付手段。相反,由中央银行、财政部和经济发展部制定的一项单独的法律将为数字货币设定条件,允许其在“数量受控”的条件下进行支付。该倡议确实声称,用户在智能合约中的数字确认等同于他的书面同意。

今年3月,俄罗斯首先提出了一份“关于数字金融资产”的法案,该法案将为加密货币和ICO提供联邦法律监管,其灵感来自于俄罗斯总统弗拉基米尔·普京(Vladimir Putin)决定于7月1日启动加密监管的决定。

3月20日的草案将加密货币和数字代币定义为只能在授权交易所进行交易的资产,同时要求加密交易所的用户账户遵守AML和反恐融资规定。该法案的一份审查草案补充称,从4月中旬起,对价值超过9600美元法币的加密货币交易必须接受强制性的汇率管制。

莫斯科普列汉诺夫俄罗斯经济大学(Plekhanov University of Economics)的“律师区块链”项目主任伊戈尔·苏德茨(Igor Sudets)告诉Izvestia称,将加密货币和代币纳入俄罗斯联邦法律领域的意义非常重大,他说道:

“一方面,这是我们不能错过的机会。另一方面,它们处在法律的空白处,可以用来于贿赂,在破产的情况下套现,支付‘灰色薪水’,很容易被盗——对罪犯份子来说,没有后顾之忧。”

Russian State Duma’s Committee for Legislative Work will support the first reading of an initiative that will add the basic norms of digital economy to the Russian Federation Civil Code.  This is the latest step on the road to regulating cryptocurrency in the country, local news outlet Izvestia reports Wednesday, May 16.

Pavel Krasheninnikov of political party United Russia and head of the Legislative Work committee, told Izvestia that the initiative aims to “minimize the existing risks of using digital objects for transferring assets into an unregulated digital environment for legalization of criminal incomes, bankruptcy fraud or for sponsoring terrorist groups.”

The initiative, which is scheduled to be considered next week, does not mean that digital currencies will now become a legitimate means of payment. Instead, a separate law developed by the Central Bank, the Ministry of Finance, and the Ministry of Economic Development will set conditions for digital currencies to be used as payment “in controlled quantities.” The initiative does assert that digital confirmation by a user in a smart contract is equal to his written consent.

Russia first prepared a bill “On Digital Financial Assets” in March of this year, which would provide federal laws governing cryptocurrencies and Initial Coin Offerings (ICO) inspired by President Vladimir Putin’s decision to begin crypto regulation on July 1.

The March 20 draft defines crypto and digital tokens are assets only to be traded on authorized exchanges, also requiring user account at crypto exchanges to comply with AML and counter terrorism financing regulations. A review draft of the bill from mid-April added that the exchange of crypto for fiat above around $9,600 will be subject to mandatory currency exchange regulation.

Igor Sudets, the director of the program “Blockchain for Lawyers” at the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics in Moscow, told Izvestia that “it is important that the crypto currency and tokens are included in the legal field of the Russian Federation”:

“On the one hand, these are opportunities that we have no right to miss. On the other hand, while they are outside the legal field, they can be used to give bribes, withdraw money in the case of bankruptcy, pay ‘black salaries, and simply get stolen - with no repercussions [for criminals].”


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