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区块链国际资讯

区块链说要帮你节省家用电费 你准备好了吗?

最近,埃森哲的技术人员发明了一个基于区块链技术的智能插头,它将帮助减少每分钟的电能消费。

众所周知,区块链是比特币自动分类技术的基础,而该技术可以跟踪比特币的流通和交换。

该插头可适应不同的电力供应商,且尽可能地寻找低价电力供应源。

埃森哲公司表示该智能插头对直接支付电费的低收入人群会大有帮助。

智能合同

Emmanuel Viale是埃森哲法国研发实验室的负责人,正是该实验室负责了智能插头的研发。Emmanuel表示该智能插头修正了比特币区块链的基础技术,提高了其实用效率。

在计算和确认交易记录的功能之上,埃森哲团队为区块链增加了代表使用者协商交易的功能。

Viale先生表示“这取决于我们把多少商业行为和逻辑植入区块链中”,并补充表示他们将“智能合同”加入到电子分类当中。

该智能插头将于房间内其他配件一同监控房屋电力使用情况。当需求量增加或减少时,它会使用修正过的区块链技术自动转换供应商,选择一个更便宜的电力源。

Viale先生表示,该系统目前只是一款概念产品,但它将会对通过电表支付电费的低收入人群大有帮助。

根据埃森哲的研究,该项快速转换电力供应商的技术将会帮助该人群每年减少66亿英镑的电费。

Viale先生表示,如果一个基于区块链技术的系统可以代表使用者行动,那么随着物联网的普及,其在物联网领域也将大展身手。

但是,如果没有一个中央系统,管理许多不同产品将变得格外棘手。

来自CCS Insight咨询公司的移动服务专家Martin Garner表示,区块链技术开始出现在诸如股票交易、捕鱼权数据库和土地登记等多个领域。

他表示,这个技术对物联网有两个吸引点。

“他们避免了对任意一个供应商和生态系统的依赖——一些用户担忧关键互联网玩家,诸如谷歌和亚马逊会得到潜在的支配权。第二个吸引点是全自动的交易方式的使用,例如你家的电器将会自动设置为重新订货,并从你预先设定的列表中选定供应商。”

A blockchain-based smart plug that can adjust power consumption minute-by-minute has been created by technologists at Accenture.

The blockchain is the automated ledger that underpins Bitcoin and tracks where the coins are spent and swapped.

The plug shops for different power suppliers and will sign up for a cheaper tariff if it finds one.

Accenture said the smart plug could help people on low incomes who pay directly for power.

Smart contract

The smart plug modifies the basic Bitcoin blockchain technology to make it more active, said Emmanuel Viale, head of the Accenture team at the firm's French research lab that worked on the plug.

Instead of just resolving and confirming transaction records, the Accenture work has changed the blockchain to let it negotiate deals on behalf of its owner.

"It's about how we put more business behaviour or logic into the blockchain," said Mr Viale, adding that this essentially embeds a "smart contract" into the digital ledger.

The smart plug prototype works with other gadgets in the house that monitor power use. When demand is high or low it searches for energy prices and then uses the modified blockchain to switch suppliers if it finds a cheaper source.

So far, said Mr Viale, the Accenture system was just a proof of concept, but it could help many people on lower incomes who pay for their power via a meter.

Being able to quickly shift suppliers could save this group more than £660m in the UK annually, suggests Accenture research.

A blockchain-based system that can act on behalf of its owner might also prove useful as the Internet of Things becomes more ubiquitous, said Mr Viale.

Managing many different gadgets might be tricky without a more centralised system, he said,

Martin Garner, a mobile services expert at analyst firm CCS Insight, said blockchains were starting to crop up in many different areas including share trading, fishing rights databases and land registry claims.

They had two chief attractions for the Internet of Things, he said.

"They avoid dependence on any one supplier or ecosystem - some users have concerns about the potential dominance of key internet players creating, for example, the Google-of-Things or the Amazon-of-Things," he said.

"The second attraction is as a way of enabling autonomous trading between things, such as the appliances in your house being set up to re-order supplies from a pre-approved list of suppliers," he added.


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