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印度与多国联合探讨加密货币监管

近日,印度证券交易委员会(SEBI)在其2017-2018年度报告中透露,已派出一些官员前往日本、英国和瑞士三个国家,以了解各国金融监管机构如何处理加密货币及ICO的问题。

报告解释道,“SEBI定期安排官员到海外当局进行考察。这些考察有助于与国际监管机构合作,并更深入地了解其系统和机制”。该机构还指出,此前SEBI就曾“从这些经验中受益匪浅,这种知识转移有助于改善内部流程”。

而2017-2018财年,SEBI则详细表示其组织了奔赴日本金融服务局(FSA)、英国金融行为监管局(FCA)和瑞士金融市场监管局(FINMA)的考察团,以研究ICO和加密货币。

同时,SEBI不是唯一关注其他司法管辖区域的印度监管机构。最近,印度央行-印度储备银行(RBI)发布的年度报告中有一节内容对加密货币表示了关注。

在引用一些其他国家的监管机构如何应对加密货币后,报告写道,“在全球范围内,对加密货币的监管反应非常广泛,从完全限制到‘轻触式监管’。”此外报告还表示,“日本和韩国占全球加密资产市场的最大份额。”

此外,印度储备银行还证实它正“密切关注加密货币”,并重申了其发布的通知,即禁止银行向任何加密货币企业提供服务。

The Securities and Exchange Board of India has sent officials to Japan, the UK, and Switzerland to study cryptocurrency and initial coin offerings from each of the three countries’ financial regulators. The securities watchdog aims to engage with international regulators and gain a deeper understanding of their crypto mechanisms and systems in order to improve its own process.

Officials Sent to Japan, UK, and Switzerland

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) revealed in its annual report 2017-18 that it sent some officials to three countries to study how the regulators there deal with cryptocurrencies.

The report explains,“SEBI on a regular basis enables study tour of SEBI officials to overseas authorities. These study tours help engage with the international regulators and gain [a] deeper understanding of the systems and mechanisms.” The securities watchdog noted that in the past, it “has benefited a lot from these experiences and the knowledge transfer helps improve the processes within SEBI.”

For the fiscal year 2017-18, the regulator detailed:

SEBI organised study tours to Financial Services Agency (FSA) Japan, Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) UK, and Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority (FINMA) Switzerland to study initial coin offerings and cryptocurrencies.

RBI Also Observes Foreign Regulators

SEBI is not the only Indian regulator to pay attention to other jurisdictions. Recently, the country’s central bank, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), published its annual report for 2017-18 with a section on cryptocurrency. After referencing how a few foreign regulators deal with crypto, the central bank wrote:

On a global level, regulatory responses to cryptocurrency have ranged from a complete clamp down in some jurisdictions to a comparatively ‘light touch regulatory approach’…Japan and South Korea account for the biggest shares of crypto asset markets in the world.

The RBI also confirmed it is “keeping a close watch on cryptocurrency,” reiterating that it issued a circular, banning banks from providing services to crypto businesses.

When the circular was issued in April, Quartz quoted Shubham Yadav, co-founder of Indian crypto exchange Coindelta, commenting that “several firms are looking at registering their head offices out of India.” The news outlet added that these locations include Singapore, Switzerland, Estonia, Malta, Japan, Dubai, and the Cayman Islands.

Crypto Regulations in India

The Indian government has been working on cryptocurrency regulations. According to Subhash Chandra Garg, Secretary in the Department of Economic Affairs, the proposal was supposed to be ready in July. Garg heads the panel, set up in December last year, tasked with proposing crypto regulations. However, it was reported earlier this month that the regulations are unlikely to be ready before the year-end.

Meanwhile, the country’s supreme court is hearing all petitions against the central bank’s crypto banking ban on September 11. SEBI will also be at the hearing. The crypto industry is hopeful that the court will lift the ban imposed by the RBI.


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