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区块链国际资讯

南非财政部长:既要鼓励比特币发展又要控制风险

加密货币在各个国家的发展,尤其是在南非等国家,已经引起了政府部门的注意,他们对其未来发展方向做出了分析。南非财政部部长Malusi Gigaba就正面回应了这一问题。

目前加密货币在南非不受监管,但有大量的私营企业在他们的管理范围内运作。Gigaba表示,政府已经和这些企业进行了交流。

金融科技

反对党向Gigaba提出了一个有关比特币的问题——政府对加密货币市场发展的看法以及他们是否决定监管这一市场,Gigaba回答:

就这一点而言,相关部门正不断监控及评估加密货币的应用,并且向私营领域的利益相关者征求意见。如果有必要的话,我们将会出台进一步的指导或监管规则。

除此之外,2016年12月,财政部还和南非储备银行(SARB)、金融情报中心(FIC)以及金融稳定委员会(FSB)一起成立了一个政府间金融科技工作组,旨在为加密货币等金融科技探索新方法以及潜在的政策改进,应对金融领域不断出现的金融科技问题,比如说众筹、智能投顾(robo-advice)、机器学习以及替代支付平台。

我们计划采取一种平衡方案,支持金融领域创新、竞争和普惠金融,同时评估金融客户保护、洗钱和金融稳定性面临的风险。

与互联网类似

Gigaba继续说道,金融科技仍处于早期阶段,这其中有很多让人兴奋的进展,同时也存在不稳定性,就像互联网诞生之初那样。

因此,政府正在这些混乱时期寻找创新和客户保护之间的平衡。

这位财政部长看到了数字货币强劲的实力,这种强大的力量能够帮助其抵抗早期繁荣带来的波动性,并与法币共存。

繁荣发展

当然了,对于政府和企业来说,数字货币的潜在技术区块链更加令人期待。因为与区块链相关的应用由很多,它也不像数字货币那样具有极强的颠覆性。

他总结道:

除了创造加密货币之外,区块链技术还具有多种潜力。区块链技术是一种低成本、高效以及极其安全的交易模式,它还能用作个人或机构之间的资金转移。

 

The development of cryptocurrencies, especially in countries like South Africa, has seen the question on their future posed to government ministers, with Finance Minister Malusi Gigaba tackling the question positively.

Currently, cryptocurrencies are not regulated in South Africa, but a number of private businesses operate within their sphere of influence and Gigaba has said that the government is in conversation with these businesses.

Fintech

Gigaba was replying to an opposition party’s question on Bitcoin when asked what the government's position on the developing market for cryptocurrencies was, and whether he intended to regulate the market.

“As noted, the relevant authorities continue to monitor and assess the use of virtual currencies and consult with private sector stakeholders in this regard. Further guidance or regulations may be issued, should the need arise,” he said.

“While the above position still applies, the National Treasury together with the SARB, FIC and FSB have also established an Intergovernmental Fintech Working Group in December 2016, to develop an approach and potential revised policy stance towards fintech, including cryptocurrencies, and to deal with fast-emerging fintech matters in the financial sector, like crowdfunding, robo-advice, machine learning and alternate payment platforms.”

“A balanced approach is being taken, which is supportive of the objectives of enhanced innovation, competition and financial inclusion in the financial sector, while also reviewing risks related to financial customer protection, money laundering and financial stability.”

Similar to the Internet

Gigaba went on to state that fintech is still in its early stages and with that there is a lot of excitement and volatility, much like the Internet when it first started to take off.

Thus, the government is looking to find the balance in these turbulent times between innovation and protection of customers.

The finance minister sees the strongest of the digital currencies that withstand the early volatility of this boom co existing alongside fiat currency.

Boom

Of course, there has been a lot more excitement for governments and companies in the underlying Blockchain technology, as it has many applications, and is not a disruptive force like digital currency.

He concluded:

“The underlying Blockchain technology also has a lot of potential to be used for purposes other than creating cryptocurrency. Blockchain technology is a cheap, effective and increasingly safe way to do transactions as well as to transfer money from one person or institution to another.”


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