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韩国政府拟监管并合法化比特币等数字货币

据《韩国先驱报》今日报道,韩国民主党代表Park Yong jin在本月起草了三份修正法案,旨在监管并合法化比特币、以太坊等加密货币。

报道指出,其中一项法案将修改韩国现有的电子金融交易法,授权监管部门对加密货币交易进行监管。实际上,这意味着涉及加密货币的交易员甚至公司都将受到韩国政府的监管。

媒体认为,Park应该算是一名数字货币怀疑论者,因为他在草案中将今年数字货币的疯狂上涨与十七世纪欧洲的郁金香狂热进行了对比。

其他修订还涉及收入及公司税法,目的是让金融当局能够制止任何数字货币交易的逃税情况。

今年以来,韩国已经成为了世界上最大的比特币交易市场之一。数据显示,在过去24小时内,韩国比特币交易市场的BTC交易量达到了全球总交易量近8.5%的份额。

早在2016年底时,该国的金融服务委员会(FSC,主要的金融监管机构)便建立了一个数字货币工作组,其目标是在今年内为数字货币行业建立监管规则。

当时,金融服务委员会(FSC)主席 Yim Jong-yong表示:

“韩国政府将推动数字货币的系统化,与在美国、日本和其他国家的全球趋势进行同步。”

虽然六月份时,便有报道称韩国将要监管比特币等数字货币,但在当时,关于是否合法化的问题依旧没有确定,而今天的事态发展则指向了一个更具体、更符合立法目的的道路。

A new set of bills is reportedly being prepared to regulate and legalize cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum in South Korea.

According to a report today by the Korea Herald, representative Park Yong-jin, a lawmaker and member of the country’s ruling Democratic Party is drawing up three revisions this month to build a regulatory framework for digital currencies.

One of the bills will look at revising the existing Electronic Financial Transactions Act in order to mandate regulatory approval for cryptocurrency transactions, according to the report. In effect, this would mean that traders and even companies engaging in cryptocurrency transactions would be under the purview of the South Korean government.

In the draft proposal, Park pointed to “the void of a state-led protection that guarantees digital currency’s value”, citing the need to address “digital currency’s nonexchangability to other existing currencies” and intriguingly, “the possibility of wrecking havoc on national economy from digital currency bubble burst”, according to the report. Park, presumably a skeptic of digital currencies, has notably compared this year’s surging prices of cryptocurrencies with Europe’s tulip craze in the 17th century.

The other revisions also address income and corporate tax laws to enable financial authorities to curb any instances of tax evasion from digital currency transactions. South Korea has consistently figured among the world’s largest bitcoin trading markets this year. Data shows the Korean market amounting to nearly 8.5% of the world’s traded bitcoins in a 24-hour period, with a spread of just under $150 when compared to USD-based markets.

As CCN reported in late 2016, the country’s Financial Services Commission (FSC) – the primary financial regulator – established a digital currency task force with the aim of introducing regulations for the digital currency industry this year.

At the time, FSC chairman Yim Jong-yong stated:

The government will push for the systemization of digital currency on a full scale in tandem with a global trend in the U.S., Japan and other countries.

While moves toward regulation and, in effect, legalization were uncertain as recently as June, today’s developments point to a more concrete, legislative path toward that that end.


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