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俄罗斯国家养老基金计划使用区块链管理劳动合同数据

区块链国际资讯

俄罗斯国家养老基金计划使用区块链管理劳动合同数据

据当地日报《消息报》(Izvestia )近日报道,俄罗斯国家养老基金(State Pension Fund)宣布进军加密领域,计划将创新的区块链技术应用于劳动行业和劳动关系领域,以管理和监控所有劳动合同数据,打击劳动力市场上一直存在的滥用工行为。

新闻机构援引PFR新闻中心的报道称,养老基金的目标是将雇主和雇员之间的劳动协议以智能合约的形式来实施和使用。这些合约将通过电子签名签署,市民可以从任何提供州和市政服务的地方多功能中心获得电子签名。

目前,PFR在其集中服务器上收集和存储雇主的保险金和税收数据。然而,随着区块链技术的实施,所有的PFR信息系统将集成到一个单一的区块链平台上,且所有的雇佣合同将被记录在分布式账簿上。据《消息报》报道,该养老基金计划在今年年底之前就这一问题拟订专家建议。

新技术将确保高透明度、高处理速度、数据安全和完整性,所有这些都可能有助于解决一些紧迫问题。首先,智能合约可以帮助摆脱繁琐且适得其反的文书工作。其次,区块链技术可以显著降低存储和处理大型数据库的成本。

最后,所有在区块链上注册的劳动协议都将受到保护,以免受任何未经授权的访问或事后修改的影响。正如基金官员所强调的那样,它可以防止员工受到任何可能的欺诈或滥用工行为的影响,这些狡猾的雇主往往会签订违反法律的雇佣合同。

据专家介绍,目前在俄罗斯,此类违规行为在中小企业劳动力市场上是一个非常敏感的问题,需要密切关注。在这方面,《消息报》引用了联邦劳动和就业服务机构(Federal Labor and Employment Service)的数据,显示在2017,大约46.5万俄罗斯人声称他们的劳动权利受到了侵犯。

值得一提的是,俄罗斯政府目前正深入参与劳动力市场的调整,包括今年夏天推出的一项严厉的养老金改革,要求大幅提高最低退休年龄,这已经在该国引发了大规模抗议。

养老基金利用创新数字技术的决定应该被证明对雇主和雇员都是有利的,因为这为他们提供了更多的透明度和安全性。从长期来看,养老基金旨在通过将其数字平台发展成一种聚合器,以提供各种各样的社会服务,从而增强其数字平台。

与此同时,俄罗斯其他邦联政府已经采用了这项新技术,以解决诸多关键性问题。例如,俄罗斯联邦国防部(the defence ministry of the Russian Federation )希望使用区块链来加强网络安全,防止黑客攻击。

Russia’s State Pension Fund aims to use blockchain and smart contracts for labor agreements to fight ongoing abuses in the labor market.

Surprisingly, the most recent institution in Russia to join the growing crypto community turned out to be the State Pension Fund (PFR), the largest public social services provider in the country. The fund intends to apply innovative blockchain technology to the labor industry and labor relations to manage and monitor all employment contract data, local daily newspaper Izvestia reported.

The news outlet cites the PFR's press center reporting that the pension fund aims to implement and use smart contracts as labor agreements between employers and employees. Such contracts will be signed with an electronic signature which citizens can get from any local Multifunctional Center providing state and municipal services.

Currently, PFR gathers and stores employers' data on insurance premiums and taxation on its centralized servers. However, with the implementation of blockchain technology, all PFR information systems will be integrated into a single blockchain-based platform, and all employment contracts will be recorded on the distributed ledger. According to Izvestia, the fund plans to prepare expert proposals on this matter by the end of the year.

The new technology will ensure high transparency, fast processing speed, and data security and integrity, all of which might help address a number of pressing issues. First, smart contracts can help to get rid of excessive and counterproductive paperwork. Next, blockchain technology can significantly reduce costs of storing and processing massive databases.

Last but not the least, all labor agreements registered on the blockchain will be protected from any unauthorized access or post-factum amendments. This, as the fund's officials emphasize, should safeguard employees from any possible fraud or abuse by shady employers who often tend to conclude employment contracts violating the law.

According to experts, nowadays in Russia, such rights violation is a very sensitive issue in the market for small- and medium-sized business, and it needs to be monitored closely. In this respect, Izvestia quotes data from the Federal Labor and Employment Service showing that in 2017, about 465,000 Russians claimed their labor rights were violated.

It's worth mentioning that the Russian government is currently deeply involved in labor market adjustments, including a harsh pension reform introduced this summer and demands to raise dramatically the minimum retirement age, which has already led to mass protests in the country.

Luckily, the news from PFR is not like this. The fund's decision to utilize innovative digital technology should prove to be beneficial for both employers and employees providing them with more transparency and security. In the longer term, the pension fund aims to enhance its digital platform by developing it into a sort of aggregator, offering a wide range of various social services.

Meanwhile other Russian state authorities have already embraced the new technology to solve critical tasks. Thus, the defence ministry of the Russian Federation wants to use blockchain to enhance cybersecurity and prevent hack attacks.


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