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区块链国际资讯监管与政策

澳大利亚政府决心结束比特币“双重征税”

如果你在澳大利亚使用比特币,其实你会被双重征税。现在,澳大利亚政府打算解决这个问题。

财政部长Scott Morrison的言论或许已经被淹没在提前举行大选的舆论漩涡中,但是他在周一发布的声明还是应当让数字货币热爱者感到些许欣慰。

在悉尼金融科技中心Stone and Chalk的一次会议中Morrison公布了政府的计划,即把澳大利亚打造成金融科技投资的“热土”。其中一项就是结束对比特币等数字货币施加的繁重税负。

Morrison表示:“我们将采取措施解决数字货币双重GST(增值税)的问题。我们将不再针对数字货币征税。”

按照澳大利亚税务局在2014年出台的规定,比特币在澳大利亚被视作货物而非货币,因此对于比特币交易以及购买的相关商品要征收10%的商品及服务税 (GST)。这意味着人们在使用比特币购买任何物品都会被双重征收GST。

这些变化不会立竿见影发挥效果,而且具体细还需推敲。不过在这份金融科技声明中,澳大利亚政府已经明确提出“要与该行业在立法工作上进行合作,从而推动法律改革,”因为市场现有超过600种可使用的数字货币。

在一份电子邮件声明中,澳大利亚数字货币与商业协会首席执行官Nick Giurietto表示,这样的变化将会创造一个“公平的竞争环境。这次改革意味着数字货币将和旧有的支付系统一样被同等对待。”

Morrison的言论参照了参议院经济参考委员会对于数字货币的论述,该评论在2015年八月发出,暗示了税务机关“给数字货币行业增加了额外的负担。”

数字货币创业公司曾经表示在澳大利亚本土的比特币的税负将迫使他们搬至海外。

在一份2015年呈交给参议院调查的报告中,总部位于美国的比特币交易公司Coinbase敦促当局政府考虑英国模式,即把比特币像普通货币一样对待。这份报告写道,“我们相信这个决定对电子商务大有裨益,而把比特币视为资产或者商品则可能会引发混乱。”

政府的金融科技声明中还建议取消对金融科技创业公司投资的税收壁垒,其他倡议还意图发展该行业。

 

If you use Bitcoin in Australia, you would know you get taxed twice. Now, the government is moving to fix the issue.

Treasurer Scott Morrison's remarks may have gotten a little lost amid the media maelstrom caused by the possibility of an early election in Australia, but he made an announcement Monday that should make digital currency enthusiasts cautiously happy.

At an event at Sydney fintech hub Stone and Chalk, Morrison launched the government's plan to make Australia "a hot house" for fintech investment. On the agenda: A bid to end the onerous tax treatment of digital currencies such as Bitcoin.

"We will take action to address the double GST treatment of digital currencies. We won't be taxing digital currency," Morrison said in his remarks.

Currently, under a 2014 ruling by the Australian Taxation Office, Bitcoin is treated as a commodity in Australia and not a currency, meaning a 10% Goods and Services Tax (GST) applies to Bitcoin transactions and the goods purchased. That means people are "double taxed" when using Bitcoin to purchase anything also subject to GST.

The changes won't be immediate and the fine print will still need to be worked out. In its fintech statement, the government proposes to "work with the industry on legislative options to reform the law," noting there are "more than 600 digital currencies" currently available.

In an emailed statement, CEO of the Australian Digital Currency and Commerce Association, Nick Giurietto, said the change would create a "level playing field."

"This reform means that digital currency businesses will now be treated equally with older payments systems," he said.

Morrison's remarks follow the Senate Economics References Committee review of digital currencies, which in August 2015 suggested the tax office had placed "an additional burden on Australian digital currency businesses."

Digital currency startups have previously suggested the tax treatment of Bitcoin in Australia would force them to move overseas.

In a submission to the 2015 senate inquiry, U.S.-based bitcoin exchange company Coinbase urged the government to consider the UK model, which treats Bitcoin like a currency. "We believe this determination makes the most sense for electronic commerce whereas the alternative of treating Bitcoin as assets or commodities could create confusion," it wrote.

The government's fintech statement also proposes to remove tax barriers to investment in fintech startups, among other initiatives intended to kickstart the sector.


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