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爱沙尼亚暂时搁置国家加密货币计划

全新的互联网金融模式国际资讯

爱沙尼亚暂时搁置国家加密货币计划

爱沙尼亚一直都是东欧地区数字化发展的领军者。今年早些时候,爱沙尼亚政府曾经表示计划发行国家加密货币。然而,这一计划却遭到了欧洲央行行长、意大利经济学家Mario Draghi的批评。

Mario Draghi指出,欧元才是欧盟地区唯一的货币,任何欧盟国家都不应当独立发行自己的货币。

对此,爱沙尼亚信息技术战略负责人Siri Skikkut表示,爱沙尼亚可能会改变原有的国家加密货币计划。按照新计划,这个所谓的加密货币不会与欧元挂钩,也不是所有爱沙尼亚公民都有机会获得这个加密货币。相反,只有外国居民(即获得爱沙尼亚电子身份证明的外籍人士)才能获得这个加密货币,并利用其在电子身份识别系统中签署文件并远程设立公司。

据了解,爱沙尼亚从2014年开始启动电子身份系统,累计向芬兰、俄罗斯和乌克兰等国的3.5万公民发放了这款电子身份证明。

不过,近日曝出的一场洗钱丑闻彻底终结了爱沙尼亚的电子货币计划。上个月末来自警方的调查显示,从2012年到2016年,经过爱沙尼亚进行的洗钱总额高达130多亿美元(约合110亿欧元)。据爱沙尼亚金融情报室(FIU)年度报告统计,仅2012年爱沙尼亚金融系统就“处理”了来自俄罗斯的73亿欧元的债券,这笔资金最后流入了几十个辖区和上千家企业。

爱沙尼亚警方称,随着俄罗斯银行关闭,今年可能会发生更多洗钱活动。

Estonia has shelved plans to develop its own national cryptocurrency after the idea prompted criticism by banking authorities and Mario Draghi, the Italian economist and president of the European Central Bank.

Bloomberg, citing Siim Sikkut, an official who heads up the information technology strategy for the Eastern European country, reported it had planned to peg the cryptocurrency to the euro or would offer the digital tokens to all of its citizens — but instead they will be offered to foreigners who use its electronic identification system to sign documents and set up companies remotely, otherwise known as e-residents. “We agreed in discussions with politicians that Estcoin will proceed as a means for transactions inside the e-resident community,” Sikkut said. “Other options aren’t on the table. We’re not building a new currency,” the official told Bloomberg.  According to the report, there are more than 35,000 identification cards issued for people outside the country, with most of them going to residents of Finland, Russia, and Ukraine. The e-residency program was launched in 2014.

Estonia, which is among the most tech-friendly countries in eastern Europe, had been a leader in potentially issuing a national cryptocurrency, but the plan was criticized by Draghi earlier in the year when he said the euro can be the only currency in the country. “No member state can introduce its own currency; the currency of the eurozone is the euro,” Draghi said back in September, according to the report.

The termination of plans to create a national cryptocurrency comes amid a money laundering scandal in which the police said late last month that more than $13 billion (or about €11 billion) was laundered through banks in Estonia between 2012 and 2016. Much of the money was reportedly laundered through bank accounts belonging to non-residents, Reuters reported. “In 2012, more than €7.3 billion in securities from Russia were processed through the Estonian financial system. The proceeds were transferred to dozens of jurisdictions and thousands of companies for various goods and services,” Estonia’s Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) wrote in its annual report. Police in Estonia said more money laundering could take place this year with the closure of Russian banks.


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