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俄罗斯完成首笔区块链商业债券交易

传统金融的互联网化区块链国际资讯

俄罗斯完成首笔区块链商业债券交易

近日,俄罗斯联邦储蓄银行(Sberbank)和电信巨头MTS公司联合宣布,通过区块链技术完成了俄罗斯首笔商业债券交易。

MTS在一项声明中透露,它已经将价值7.5亿卢布(约为1200万美元)的商业债券存放在该国国家结算托管机构的专有区块链平台上,该平台是由智能合同技术驱动。

Sberbank表示,这是基于超级账本的一款由Linux基金会领导的超级账本联盟(Hyperledger consortium)开发的区块链软件,该区块链平台使得卢布计价商业债券的“全生命周期”得以实现。该银行补充说,智能合同的源代码可以在Github上找到,这展现了从配售到发行人履行义务、以及卢布结算在内高度透明的全过程。

作为私下交易的固定收益证券,商业债券通常被放在场外交易市场。该电信巨头表示,MTS的发行期限为6个月,年票面利率为6.8%。并且该交易是在假设证券和资金流动同时使用区块链的情况下,通过DVP(券款对付)的结算方式进行的,即记录交易的不可变分类帐。

该区块链平台还允许参与者列表随时间不断动态变化,并且可以将债券发行给更广泛的投资者。在此实例中,所有三方——发行方、中央托管和投资者,都可以通过去中心化的区块链分类账来处理交易。每个参与者都可以以数字化形式在线交换文档,并实时跟踪交易的状态,这大大加快了整个处理过程。

Sberbank高级副总裁兼该行投资部门负责人Igor Bulantsev首席执行官表示:

MTS债券发行不仅让我们进一步确认了区块链平台的可靠性、高效率和安全性等本质特征,在帮助我们处理结构复杂的证券交易的同时,也展示了这项技术给俄罗斯数字经济带来的发展潜力。

据之前的相关报道,2016年4月俄罗斯国家证券托管机构(NSD)开始测试基于区块链技术的投票系统,2017年10月宣布试用其债券测试平台。

The investment and corporate banking arm of Sberbank and telecom giant MTS have laid claim to conducting Russia’s first commercial bond transaction using blockchain technology.

In an announcement, MTS revealed it had placed commercial bonds worth RUB 750 million (approx. $12 million) on a proprietary blockchain platform provided by the country’s National Settlement Depository powered by smart contracts technology.

Based on the Hyperledger Fabric, a production-ready blockchain software developed by the open-source Linux Foundation-led Hyperledger consortium, the blockchain platform enabled the ‘complete securities lifecycle’ of the rouble-denominated commercial bond on a blockchain, Sberbank confirmed. The smart contracts’ source code ‘can be found on Github’, the bank added, revealing the highly transparency process from ‘placement to the issuer’s performance of its obligations, including settlement in roubles’ was facilitated by the blockchain.

As privately-traded fixed income securities, commercial bonds are commonly placed on the OTC market. The MTS were issued with a maturity period of six months and an annual coupon rate of 6.8 percent, the telecom giant said. ‘The transaction was executed via DVP (Delivery versus payment) settlement assuming simultaneous movement of securities and money using blockchain, the immutable ledger for recording transactions,’ MTS added.

The blockchain also enables the list of participants to change dynamically over time, allowing for the issuance of the bonds to a wider range of investors at a later time. In this instance, all three parties – the issuer, central depository and the investor, received access to the decentralized blockchain ledger to process the transaction. Each participant can digitally exchange documents online and track the status of the transaction in real-time ‘which considerably speeds up’ the overall process, Sberbank said.

Sberbank senior vice president and chief of Sberbank CIB Igor Bulantsev stated:

This MTS bond issue not only allowed us to confirm the reliability, efficiency and secure nature of the blockchain platform and carry out complex structured transactions involving securities, but also demonstrated the potential that this technology has to develop Russia’s digital economy.

As reported previously, Russia’s NSD first began testing blockchain technology as early as April 2016 for an e-proxy voting system, at the time. Since then, the authority has collaborated with the likes of its Chinese counterpart to develop blockchain applications in the post-trade space with a co-operative pact that would even grant ‘mutual access’ to each other’s markets.

In October 2017, the NSD announced trials of its bond trialing platform to successfully facilitate a 500 million rouble issue to Raiffeisenbank.


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