监管框架不明导致印度80%区块链企业外迁 - 互联网金融门户 未央网

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监管框架不明导致印度80%区块链企业外迁

一项针对印度100多名开发者的调查显示,如果印度政府不尽快采取强有力的监管框架,印度80%以上的区块链开发商将被迫迁往国外,或只在外国项目上工作。

区块链社区Incrypt主导了这项历时6个月的研究,研究主要关注当前的监管环境对印度的核心发展活动和区块链创业产生什么样的影响。

调查结果显示,由于印度政府在整合区块链框架方面的拖延,正导致印度人民工作机会缺失、资金注入缺乏、地方问题缺乏创新、人才流失以及全球定位的倒退。

Incrypt的创始人Nitin Sharma表示:

区块链项目提供了很多新的工作机会,全职的前端和后端工程师需求很大。印度需要迅速采取行动,制定适当的法规来管理相关领域的风险,来吸引全球范围内的投资入场。

报告称:

政府缺乏主动性已经迫使许多区块链开发者和创业公司将他们的住所转移到新加坡、迪拜、爱沙尼亚和瑞士等国家,这些国家为创业公司提供了税收优惠等好处。

4月6日,印度储备银行(RBI)通知银行停止向印度的交易所和加密货币相关业务提供服务。这对印度的区块链企业家、开发者和交易所都造成了影响。在Niti Aayog的领导下成立的一个委员会正在撰写一篇论文,以强调区块链技术的潜在用途。

为此,Niti Aayog组织了一个委员会,该委员会正在撰写一篇强调区块链技术的潜在用途的论文。

《华尔街日报》的报道显示,比特币或其他任何加密资产对于获得区块链技术的价值都没什么大用处,这一观点对创新生态系统造成了负面影响。例如,在全球范围内,有成千上万的开源和自由职业者的工作机会来支持像以太坊、恒星、小蚁、柚子等大型公共区块链项目,还有数百个新兴的ICO项目,这些项目都需要技术、营销或咨询人才。

这当中的许多项目都有代币激励措施。这意味着,这些项目的工作报酬通常是加密货币。该报告称:

印度开发者获得代币后,如果没有合法的方式将它们转换成印度卢比,大多数有心想进入该领域的人可能也会觉得他们的动机毫无价值。

政府的“区块链,而不是比特币”的表态,让印度的开发者付出了代价,他们被迫转入地下,用现金或其他可能是非法活动的渠道进行交易。

此外,在产品开发的测试和用户验证阶段也需要代币。Sharma表示:

印度政府这样的态度,已经严重阻碍了数十个这样的项目的发展。现有的监管机构必须意识到,这将使印度在核心协议或分布式应用开发方面倒退好几年。

就技能而言,印度200万软件开发者中,只有5000人(占25%)的人拥有区块链技术技能。

而从资本角度来讲,区块链创业公司的风险投资方面,印度落后于其他国家,过去两年的融资额仅为530万美元,而在全球范围内投资于区块链股票交易的资金则超过20亿美元。

总部位于班加鲁的区块链社区还表示,实现ICO融资监管将显著改善早期风险投资的融资渠道。

Incrypt表示,公链的潜在创新跨越了微电网、金融包容性、资产质量和流动性、健康记录和数据市场。需要通过公链来实现互联网更多的价值。

Over 80% of blockchain developers in India will be forced to move abroad or work only on foreign projects if the government does not adopt a robust regulatory framework soon, according to a survey of over 100 developers.

The research, conducted by blockchain community, Incrypt, over a period of six months focuses on how the current regulatory climate is affecting core development activity and blockchain entrepreneurship in India. The survey has found that delay in putting together a framework for blockchain is causing India to lose out on jobs, drag in capital infusion, lack of innovation for local problems, talent flight, and setback in global positioning.

“Blockchain projects are creating new job categories, leading to hiring more fullstack, front-end and back-end engineers globally,” said Nitin Sharma, founder of Incrypt. “At a time when IT services industry is losing jobs, India needs to move fast in putting in place appropriate regulations to manage risks and attract global investment in blockchain.”

The government’s lack of initiative has already forced many blockchain developers and startups shift their domicile to nations like Singapore, Dubai, Estonia and Switzerland that offer tax incentives and e-residency for startups, the report said.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on April 6 notified banks to stop offering services to exchanges and crypto-related businesses in India. This has taken a toll on blockchain entrepreneurs, developers, and exchanges in India. A committee formed under Niti Aayog is working on a paper to highlight the prospective use of blockchain technology.

According to the Incrypt paper, the notion that bitcoin or any crypto asset is not necessary to derive value of blockchain technology adversely affects the innovation ecosystem. For instance, globally, there are thousands of open source and freelance job opportunities to support large public blockchain projects like Ethereum, Stellar, Neo, EOS, etc. There are also hundreds of emerging Initial Coin Offering (ICO) projects that need technical, marketing or advisory talent.

Many of these projects come with tokenbased incentives. Which means, payments for working on these projects are often in cryptocurrencies.

“An Indian developer may be able to receive tokens but if there is no legal way to convert it into Indian rupees, a majority of prospective professionals may be deterred by the possibility that these incentives may be worthless in India or whether the government will consider their work noncompliant in any way,” the report said.

These tokens often come with a vesting schedule for employees. The government’s ‘Blockchain, not bitcoin’ approach is costing the Indian developer who is forced to go underground and deal in cash or other channels that may essentially be illegal activities.

In addition, tokens are also required in the testing and user validation phase of product development.

“The absence of users with such access or capabilities in India is already severely hurting the viability and ease of dozens of such projects in India,” Sharma said. “Existing regulators must realise that this will set India back by several years as far as core protocol or distributed app development is concerned.”

This has also caused a set back on the skilling front, as highlighted by hiring-solutions provider Belong Technologies. Only 5,000 (0.25%) of the 2 million software developers in India currently have the right blockchain skills.

On the capital front, the report stated that India is trailing behind in terms of VC funding for blockchain startups, with a minuscule $5.3 million raised in the last two years, as opposed to over $2 billion invested in blockchain equity deals globally. The Bengaluru-based blockchain community also suggests that regulating fundraising through ICOs will significantly improve access to capital for early stage ventures.

The report notes that public blockchains are needed to unlock the internet of value. Incrypt said potential innovations of adopting public blockchains spans across micro grids, financial inclusion, asset quality and liquidity, heath records, and data marketplaces.


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