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区块链国际资讯监管与政策

日本拟将比特币纳入货币体系

日本的执政党派自由民主党正计划提出立法修正案,将比特币等加密数字货币纳入货币范畴。

一旦修正案通过,可能会意味着比特币将会在该国受到更加严格的管理和征税,另一方面也可能使得日本增加在加密数字货币基础设施上的投资。

日本金融事务部的一名自民党官员Tomonori Kanda透露,立法修正案在周三通过了讨论,自民党决定在国会提出该议案。

"当然,现在离真正实现还有很长的距离,"他说道,"但是我们讨论了与此相关的改革方案,并相信这是正确的方向。"但是,改革推行的时间尚未决定。

日本人倾向于将比特币看作一种商品。在这种定义下,任何能够用来交换商品和服务或其他法定货币的物品都可以被看作货币。因此,比特币、狗狗币(dogecoin)等许多加密数字货币自然都可以纳入这一范畴。

根据《日本经济新闻》报道,该立法修正案是由日本金融厅提出的。该机构的一名东京官员拒绝承认机构在考虑任何相关的立法修正案。

"我们并没有作出决策的权力,"该官员说道,"按照规定,任何立法修正必须首先通过国会批准,然后日本金融厅才可以着手编写实施方案。"

该匿名官员以话题比较敏感为由,拒绝评论日本金融厅是否提出了立法修正案。

日本此举可能是吸取该国比特币交易平台Mt. Gox于2014年倒闭并损失惨重的教训,寻求进一步监管加密数字货币以及防止类似事件的发生。

Mt. Gox的时任总经理Mark Karpeles正接受日本官方调查,被指控犯有侵吞公司资产罪。

Japan's governing Liberal Democratic party is planning to propose legal changes that would define bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies as currencies.

The changes would mean bitcoin could be more tightly regulated and taxed, and are likely to lead to more investment in developing cryptocurrency infrastructure in Japan.

Tomonori Kanda, an official in the financial affairs section at the party's headquarters, said legislative changes were discussed on Wednesday and the LDP aimed to raise the matter in parliament.

"There is a long way to go," he said. "But we have discussed reform and believe it is the right way to go." The timing of the change was yet to be decided, he said.

Japan considers bitcoin a commodity. The new definition would consider anything that can be exchanged for goods and services or legal tender as a currency, bringing bitcoin, dogecoin and many other cryptocurrencies into the fold.

According to a report in the Nikkei newspaper, the changes were proposed by government body the Financial Services Agency. However, an FSA official in Tokyo refused to confirm that any changes to legislation were being considered.

"We have not decided anything yet," the official said. "The way things work here is that any change would have to be approved by parliament first, and then we would work on writing the legislation."

Speaking on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the subject, the official declined to comment on whether the FSA had proposed the legislative changes.

Japan, the home of Mt. Gox, the bitcoin exchange that folded in 2014 and lost coins worth hundreds of millions of pounds, has been looking for ways to keep a closer eye on cryptocurrencies and prevent another disaster.

Mark Karpeles, the former chief executive of Mt. Gox, is being held by Japanese authorities and has been charged with embezzlement.


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评论

  • D
    DAYDAYUP在 2016/03/02 10:22回复

    一个保守的国度做了一件不保守的金融议案。其实应该再出一篇文章描述此次事件的来龙去脉,相关方的深层次考量。

    • 计瑾在 2016/03/02 11:49回复

      @DAYDAYUP: 谢谢您的意见,我们会持续关注相关事件的发展!

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