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英国政府报告:区块链技术大有可为

英国政府科学办公室在一份最新的报告中,建议政府加大力度,探索和测试区块链技术及分布式分类账技术。

这份报告由英国政府高级科学顾问Mark Walport领头的团队撰写,囊括了针对英国政府不同部门推进技术应用的提议。

报告提议的内容包括制定区块链技术应用的标准、设置对技术进行概念验证的专门岗位,以及为进一步的技术开发和利用制定路线图。

报告强调了区块链技术的潜力和优势:

"从宏观上看,分布式分类账技术提供了一个框架以帮助政府减少欺诈、腐败和失误风险以及降低工作成本。它拥有在数据分享、公开透明和增强信任等方面重新定义政府和公民关系的潜能。"

报告还特别呼吁推进区块链技术更深层次的测试,提倡政府不同机构以及科研界协同努力,共同推进技术发展。

"要理解分布式分类账技术的真正潜能,不仅需要理论研究,还需要在实践中应用技术,"报告中提到。"因此政府应当建立分布式分类账技术的试点,以分析评估该技术在公共领域的利用价值。"

报告中指出的该技术的未来应用方式包括用于政府补助系统以及税收监管。

"分布式分类账技术可能用于帮助政府收税、提供补助、发放护照、土地登记、保障商品供应链,甚至从更广泛的意义上确保政府在执行和服务方面的合法合规。"报告中写道。

如今,包括这份报告在内,建议英国政府内部采用区块链技术的呼声越来越高。一些政府部门,比如英国政府数位服务(GDS)已经开始试验区块链技术和分布式分类账技术。在2015年10月的一次演讲中,英国财政部的经济秘书长Harriet Baldwin表态,政府对于吸引创业公司和技术人员从事该技术的研究开发拥有很强的兴趣和热情。

A new report from the UK Government Office for Science has recommended a broad government effort to explore and test blockchain and distributed ledger technology.

The report, spearheaded by the government's top scientific advisor Mark Walport, contained proposals aimed at pushing for segments of the UK government to pursue applications of the technology.

The recommendations include the development of standards for the technology's use; the creation of new roles in the government to demonstrate proofs-of-concept; and the establishment of a roadmap for further exploration and utilization.

The report highlights the potential benefits of using the technology, writing:

"In summary, distributed ledger technology provides the framework for government to reduce fraud, corruption, error and the cost of paper-intensive processes. It has the potential to redefine the relationship between government and the citizen in terms of data sharing, transparency and trust."

Notably, the report pushes for comprehensive testing of blockchain tech, advocating that agencies within the government as well as elements of the country's research community collaborate on such initiatives.

"Understanding the true potential of distributed ledgers requires not only research but also using the technology for real-life applications," the report states. "Government should establish trials of distributed ledgers in order to assess the technology's usability within the public sector."

Among the potential applications identified in the report include uses for government aid payment systems and tax monitoring.

"Distributed ledger technologies have the potential to help governments to collect taxes, deliver benefits, issue passports, record land registries, assure the supply chain of goods and generally ensure the integrity of government records and services," the report said.

The publication adds to the growing calls to action within the UK government for aspects of blockchain tech to be implemented. Some agencies, including the Government Digital Service, have already begun experimenting with the blockchain and distributed ledgers.

In a speech in October, Harriet Baldwin MP, HM Treasury's economic secretary, reinforced the government's desire to attract startups and developers looking to utilize the technology.


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