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手机拍照即可验真伪,IBM发布AI+区块链应用

5月24日,IBM研究院发布了Crypto Anchor Verifier,一款以人工智能(AI)驱动的伪造品检测器。用户可以使用手机的相机和相关区块链技术来验证物品的真实性。

工作原理:

以检测钻石为例。拿出手机,打开应用,然后拍摄照片。 IBM的AI会确定这颗钻石的独特之处,然后将其在区块链分类账中的钻石数据库中进行比对。如果找到对应的钻石,AI即可验证这颗钻石的真实性。

IBM研究院的研究员Donna Dillenberger表示:

“我们正在开发Verifier AI软件以帮助更多行业实现这一功能。使用Verifier,可以帮助供应链转变并大幅度减少全球范围内的假冒伪劣产品。”

这意味着什么:

IBM表示,这项技术可以用来检测包括葡萄酒和纸币在内几乎任何东西的真实性。它依靠图像处理技术,利用机器来看到人们无法看到的东西。

区块链技术的核心是一种旨在消除信任需求的技术。不幸的是,在“区块链”上放置物理对象是不可能的。但是幸运的是,可以使用计算机视觉将一个物品独特的外观信息放置、存储在区块链上。

但是,不要指望智能手机能够在短时间内成为全视全知的普罗维顿斯之眼。举个例子,为了让Verifier保护消费者避免购买假冒的《神奇四侠》第4期漫画,漫威公司将不得不在区块链分类账本上注册每本漫画的信息。AI必须有一个以前验证过物品的版本,以便稍后对物品进行验证。基本上,公司必须要在产品推向市场之前将信息录入数据库。

考虑到假冒伪劣产品每年对美国公司造成的损失超过6000亿美元,这项技术可能会受到市场的欢迎。

IBM Research today unveiled its Crypto Anchor Verifier, an AI-powered counterfeit detector that verifies an item’s authenticity using your phone’s camera and blockchain technology.

How it works:

You pull out your phone, open an app, and take a pic of, for example, a diamond. IBM’s AI determines what is unique about this particular diamond, and then compares it to a database of gems contained within a blockchain ledger. If it’s found, the AI can verify the authenticity of the diamond.

Donna Dillenberger, IBM Fellow, IBM Research told TNW:

We are creating Verifier AI software to help many industries. Using Verifier, one can help transform supply chains and drastically reduce counterfeits on a global scale.

What it means:

IBM says this tech can be adapted to detect the authenticity of just about anything from wine to paper money. It relies on image processing, and the fact that machines can see things people can’t.

Blockchain, at its core, is a technology designed to eliminate the need for trust. Unfortunately it’s not possible to put a physical object on “the blockchain.” The next best thing is using computer vision to put an object’s unique appearance on it.

But don’t expect an all-seeing, all-knowing eye to sprout from our smart phones anytime soon. In order for this to protect consumers from purchasing, let’s say, a counterfeit Fantastic Four #4, Marvel would have to register each one in a blockchain ledger. The AI has to have a previously verified version of an individual object in order to verify it later – essentially companies have to opt-in before products reach the market.

Considering counterfeiting costs US companies more than $600 billion per year, this technology might just catch on.


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