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5大替代金融模式助力可再生能源产业发展

传统金融的互联网化国际资讯

5大替代金融模式助力可再生能源产业发展

5 Alternative financing techniques to Power-up Alternative Energy Market

可再生能源包括从太阳光、雨、风、地热、海浪、植物及潮汐中获取的能源,这些可以自行补充的能源或许将成为未来的主流能源模式。

然而,控制并利用这些可再生能源所需的群体及个体资金成本很高,因此就需要新的金融模式,使这些能源更多地用于商业及生活用途。

以下我们就为大家简述5种可再生能源项目获得金融支持的5种新方法。

1.为可再生能源项目进行众筹

如果一个项目对社区有利的话,那么大家往往会对这个项目的众筹感兴趣。毋庸置疑,相信清洁能源是未来方向的人会支持可再生能源项目的众筹。

现在有很多众筹平台,创业者们可以在这些平台上为商业项目或仍在研发阶段的项目进行众筹。

创业者和新兴公司可以去专门的可再生能源众筹平台寻求帮助,或者直接在Indiegogo和Kickstarter上为自己的项目众筹。

2.太阳能的零预付融资模式

在生活住宅和商用建筑上安装太阳能电池板花费很大。然而,有了零预付融资模式,生活住宅和商用建筑用电时就可避免消耗不可再生资源,而能用上清洁的可再生资源了。

太阳能公司Solarcity成立于2006年,旨在为全国提供清洁能源服务。在零预付融资模式下,生活住宅如果要安装一个3千瓦的太阳能供电系统,那么“通过认可信用交易,户主第一年每月只须付25至100美元,此后每年增加0至2.9%,20到30年内付清即可。”该公司的官网还称:“我们希望让业主、生意人、学校、非盈利机构以及政府组织都能用上清洁能源,而且比使用燃烧化石燃料(如煤、石油、天然气)生产的能源花费更少。”

亚洲也有一家公司采用了这种零预付融资模式。这家名叫Solar Philippines的企业专注于可持续发展和可再生能源,帮助消费者减少电力花费,减少碳足迹。该公司与金融机构合作,消费者不需预付就能为生活住宅和商用建筑安装太阳能电池板。Solar Philippines公司近期与全球太阳能供电商场SM集团达成合作。这个商场安装了5760快太阳能电池板,可发电1.5兆瓦,这些电能可为1.6万个照明设备、20个电梯以及59个扶梯供电。

3.可再生能源债券

尽管可再生能源急需研发资金和商业化资金,但一般投资者还是不太愿意把钱投给可再生能源。国际能源组织(IEA)称:“为把全球变暖控制在2摄氏度以内、防止气候变化最坏的影响,对低碳能源技术的投资至少需要翻一倍,到2020年要达到年投资5000亿美元,到2030年再翻一倍,达到1万亿美元。”

目前市场上已经出现了类似的清洁能源债券,绿色债券以及气候债券产品。这些债券筹集的资金主要用于能减缓温室效应的项目,促进形成可持续环境,包括清洁能源、高效能源以及可再生能源(如从风、太阳、水、潮汐等获取的能源)。这些债券是由世界银行、欧洲投资银行等机构发行的。公司也可以发行绿色债券,去年由公司发行的绿色债券就达到了100亿美元。这些债券都是长期收益债券。

为提供更为透明的交易,13个银行组成财团,发布了《绿色债券原则》,就绿色债券的发行为投资者、企业家及公司提供指导。

SolarCity公司近期发行了针对美国投资人的太阳能债券。

4.Yieldcos

Yieldco是指为自有经营资产、产生可预测的现金流而成立的上市公司。Yieldco公司产生的现金流分给投资者,作为分红。Yieldco公司重点关注收入,而不是增长。可再生能源产业利用这种公司,使投资者免受监管变动的影响。

在美国上市的Yieldco公司有:Abengoa Yield、NextEra Energy Partners、NRG Yield和Pattern Energy Group。

5.PACE融资

财产评估清洁能源(PACE)指在建筑内升级融资能源升级或安装可再生能源。融资总额在一段时间内还清即可,一般是15到20年不等。美国的31个州以及哥伦比亚特区(集中了80%的人口),都可以安装PACE。通过这种方式,贷款被附加到财产上,而不是直接附加给个人。

支持可再生能源投资的主要方法是要提高认识,各行各业,特别是投资业,都要认识到为环境可持续,我们急需使用可再生能源。

“RenewFi:可持续金融中的行业新机会”就是这样一个活动。这是关于可再生能源融资以及国际太阳能发展项目的大会,于2015年1月28到29日在旧金山湾区举行,由Soho Loft Conferences和Victoria Global组织,在Richmond,Marina南路1402号Topline Accelerator公司举行。

该大会赞助商FundAmerica公司的首席执行官Scott Purcell称:“教育是众筹行业成功的关键,很高兴与Soho Loft Media集团一起,与门户网站、律师事务所和其他重要与会者合作。”FundAmerica公司提供第三方托管服务、清洁服务、506(b) 和506(c)入口站点支付工具及合规工具。

大会钻石赞助商WholeCom Corporation公司的首席执行官Corey Call称:“WholeCom管理全球的太阳能商机。我们之所以能做到这一点,是因为我们对融资/政府项目有详尽的了解,而且我们有国际太阳能发展伙伴。”他还说:“我们为开发商提供简便的、有利可图的太阳能技术。我们的目标是要与开发商和投资者建立长久的伙伴关系,以保证这些技术既可持续,又有利可图。在清洁能源技术开始阶段,太阳能电池板每瓦特需3美元。现在每瓦特只需0.6美元。正是早期的清洁能源技术企业家和投资者让这种变化成为可能。现在是能源行业实现飞跃的时候了。”

Renewable energy sources are said to be the way of the future that will supply the energy needs of the future and new generations. These sources are naturally replenished, and include energy from sunlight, rain, wind, geothermal heat, sea waves, plants and tides.

However, harnessing some of these renewable energy sources need high capital costs for the communities and individuals, so alternative financing models are needed to promote their commercial and residential use.

Using renewable energy sources will reduce our carbon footprints. Here are 5 alternative ways to finance renewable energy projects:

1. Crowdfunding for Renewable Energy Projects

Crowdfunding for a project, especially if it benefits the community usually draw the interest of the crowd. Definitely, crowdfunding for renewable energy projects would gain the support of the people who believe that clean energy is the way of the future.

There are many crowdfunding platforms that entrepreneurs can go to for a commercial project or those still at the research and development stage.

Entrepreneurs and startups can go to these top 5 renewable energy crowdfunding platforms, classified according to the amount they have raised so far. Or they can crowdfund at Indiegogo and Kickstarter for their projects.

2. Zero-upfront cost model of solar financing

Installing solar panels in residential and commercial buildings is expensive. However, with zero-upfront cost solar financing model, homes and business establishments can avail of this clean renewable source of energy for their electricity needs without draining their resources.

SolarCity, established in 2006, aims to provide clean energy service to the country. Using this zero-upfront solar financing model, a residential building with a 3 kW system starts paying "$25-$100 per month with an annual increase of 0-2.9% each year for 20-30 years, on approved credit." The site further says, "We make clean energy available to homeowners, businesses, schools, non-profits and government organizations at a lower cost than they pay for energy generated by burning fossil fuels like coal, oil and natural gas."

Another company in Asia adapted this zero-upfront cost solar financing model. Solar Philippines' commitment is for a sustainable development and renewable energy, to help consumers reduce cost of electricity and carbon footprint. By partnering with financial institution, the company provides zero-upfront costs of installing solar panels in both homes and commercial establishments. The company has recently partnered with SM that made SM North into the biggest solar powered mall in the world. It has 5,760 solar panels that can generate up to 1.5 megawatts (MW) of electricity, which can supply electricity to 16,000 light fixtures, 20 elevators and 59 escalators.

3. Renewable Energy Bonds

Despite the pressing need for research and development as well as commercialization funds, the general investing community are hesitant to commit their money to renewable energy investments. The International Energy Agency (IEA)says, "In order to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius and avoid the the worst effects of climate change, investments in low-carbon energy technologies will need to at least double, reaching $500 billion annually by 2020, and then double again to $1 trillion by 2030.

Cleantech bonds, green bonds, and climate bonds are issued to finance projects that will bring down greenhouse effect and promote a sustainable environment that includes clean energy, efficient energy and renewable energy such as harnessing the energy from the wind, sun, water, tides and more. These bonds are issued by organizations such as The World Bank, and the European Investment Bank. Corporations also issue these green bonds, and it amounted to $10 billion last year. These bonds are issued for long term haul.

To provide a more transparent transaction, the Green Bond Principles was issued by 13 investment banks consortium to guide the issuance of this type of bond, for both the investors, entrepreneurs and corporations.

SolarCity has recently issued solar bonds, for investments only in the United States.

4. Yieldcos

A yieldco is a publicly traded company established to own operating assets to produce a predictable cash flow. The cash flow is distributed to the investors as dividends. Yieldco is focused on income, rather than growth. It is used in the renewable energy industry to safeguard investors from regulatory changes.

Some US-listed yieldcos are: Abengoa Yield, Brookfield Renewable Energy Partners, Hannon Armstrong Sustainable Infrastructure, NextEra Energy Partners, NRG Yieldand Pattern Energy Group.

5. PACE Financing

Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) is financing energy upgrades or renewable energy installations in buildings. The amount financed is paid over a fixed period of time, ranging from 15 to 20 years. In the United States, 31 states and the District of Columbia, where 80 percent of the population are, are PACE enabled. In PACE financing, the loan is attached to the property and not to the individual per se.

One major factor to sustain renewable energy investment is to increase awareness of the urgent need to use renewable energy for a clean sustainable environment - on all sectors, especially the investing community.

The "RenewFi: New Industry Opportunities in Renewable Finance" is one event along this line. It was a conference on financing renewable energy and international solar development projects at the San Francisco Bay Area last January 28-29, 2015. Organized by The Soho Loft Conferences with Victoria Global, it was held at the Topline Accelerator, 1402 Marina Way South in Richmond.

Scott Purcell, CEO of FundAmerica, one of the sponsors in this conference, says "Education is the key to the success of the crowdfunding industry, and I am pleased to be a part of The Soho Loft Media Group's efforts to work with portals, law firms and other key players at this conference." FundAmerica provides escrow, clearing, payment and compliance tools for your 506(b) and 506(c) portals.

Corey Call, CEO of WholeCom Corporation, a diamond sponsor of this conference says, "WholeCom manages the development of Solar Opportunities throughout the world. We do this through intimate knowledge of financing/government programs and through International Solar development partnerships." He further adds, "We provide solar technologies uncomplicated and financially rewarding for developers. Our aim is to forge enduring partnerships with developers and investors to ensure these technologies are sustainable and profitable as well. When cleantech efforts started, the solar panels were $3 a watt. Now, it costs $.60 a watt. The early cleantech entrepreneurs and investors made possible the future we are now seeing. This is the time for leaps in Energy."

第十四届清华大学中国创业者训练营

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