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南非城市奥拉尼亚创建自己的数字资产

全新的互联网金融模式区块链国际资讯

南非城市奥拉尼亚创建自己的数字资产

位于南非北开普省的奥拉尼亚(Orania)的Afrikaner社区将设立自己的数字资产。这个约有一千四百人的城镇至今仍存有争议,因为Afrikaner是一个在种族隔离结束后建立的白人社区。

尽管居民主要是白人农民和贸易商,但报告指出,奥拉尼亚境内不会发生任何种族歧视,但“保护非洲文化的基础必须有效地禁止种族多样性”。该镇在南非宪法的保护下,拥有足够的自主权,创造了自己的法定货币,即ora。

奥拉尼亚通过自己的商会印刷ora,并通过其中央银行分发。然而,它在技术上不是一种货币,而是作为与南非兰特(南非法定货币)挂钩的凭证,三年后到期。Ora于2004年推出,在使用时给予用户补贴。

进入数字资产世界

现在,为了进一步推进该镇的独立,奥拉尼亚的计划是创建一个虚拟版本的货币,即“e-ora”。 用户可以通过一个应用程序从中央银行购买e-ora,然后通过智能手机使用它们进行本地交易。该版本的ora将不会有到期日。

除了支持奥拉尼亚的自给自足之外,推出e-ora的目的是使交易更有效率,并降低打印纸币的成本。此外,在使用e-ora时可以避免各种信用卡交易的费用。报告显示,e-ora最早在8月中旬或者一年之内就可以流通。

有争议的实验

Afrikaner社区与Efficient Group首席经济学家经济学家Dawie Roodt合作,以创建e-ora。Dawie Roodt称,尽管存在潜在争议,当可能性成为实验的一部分时,让人感到兴奋,他正在“试图向外界解释他的兴趣纯粹是学术的”。

如果成功,Roodt希望数字资产可以扩展到其他社区。他补充说,南非是使用数字资产的理想选择:

“经济正在下行,国家效率低下。在南非,我们的私人保安人员比警察更多——你必须自己照顾自己,因为国家不会替你这样做。”

种族紧张局势

专家们一致认为,e-ora将受益于数字资产交易所的出现。根据数字资产咨询公司Agentic Group的总经理Rik Willard的说法,如果交易所开始接受e-ora,e-ora的价值可能会增加,并且可以为全球其他社区的类似业务提供资金。

然而,由于奥拉尼亚大多是白人,有些人担心如果e-ora被扩大了使用范围,其安全性将得不到保障。记者Corin Faife表示:

“我会担心黑客的阻挠和其追溯能力。该项目很可能会遭到反种族主义团体的反对。”

法新社补充说,如果被视为白人至上运动的一部分,e-ora会吸引当局的注意。

The Afrikaner community of Orania, a rural town in South Africa’s Northern Cape province established in 1991, is set to launch its own digital currency, according to CNN. The town, of roughly 1,400 people, is somewhat controversial as it is a whites-only community that has been created on private land near the end of the Apartheid.

Despite residents being mostly white farmers and traders, reports suggest no racial discrimination happens in Orania, but that it’s “foundational imperative to preserve Afrikaner culture effectively prohibits racial diversity.” The town is protected by South Africa’s constitution and in a bid to be self-sufficiency has created its own fiat currency, the ora.

Entering the World of Digital Currencies

Now, to further the town’s independence, Orania’s plan is to create a virtual version of its currency, the “e-ora”. Users will be able to purchase e-ora from the central bank through an app, and then use them to trade locally via their smartphones. This digital version of the ora won’t have an expiration date.

The goal, aside from supporting Orania’s self-sufficiency, is to allow for more efficient transactions, and to cut the costs of printing paper currency. Moreover, the fees that apply to various credit card transactions can be avoided when using the e-ora. Reports suggest the e-ora could be in circulation as early as mid-August, or at most within a year.

A Controversial Experiment

The Afrikaner community has partnered with economist Dawie Roodt, chief economist at the Efficient Group, in order to create the e-ora. The prize-winning economist, according to CNN, says that the opportunity to be a part of the experiment was too exciting to turn down, despite potential controversy, adding that he is “going out of his way to explain that his interest is purely academic”.

If successful, Roodt hopes digital currencies can expand to other communities. The economist added that South Africa is perfect for digital currency adoption, stating:

The economy is contracting and the state is highly inefficient. We have more private security guards than policemen in South Africa — you have to look after yourself because the state won’t do it.

Racial Tensions

Experts agree that the e-ora would benefit from adoption in digital currency exchanges. According to Rik Willard, managing director at digital currency consultancy firm Agentic Group, e-ora’s value could increase if exchanges started accepting it, plus it could fund similar operations in other communities throughout the world.

Nevertheless, given Orania’s mostly white Afrikaner population, some are worried about its security if it does go big. Journalist Corin Faife stated:

Faife, according to CNN, added that the e-ora could attract the attention of authorities if it’s seen as part of a white supremacist movement.


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