最有看点的互联网金融门户

最有看点的互联网金融门户
区块链国际资讯

印度汽车行业将开发区块链供应商管理系统,每年交易20亿笔

区块链国际资讯

印度汽车行业将开发区块链供应商管理系统,每年交易20亿笔

印度汽车制造商和零部件公司决定建立基于区块链技术的供应商管理系统,每年将大约20亿笔交易转移到新平台上。

该区块链项目开发计划将由Mahindra Group和Bajaj Electricals公司共同完成。

今年1月,Hero MotoCorp首席信息官Vijay Sethi在Bajaj的普纳制造工厂与一些汽车行业的利益相关者进行了讨论。讨论的内容是将基于云计算可以用来开发票、发布采购订单和发货通知的平台autoDX放到区块链上。

Sethi在接受FactorDaily采访时表示:

我们正在研究如何将其应用到区块链上,我们已经就这个内容开始讨论,规模很大,涉及全行业。

区块链是一种去中心化非分布式账本,通过被称为节点的计算机网络维护。可以把它想象成一本由许多人分享和更新的大记事本。如果没有每个人同意改变,区块链上的数据就不会被修改。此外,记录本不是存储在一个地方,而是分布在各个记录员手中,以确保没有单一的像集中数据库那样的点对记录进行篡改。这使得区块链几乎无法破解,安全,而且,对于政府来说,最重要的是防止流失。像比特币这样的加密货币就是建立在区块链技术之上的,但本项目与比特币无关。

Sethi表示:

为什么Bajaj 公司会同意Hero公司的这种工作方式?因为通过这种方式可以建立起全行业标准化,并且,成本明显地比单独建平台更低。

当汽车制造商(也被称为OEM,为原始设备制造商的简称)和零部件制造商被引入区块链时,预计它将为所有相关人员带来清晰的端到端供应链的可见性。例如,一个拥有OEM生产线和计划可见性的组件制造商将能够更好地规划其整体库存管理和供应链,从而提高效率。

咨询公司普华永道合伙人Sreeram Ananthasayanam表示:

如果顶级OEM厂商走到一起,为汽车零部件领域打造基于区块链的联合方式,如果成功实施,必将为该行业带来价值。

根据研究公司Gartner的数据,在过去的三年里,全球范围内对于建立区块链解决方案的投资已经达到17亿美元,预计到2025年将达到1750亿美元。印度的区块链的部署还处于萌芽阶段。

autoDX这种模式事实上并不新鲜。印度汽车制造商协会(SIAM)和汽车零部件制造商协会(ACMA)早在2010年就联合决定在IBM技术公司的帮助下建立这种模式。Sethi是SIAM信息技术委员会的主席。

一个中等规模的零部件制造商,将零部件平均销售给10到20家汽车制造商,或者在某些情况下,甚至会销售给更多的汽车制造商。大多数汽车制造商使用不同的软件来运行相同的功能。在某些情况下,在同一OEM厂商的不同工厂中使用不同的系统。

对OEM厂商和供应商之间的沟通进行标准化是很重要的。无论是从Hero的终端还是其他公司的购买订单,都应该采用相同的格式。也有一些汽车公司已经提出了建议。

Sethi表示:

我们必须规范采购订单中应该有的东西。

在2014年的行业活动汽车博览会上,autoDX出现了。来自OEM的采购订单会自动进入组件制造商的系统。当它被接受的时候,会自动创建一个销售订单而不需要任何人工干预。

Sethi表示:

材料代码和材料发票是不会错的。所有的低效率和不准确的方面都没有了。

今天,在autoDX上有超过60家公司,该平台在过去一年中注册了20亿笔交易。供应商管理、发票和供应链管理以及其他相关成本占了OEM厂商总成本的1%到5%(包括工资、流失和技术),其中近80%的成本已经被autoDX自动化所削减。

虽然像Mahindra和Bajaj这样的公司已经开始构建自己的区块链技术,但为OEM厂商和零部件公司提供区块链技术,扩大其应用范围,大家可以想象一下,每年有20亿笔交易。

ACMA的总干事Vinnie Mehta说:

关于区块链的讨论正在进行,技术变化非常迅速。我们需要不断更新信息,以保持相关性。

In the biggest open ledger initiatives in India to date, automakers and component companies have decided to implement a successful vendor management system on blockchain technology, potentially porting some two billion transactions a year to the new platform.

This is the first such initiative involving a large industry: automobile manufacturing revenues in India touch almost Rs 700,000 crore, with another Rs 300,000 crore registered by auto components makers.

The blockchain development plan follows pilots done by Mahindra Group and Bajaj Electricals.

In January this year, Vijay Sethi, chief information officer of Hero MotoCorp was at Bajaj’s manufacturing plant in Pune, holding discussions with a few auto industry stakeholders. The discussion was about taking autoDX – a cloud-based platform for invoices, purchase orders and shipping notices – to the next level by putting it on a blockchain.

“We are looking at how to put this on the blockchain,” said Sethi, in an interview with FactorDaily. “Discussions on putting things on blockchain has started – this will be on an industry-wide scale.”

Blockchain is a decentralised, distributed, digital ledger maintained across a network of computers, called nodes. Think of it as a large record book shared and updated by many people. No data on the blockchain can be modified without everyone agreeing to the change. Also, the record book is not stored in one place but instead is distributed among the bookkeepers ensuring that there is no single point – as in the case of a centralised database – where the records can be tampered. This makes blockchain virtually unhackable, secure, and, importantly for government use cases, leakage proof. Cryptocurrencies, like Bitcoin, are built on blockchain technology but this story is not on them.

Platform economics

Sethi has his reasons why a company-agnostic blockchain works. “Why would a Bajaj agree with Hero (MotoCorp)’s way of working,” he asked. That is why an industry-wide standardisation finds takers, besides obvious costs benefits over the cost of individually building platforms.

When automobile makers (also known as OEMs, short for original equipment manufacturers) and component manufacturers are brought onto the blockchain, it is expected to bring clear end-to-end supply chain visibility to everyone involved. For example, a component manufacturer having visibility of an OEM’s manufacturing line and plans will be able to better plan its overall inventory management and supply chain — thereby improving efficiency.

“We are looking at how to put this on the blockchain,” saidVijay Sethi, chief information officer of Hero MotoCorp. “Discussions on putting things on blockchain has started – this will be on an industry-wide scale.”

“Such implementations will be far more successful and bring value to the sector if top OEMs get together and create a joint approach towards blockchain for auto components,” said Sreeram Ananthasayanam, partner at consultancy firm PwC.

In the past three years, according to research firm Gartner, investments of $1.7 billion has gone into building blockchain solutions globally and is expected to reach $175 billion by 2025. In India, the deployments of blockchain are at a nascent stage.

Vendor management on blockchain

autoDX is not new. Auto industry lobby groups, Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM) and Auto Components Manufacturers Association (ACMA) came together as early as 2010 and decided to build it with the help of technology firm IBM. Sethi chairs SIAM’s information technology committee.

So how does the platform work?

A mid-to-large sized component maker on an average sells to 10 to 20 automakers or in some instances, even more. Most of them used different software to run the same function – and, in some cases, different systems at different factories within the same OEM.

It was important to standardise the communication between OEMs and suppliers. Whether it is a purchase order from Hero’s end or any other company, it should be in the same format, some of the auto companies had proposed. “We had to standardise what are the things that should be there in a purchase order,” said Sethi.

Finally, at the 2014 edition of industry event Auto Expo, autoDX was launched. A purchase order from an OEM is automatically docked into its component maker’s system. The moment it is accepted, it automatically creates a sales order without any manual intervention. “The material code and the material invoicing cannot be mistaken. All inefficiencies and inaccuracies go out,” said Sethi.

Today, over 60 companies are on autoDX and the platform has registered two billion transactions in the last one year.

Vendor management, invoices, and supply chain management, and other related costs make for between 1% and 5% of total cost (including wages, leakages and technology) for OEMs — close to 80% of this cost has been shaved off with the autoDX automation.

On to the next stage

While companies like Mahindra and Bajaj have already started building their own blockchain technology, having one blockchain for the OEMs and component companies takes the technology to a much larger scale — imagine two billion transactions annually on a blockchain just to start with.

“The discussions (on the blockchain) are on and the technologies are changing very fast,” said Vinnie Mehta, director general of ACMA. “We need to keep updating to stay relevant.”

Hero’s Sethi explained that a universal blockchain also takes away the cost and time from individual companies to build a blockchain. The same blockchain architecture can be used by all autoDX members. “There will one universal blockchain for the supply chain,” he said.

The idea is to extend it to payments and financial transactions.

The project won’t be easy to implement, an expert said. “Like any other tech development talent is always a challenge, even in blockchain. While building and scaling (up) will not be much of problem, key management will be an issue,” said Nilesh Trivedi, founder of Indium, an Ethereum-compatible blockchain network.


用微信扫描可以分享至好友和朋友圈

扫描二维码或搜索微信号“iweiyangx”
关注未央网官方微信公众号,获取互联网金融领域前沿资讯。

发表评论

发表评论

您的评论提交后会进行审核,审核通过的留言会展示在下方留言区域,请耐心等待。

评论

您的个人信息不会被公开,请放心填写! 标记为的是必填项

取消

CFPB将推出区块链监管沙箱

链创国际资讯 54分钟前

2022年全球区块链产业支出将达到近120亿美元

Christine ... | 鸵鸟创投媒... 2天前

区块链创企Nervos Network获得2800万美元融资

Angela Ten... | VENTURE BE... 07-20

印度精英阶层Fintech覆盖率已达23%

Kyon | 白鲸出海 07-20

携手金融科技公司,星展银行拓展印度市场业务

Atmadip Ra... | ECONOMIC T... 07-19

版权所有 © 清华大学五道口金融学院互联网金融实验室 | 京ICP备17044750号-1