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日本金融厅公布虚拟货币交易所中期检查报告

来自日本金融厅(FSA)官网的消息显示, 日本金融厅已经于8月10日正式公布了数字货币交易所中期检查报告。

报告中称,数字货币交易所总资产规模与上一财年相比迅速扩大,平均增幅553%。去年秋季以来各交易所业务扩张迅速,但内部管理系统的维护没有跟上。

在未来的监督对策方面,日本金融厅表示,对已注册交易所,将改进并持续更新风险分析方法,继续进行现场检查和深度监测,一旦确认问题存在,将采取必要的行政手段。日本金融厅补充称,未来将继续与自律组织、国内外相关政府部门展开合作。

此前据报道,日本金融厅(FSA)曾对外表示将对国内数字货币交易所采取进一步监管。新的监管框架包括保护投资者的措施、试图重新改造交易所内部管理系统。

报道称,日本金融厅(FSA)已经宣布将对数字货币交易所采取更加严厉的监管,并对此提出了新议程:每日需多次监控处于可疑波动客户账户;将客户资产与交易所资产区分管理;仅在线下系统存储数字货币持仓。在隐私类数字货币方面,FSA登记注册的交易所将面临严格限制。

Japan’s financial watchdog, the Financial Services Agency (FSA), has published the results of its on-site inspections of cryptocurrency exchange operators, Cointelegraph Japan reports August 10.

Based on its findings, the watchdog has decided to apply more rigorous oversight into new applications from exchanges hoping to receive an official operating license. Newly registered exchanges will be required to undergo on-site inspections at an early stage and the agency plans to closely examine the effectiveness of their business models.

According to the agency, there are currently “hundreds” of companies awaiting its review.

The FSA probe revealed that exchange operators’ maintenance of their internal control systems has failed to keep pace with the rapid growth of transaction volumes, which it partly attributed to the “renaissance” of the crypto markets in fall 2017.

According to the investigations, the total digital assets of domestic exchanges surged to 792.8 billion yen ($7.1 billion), an over six-fold increase within the space of one year. Meanwhile, most exchanges’ workforces are fewer than 20 people, meaning that one employee on average was found to be managing digital assets worth 3.3 billion yen ($29.7 million).

The comprehensive document identified a wide array of problems across exchanges’ business models, risk management and compliance, internal audits, and corporate governance. The agency further highlighted concerns over insufficient anti-money laundering (AML) measures among certain exchanges.

Local news platform Nikkei has reported that it is likely the new registration of exchange operators — which had virtually stopped in the wake of January’s $532 mln hack of crypto exchange Coincheck — will resume following the FSA’s interim publication.

The FSA has said that “substantial” ongoing review of registration procedures will be necessary, and that it will continue to give “priority to investor protection.”

In May, the FSA unrolled regulatory stipulations for registered exchanges, including tough restrictions on the trading of anonymity-oriented altcoins.

In July, the FSA announced it was considering changing the legal framework for the regulation of cryptocurrency exchanges, and the agency was also recently restructured in order improve its handling of fintech-related areas, including cryptocurrencies.

A self-regulatory body, the Japan Virtual Currency Exchange Association (JVCEA), formed in early March in order to develop and coordinate policies in conjunction with the FSA. Last month, JVCEA announced it would be requiring its members to place maximum limits on the volumes traded by their customers.


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