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区块链国际资讯

区块链成传统金融新宠 40家全球大型银行联合进行测试

据报道,由纽约区块链创业公司R3领导的区块链私人财团成员中,已经有四十家全球大型银行完成了由五家区块链厂商和三家云计算提供商提供的分布式分类帐系统测试。

提供区块链技术的五家厂商分别是Chain, Ethereum, Eris Industries, IBM和Intel。云基础设施则由Amazon,IBM和Microsoft Corporation提供。

此次测试在二月份的最后两个星期进行。现实世界的概念证明测试是检验分布式分类帐系统执行智能化指令的性能的一种手段,即当满足预先存在的条件时自动执行协议,无需人为参与。

R3公司常务董事Tim Grant在公开报道中声明:

这是多个账目系统第一次在多家机构中以严谨、科学的方式平行运行。

显然,该测试同时也是一种评估手段,可以帮助各公司首席信息官在采纳区块链技术时对各厂商提供的解决方案有更深入的了解。Grant透露,该测试有助于洞察由五家区块链解决方案提供商提供的不同分布式分类账解决方案中存在的特殊障碍。

为了做到这一点,在涉及供应商分类帐和云平台的多种组合中运行指令前,厂商针对交易撰写了一致的智能指令。据报道参与的银行模拟了几种不同类型的交易,包括交易、票据赎回和签发。

尽管R3还未透露测试的结果以及厂商执行统一智能指令产生的结果有何不同,该公司声称参加的会员银行都可以在彼此之间分享这些结果。

R3将在未来与政府监管层进行类似的区块链测试。而且Grant透露,公司还将运行测试,针对银行使用的现有传统交易系统,协助进行分布式分类账技术的整合。

早在一月,R3就领导进行了第一轮区块链测试,全球共有11家大型银行参与了这场测试。每一家银行都被连接到一个以Ethereum技术为基础的私人分布式分类账,由微软的云平台Azure中的VPN托管。这一轮测试每天24小时连续运行,在1月11日和1月15日之间的五天内,对四大洲11家银行进行测试。

Forty of the world’s biggest banks that are partners in the private blockchain consortium led by New York-based blockchain-tech startup R3 have tested distributed ledger systems from five blockchain vendors as well as three cloud providers, according to The Wall Street Journal.

The five vendors providing the blockchain-tech for testing were Chain, Ethereum, Eris Industries, IBM and Intel. The cloud infrastructure was provided by Amazon, IBM and Microsoft Corporation.

The pilot was tested throughout the last fortnight of February. The real-world proof-of-concept test was a means to check the distributed ledger tech’s capabilities in executing smart contracts: automatically executed agreements without human involvement when pre-existing conditions are met.

In statements reported by the publication, managing director of R3, Tim Grant stated:

This is the first time many ledgers have been run in parallel by many institutions in a rigorous, scientific way.

Significantly, the test was also a means of assessment to help chief information officers (CIOs) of firms and companies adopting blockchain tech understand the differing solutions provided by the competing vendors. Grant revealed that the tests helped provide insight into that particular hurdle of comparing distributed ledger solutions among the five blockchain solutions providers.

In order to do this, the vendors wrote identical smart contracts for transactions before running the contracts on multiple combinations involving vendor ledgers and cloud platforms. The participating banks reportedly simulated several different kinds of transactions including – trading, redeeming commercial paper and issuing.

Although R3 has not revealed the findings of the tests and how vendors’ results with identical smart contracts vary from each other, the company contends that participating member banks are sharing those results among each other.

Notably, R3 will conduct similar blockchain-based tests with government regulators in the future. Furthermore, the firm will also run pilots and tests to assist in the integration of distributed ledger technology to existing legacy transaction systems used by banks, Grant revealed.

R3’s second known blockchain test comes after an earlier experiment in January, the first of its kind which saw numerous global banks, 11 in total, participate in a distributed ledger pilot test to exchange value among each other, successfully. Each bank was connected to a private distributed ledger underpinned by Ethereum technology, hosted on a VPN on Microsoft’s cloud platform, Azure.

The test ran continuously for 24 hours a day, five days between January 11 and January 15 among 11 banks across four continents.


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