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泰国立法解决加密货币归属问题

近日,泰国政府通过了一项全新立法,解决了该国一直以来在加密货币领域的争论。

货币还是证券?何不两者兼有?

这项刚刚通过的法律被称为《数字资产商业法令》。根据规定,监管者定义了两种数字资产。“加密货币”是指用作交换商品的媒介,而“数字代币”被定义为参与投资或获得特定商品的权利。

也就是说,数字资产既可以是货币,也可以是证券,这取决于代币的预期目的。

该国也推出了相应治理规则来管理允许实体参与的数字资产活动。这些受到监管的主体包括:

  1. 数字资产交易所;
  2. 数字资产经纪商;
  3. 数字资产交易;
  4. 财政部规定的其他数字资产相关的活动。

泰国财政部也负责加密货币交易所的注册和执照颁发。

泰国证券交易委员会主席Archari Suppiroj表示,委员会希望借此在反对加密货币者和把加密货币用于赌博者之间达成监管平衡。她同时指出监管条例必须谨慎实行和设置,太过严格的方式也许会导致投资者离场。

ICO也在监管之下

该国也在逐步实行措施解决ICO带来的问题。该国已经要求ICO必须获得财政部许可,并采用正式化过程的方式,类似于发行股票或债券。

该项法律也规定了ICO众筹网站需要做一些必要措施,保证代币发行后至少监督一年,同时维持500万泰铢(约157,000美元)的储备资金。

Thailand is taking a rather proactive approach towards regulating the field of cryptocurrencies. In search of legislative balance, the country passed a new law which is putting an end to a long-standing debate.

CURRENCY OR SECURITY? WHY NOT BOTH?

Skipping the debate that regulators across the world are seemingly unable to settle on, Thailand has passed an entirely new law defining digital assets as both currencies and securities — depending on their intended purpose.

Under the Digital Asset Business Decree, as the law is dubbed, regulators define two types of digital assets. “Cryptocurrencies” are used as a medium for exchanging goods, while “digital tokens” are defined as rights to take part in an investment or to receive specific goods.

The country has also set forth rules for governing the digital asset activities that entities are allowed to engage in. These include “(1) a digital asset trading center/exchange; (2) digital asset brokerage; (3) digital asset trading; and (4) other activities related to digital assets as specified by the Minister of Finance.”

Thailand has also mandated cryptocurrency exchanges be registered and licensed with the Ministry of Finance.

According to Archari Suppiroj, director of Thailand’s SEC, the move stems from the intention of the commission to strike a regulatory balance between those who are against cryptocurrencies and those who use them for gambling purposes. She also noted that regulations have to be approached and instituted carefully as a too-strict approach may drive investors away.

ICOS ARE ALSO UNDER THE RADAR

The country is also taking measurable steps towards resolving issues surrounding Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs). The country has required ICOs to obtain permission from the Ministry of Finance and has also formalized the process in a manner which is comparable to issuing an equity or debt.

The decree also stipulated that ICO portals need to do what’s necessary in order to oversee their offerings for at least year while maintaining 5 million baht (roughly around $157,000) of underlying capital.


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