美国监管机构绿灯放行,数字货币或将成为有价证券 - 互联网金融门户 未央网

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美国监管机构绿灯放行,数字货币或将成为有价证券

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美国监管机构绿灯放行,数字货币或将成为有价证券

Coinbase 公司是最受欢迎的虚拟货币(cryptocurrency)平台之一,在美国监管机构的绿灯放行下,公司推进了三起收购,或将一举成为首批由联邦监管的数字货币交易平台,数字货币也有望成为有价证券。

本周一, Coinbase 发言人表示,美国证券交易委员会和美国金融业监管局批准了公司收购 Keystone Capital 、Venovate Marketplace 和 Digital Wealth的请求。这些收购推进了所谓的证券代币化,也将该业务置于联邦监管之下。

Coinbase总部坐落在旧金山。公司于六月表示,国家监管机构的放行等于赋予了公司替代交易系统许可(ATS)、注册投资顾问(RIA)许可和经济自营商身份。替代交易系统在传统的公共证券交易所之外运作。受监管的交易平台最终可能会以 ICO 形式交易数亿美元的代币。据 CoinSchedule 的数据显示,尽管美国、中国和其他国家不断打击 ICO,但 Coinbase 已在本年通过数次 ICO 筹集了 120 多亿美元,甚至超越了去年的三倍水平。美国证券交易委员会已经表示,大多数货币都是证券,这意味着发行人必须和平台交易一样登记,同时遵守联邦法律。

Coinbase 并非场上唯一的选手,其竞争对手 Circle Internet Financial 于上月表示,公司正在向美国证券交易委员会申请注册为经纪商和交易场所,以便投资者买卖代币。该公司还计划申请联邦银行许可,为客户提供更多的服务。

发言人表示,Coinbase 下一步计划将技术融入新的子公司,但没有披露具体时间。Coinbase 于上周五宣布,公司计划推出五种全新数字货币,分别为 Cardano、Basic Attention Token、Stellar、Zcash 和 Ox,如果它们确实能扩充数字资产,那么此举将成为 Coinbase 的转折点,不过目前公司只允许客户交易 Bitcoin、Bitcoin Cash、Ether 和 Litecoin。然而 Coinbase 也作出了说明,这五种虚拟货币是否能成为证券还难下定论,因为出于法律考虑,某些资产只能在部分国家获准。

Coinbase Inc., one of the most popular cryptocurrency platforms, said it got the green light to move forward with a trio of acquisitions that could allow it to become one of the first federally regulated venues for trading digital coins deemed to be securities.

The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority approved Coinbase's purchase of Keystone Capital Corp., Venovate Marketplace Inc. and Digital Wealth LLC, a company spokesman said Monday. The acquisitions could help enable the firm to offer so-called security tokens, and also place the businesses under more federal oversight. Coinbase has primarily been regulated by a patchwork of state authorities.

The move provides Coinbase licenses to operate as a broker dealer, an alternative trading system and a registered investment adviser, the San Francisco-based company said in June. Alternative trading systems operate outside traditional public stock exchanges.

On Tuesday, Coinbase provided an update on its ongoing talks with regulators, showing it still has some work to do before its customers can trade security tokens.

"Being approved to take ownership of these licensed entities is one more step toward our ultimate goal of allowing our customers to trade securities tokens on our platform," Elliott Suthers, a spokesman, said in an emailed statement. "There are many more steps and conversations needed with regulators before this journey's complete."

Regulated trading platforms could eventually handle billions of dollars in tokens sold by companies in initial coin offerings. Despite a crackdown by the U.S., China and other countries, companies have already raised more than $12 billion through ICOs in 2018, more than triple what they did all of last year, according to market tracker CoinSchedule. The SEC has said most of the coins are securities, which means issuers must register and comply with federal laws -- as do platforms that handle trading.

Coinbase isn't the only runner in the race. One of its competitors, Circle Internet Financial Ltd., said last month that it intends to pursue registration as a brokerage and trading venue with the SEC so it can help investors buy and sell tokens deemed to be securities. The firm also plans to seek a federal banking license to provide more services to customers.

The next step for Coinbase is integrating its technology into the new subsidiaries, the spokesman said, without providing a timeline. That means making sure employees have the proper licenses and reviewing how the company reports data and onboards customers.

Coinbase said Friday that it's looking into letting users trade five new digital coins -- Cardano, Basic Attention Token, Stellar, Zcash and Ox -- but can't guarantee it will list the tokens. If it does add the assets, the move would signal a turning point for Coinbase, which currently only lets customers trade Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Ether and Litecoin. The announcement doesn't mean the firm has determined that the five coins aren't securities, Coinbase said, noting that some of the assets may only be available in certain countries for legal reasons.


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