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欧洲央行:现金需求量依然很大,暂不考虑发行数字货币

全新的互联网金融模式国际资讯

欧洲央行:现金需求量依然很大,暂不考虑发行数字货币

上周,欧洲央行(后文简称ECB)行长Mario Draghi在回答欧洲议会成员Jonás Fernández的提问时表示,除非加密货币的底层技术能够实现“重大发展”,否则央行不会考虑使用这项技术。

不过他也指出,虽然目前ECB和欧元体系没有发行央行数字货币的计划,但该机构的确在仔细研究发行这种货币作为现金的补充品会产生什么样的结果。

至于ECB不考虑发行数字货币的原因,Draghi给出的答案和之前说过的一样。

……用于发行央行数字货币的技术尚未经过全面的测试,在投入央行环境之前需要取得实质性的进展。

由于央行也管理着家庭和企业的独立账户,这就意味着央行将会和银行的存款业务产生竞争,并且带来巨大的运作成本以及风险。

他补充说,目前欧元区并没有发行另一种货币的“实际需求”,而且欧盟28国对纸币的需求依然在持续增长。

Draghi表示,欧盟28国将继续保持对央行数字货币的谨慎态度,在这一点上,欧盟与俄罗斯和中国等国家的态度完全相反。

今年早些时候,ECB和国际清算银行(BIS)发布的一篇联合报告指出了发行央行数字货币的“负面影响”,认为依然需要更进一步的研究。

The European Central Bank (ECB) has “no plans” to issue its own digital currency, President Mario Draghi told the European Parliament Wednesday, September 12.

Addressing a query by MEP Jonás Fernández, Draghi said “substantial development” was still needed in the underlying technology behind cryptocurrencies before the Central Bank would consider using them.

“The ECB and the Eurosystem currently have no plans to issue a central bank digital currency,” he summarized:

“Nonetheless, we are carefully analysing the potential consequences of issuing such a currency as a complement to cash.”

Explaining why no plans were afoot at the ECB, Draghi drew attention to those same factors.

“...The technologies which could potentially be used to issue a central bank digital currency [...] have not yet been thoroughly tested and require substantial further development before they could be used in a central bank context,” he told Fernández, adding:

“With regard to the central bank administering individual accounts for households and companies, this would imply that the central bank would enter into competition for retail deposits with the banking sector and lead to potentially substantial operational costs and risks.”

He added there was at present “no concrete need” to issue an additional currency within the eurozone, saying demand for cash banknotes “continues to grow” in the EU28.

Draghi continues the wary stance the 28-member bloc has traditionally held on bank-issued cryptocurrency, in contrast to moves by countries such as Russia and China.

Earlier this year, a joint report from the ECB and Bank for International Settlements (BIS) highlighted “side effects” of a potential launch of such a currency, also considering the need for more research beforehand.


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