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面临金融局势持续动荡,比特币在印度流行指日可待

继中国、韩国和日本之后,印度可能会在未来几个月成为比特币交易的又一主要市场。

自2017年初以来,印度政府对迅速发展的比特币产业和外汇市场持有积极态度。在金融动荡中,500卢比和1000卢比被废除,在全国成千上万的atm机出现钞票和现金短缺的情况下,大众正在逐步采用比特币作为替代避险资产的最佳数字货币。

越来越多的商人开始接受比特币,并利用比特币作为主流数字货币,媒体们已经开始广泛报道比特币,并将其与储备货币以及美元和黄金等贵金属挂钩。

最近,包括《印度斯坦时报》(Hindustan Times)和《印度时报》(Times of India)在内的一些主流新闻网络和报纸已经开始定期提供比特币的相关市场报道。

现在,印度比特币交易所(包括三大交易平台Unocoin、Coinsecure和Zebpay)的交易量和用户基数都出现了指数增长。特别值得一提的是,Zebpay在5月15日透露,该公司为移动应用程序实现50万移动下载量,达到了一个重要的里程碑。

尽管政府已决定规范印度比特币产业并使数字货币合法化,但目前比特币交易平台和其他交易平台,如上述的Zebpay、Coinsecure和Unocoin,都是通过自身独立了解客户(KYC)和遵守反洗钱系统(AML)来约束平台的。

尽管印度的比特币交易市场缺乏监管条款,但当地交易所的重点是开发和实施高效的KYC和AML系统,政府和执法部门在需要时侯搭建可以依靠的这种系统。

例如,在5月1日,包括Zebpay在内的印度比特币交易所协助普纳网络犯罪部门追回了大约1000万美元的银行被抢资金。黑客组织在一个新部署的银行系统中窃取了数百万美元之后,黑客们立即利用这笔钱在包括Zebpay在内的平台上购买了比特币。凭借KYC和AML的追溯系统,Zebpay能够追踪黑客的身份,并恢复了当地银行的1000万美元。

Zebpay和其他交易所最终努力说服了印度政府来监管比特币市场。6月20日,CNBC印度广播公司(CNBC)透露,印度政府将在2017年正式使比特币合法化,此前,印度政府起草了几项法案和监管条款,以促进比特币行业和印度市场的迅速发展。 由于主流媒体的积极报道,投资者越来越多,比特币交易平台呈指数增长,比特币已经开始在印度获得主流认识。印度政府使比特币合法化,将进一步激发大众对比特币的需求和兴趣。

Following China, South Korea and Japan, India will likely emerge as a major bitcoin exchange market in the upcoming months.

Since early 2017, the Indian government has expressed its optimism towards the rapidly growing Indian bitcoin industry and exchange market. Amidst financial instability caused by the demonetization of 500 and 1,000 rupee banknotes and the shortage of cash in tens of thousands of ATMs across the country, the general public is adopting bitcoin as the alternative financial network, a safe haven asset and a digital currency.

An increasing number of merchants have started to accept and utilize bitcoin as a digital currency and mainstream media outlets have begun to offer extensive coverage on bitcoin alongside reserve currencies and precious metals such as the US dollar and gold.

Most recently, some of the largest mainstream news networks and newspapers including the Hindustan Times and Times of India have started to provide regular coverage of bitcoin, its technical intricacies, its purpose, rising demand from global investors and advantages over existing banking systems and financial networks.

As a result, Indian bitcoin exchanges including the big three trading platforms Unocoin, Coinsecure and Zebpay have experienced exponential increase in their trading volumes and user base. Particularly, Zebpay revealed on May 15 that the company reached a major milestone in achieving 500,000 mobile downloads for its mobile application.

Although the government has decided to regulate the Indian bitcoin industry and legalize the digital currency, at the moment, bitcoin exchanges and trading platforms such as the abovementioned Zebpay, Coinsecure and Unocoin are self-regulating their platforms with their independent Know Your Customer (KYC) and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) systems.

Despite the lack of regulatory frameworks for the bitcoin exchange market in India, local exchanges have focused on developing and implementing efficient KYC and AML systems which the government and law enforcement can rely on at times of need.

For instance on May 1, Indian bitcoin exchanges including Zebpay assisted the Pune Cyber Crime department to recover approximately $10 million stolen in a bank heist. Almost immediately after a hacking group stole millions of dollars from a newly deployed banking system, hackers used that money to purchase bitcoin in platforms including Zebpay. With its thorough KYC and AML systems, Zebpay was able to track down the identities of the hackers and restore the $10 million for the local bank.

The efforts of Zebpay and other exchanges have ultimately convinced the Indian government to regulate bitcoin. On June 20, CNBC India revealed that the Indian government will officially legalize bitcoin within 2017 after drafting several bills and regulatory frameworks to facilitate the rapid growth of the bitcoin industry and exchange market in India.

Due to mainstream media coverage, rising popularity amongst investors and the exponential growth of bitcoin trading platforms, bitcoin has already begun to gain mainstream adoption in India. The legalization of bitcoin by the Indian government will further increase the demand and interest toward bitcoin.


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