联合国成立数字合作特别工作组,专注区块链和AI - 互联网金融门户 未央网

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联合国成立数字合作特别工作组,专注区块链和AI

据外媒报道,联合国秘书长安东尼奥·古特雷斯(António Guterres )宣布成立一个数字合作特别工作组,该工作组的联合主席包括阿曼迪普·吉尔(Amandeep Gill)大使、美国慈善家梅琳达·盖茨、以及电商巨头阿里巴巴创始人马云。此外,二十多名小组成员均来自工商界、社会民间组织和学术界里的知名人士。他们希望利用数字技术增强全球经济和社会的影响力。

安东尼奥·古特雷斯认为,数字技术正在以前所未有的规模和速度在发展,如果不关注区块链和人工智能,就意味着没有进入到web 3.0时代,联合国希望探索人权、隐私、民主等各种不同领域,促成共识、加强合作。

事实上,数字转型充满机遇,但也存在一定风险,比如全球网络攻击和数据篡改事件不断增加。因此,联合国数字合作特别工作组将把工作重心放在区块链和人工智能解决方案上。

值得一提的是,电商巨头阿里巴巴创始人马云也是该工作组的联合主席。最近马云公开表示区块链技术对人类未来的影响可能远远超出我们的想象,此外阿里巴巴子公司蚂蚁金服在两年前就开始探索区块链技术,并且投入了140亿美元用于区块链技术开发。

此外,联合国也一直在探索区块链技术,希望它能在人道主义救助领域里发挥作用。现阶段,联合国的区块链技术应用包括:

  1. 使用加密货币优惠券为叙利亚难民提供帮助;
  2. 基于区块链技术的数字身份系统试点项目,打击全球儿童贩卖犯罪活动;
  3. 联合国世界粮食计划署(WFP)区块链项目,解决贫困地区饥饿问题,已获比利时政府200万美元捐助。

The United Nations’ (UN) Secretary-General António Guterres has created a ‘High-Level Panel on Digital Cooperation,’ which explicitly puts blockchain technology on the agenda,  UN News revealed yesterday, July 12.

The panel, said to be “the first of its kind,” will gather 20 eminent figures from industry, civil society and academia to tackle the impact of digital technologies on global economies and societies –– an impact ongoing at “unprecedented scale” and “warp speed,” in Guterres’ words.

Representing the new body on behalf of the UN Secretariat, Executive Director and co-chair, Ambassador Amandeep Gill, said:

“You cannot look at ‘web 3.0’ without looking at blockchain or without looking at AI (Artificial Intelligence) [...] our hope is that through discussion of these various digital domains [...] in terms of human rights, in terms of privacy, in terms of subversion of democracy, we are able to come out with some common principles...of strengthening cooperation across borders.”

Gill emphasized “the opportunities and the risks and the unintended consequences” of digital transformation, citing mounting concern about both cyber-attacks and suspected election-tampering.

The ambassador considered that the panel’s “cross-cutting” approach to new technologies such as blockchain and AI would enable it to “maximize” its impact over the course of its nine-month mandate.

The Secretary-General has also revealed the panel’s co-chairs as being U.S. philanthropist Melinda Gates and Jack Ma, the founder of Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba.

As Cointelegraph reported, Ma introduced blockchain technology through Alibaba affiliate Ant Financial as early as summer 2016. The firm has since raised $14 billion for blockchain development, and recently successfully trialled its first blockchain remittances.

With Ma recently affirming “that the impact of blockchain on the future of humans may be far beyond our imagination,” his co-chairmanship of the new UN panel signals a positive step for global dissemination of the technology.

For its part, the UN has long been exploring multiple –– largely humanitarian –– use cases for blockchain, beginning with its use of the Ethereum blockchain to transfer coupons based on cryptocurrencies to refugees in Syria.

Since then, it has also piloted a blockchain-based digital identity system designed to combat child trafficking globally. This April, the Belgian government contributed €2 mln to promote a blockchain project by the World Food Programme (WFP), which would allow the UN to use the technology to fight hunger in impoverished areas.


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