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新加坡计划利用以太坊区块链开启货币代币化进程

近日,新加坡金融管理局(MAS)宣布,基于以太坊区块链的货币发行项目取得初步成功,新元(SGD)代币化项目的第一阶段正是完成,即将展开第二阶段工作。

去年11月,新加坡金融管理局宣布开启名为"Ubin"的区块链项目,致力于实现在分布式账本平台上发行本国数字货币。该项目是中央银行与区块链联盟R3的合作项目之一,R3于11月份在新加坡特别推出了"R3亚洲实验室"。不久之后,新加坡央行宣布开发一个概念验证区块链试点,以促进同业间支付。

新加坡金融管理局(MAS)的一份报告肯定了项目在第一阶段取得的成功。报告认为,Ubin项目实现了在银行间区块链平台上使用中央银行发行的数字货币。参与银行将现金作为抵押品换取这些数字新元,银行之间的付款和转账均使用新加坡金融管理局发行的数字货币结算。最终,银行在交易中将数字货币兑换成现金

同时,报告还指出MAS正在与一些银行和区块链技术公司合作,并借鉴了加拿大银行开展的Project Jasper项目的成功经验。该项目的下一阶段将重点关注如何通过开发DvP(交付即付款)和跨境付款进行证券结算。

目前,出新加坡外,加拿大、英国、俄罗斯等国也在陆续开展货币数字化试验。英格兰银行此前已经率先开启了数字货币的研究,并取得了阶段性成果。俄罗斯中央银行副主席也表示,货币数字化是俄罗斯经济发展的未来趋势。各国已经逐渐意识到,相对于固态的法币,动态货币具有清晰的优势,并且最先达成者将可能获得巨大的收益,一场关于加密货币的竞争正在逐渐展开。

According to a recent article on Trustnodes, the Monetary Authority of Singapore, Singapore’s central bank, has successfully digitized their national currency by a creating a token out of the Singapore dollar on Ethereum’s blockchain technology.

Last November, MAS announced Project Ubin: a collaborative project to explore the use of blockchain and distributed ledger technologies within the country’s financial sector. Phase 1 of the project involved partnering with R3, a distributed ledger company and consortium of financial institutions, to develop a proof-of-concept project to conduct payments between banks using blockchain technology. Part of that proof-of-concept project was testing the feasibility of developing a central digital currency. According to Trustnodes, Phase 1 of Project Ubin was a success and Singapore was able to digitize their currency by creating a tokenized form of the Singapore dollar on Ethereum’s blockchain.

According to a report released by MAS detailing Project Ubin, the project was inspired in part by the Bank of Canada’s Project Jasper which also involved a partnership with R3 to develop a tokenized central currency. With the successful testing of Phase 1 complete, MAS is now ready to focus on Phase 2 which involves cross-border payment solutions.

Singapore is not the only country looking to digitize their currency. As previously mentioned, Canada has experimented with how financial institutions can utilized blockchain and distributed ledger technologies. England’s central bank has also studied how to digitize the pound using blockchain. Russia and China have also made waves recently with senior officials of both countries making positive public statements about blockchain and Ethereum. While it may be some time until we see the US dollar digitized, the fact more and more countries are at least exploring blockchain’s multitude of uses is a good sign for things to come.


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