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新加坡继美国之后对ICO监管表态

继美国证券交易委员会(SEC)之后,新加坡的金融监管机构也表达了对DAO和ICO进行监管的态度。

新加坡金融管理局(MAS)在星期二发布通知表示,如果数字代币“构成根据《证券和期货条例》第289章(下称SFA)监管的产品”,则此数字代币的提供或发行将由MAS监管。

从这则通知还可以看出,“新加坡和其他地方提供的数字代币类型差异很大。”

“有些ICO可能会受到SFA条例的约束,而有些可能不会。因此,数字代币的所有发行人,为数字代币发行进行推广和询价的中介机构,以及促进数字代币交易的平台,都应寻求独立的法律咨询,以确保其符合所有适用的法律,必要时还应咨询MAS。”

新加坡采取的方案大体上效仿美国,美国证券交易委员会也表示会使用逐案评估方法,为美国消费者提供对新发行数字代币的资质认定。

MAS规则也指出:“此外,促进数字代币二级交易的平台也必须经由MAS批准,才能成为授权交易所或授权市场运营商。”

Cointelegraph在新加坡举办2017年区块秀亚洲展览会(Blockshow Asia 2017),其事件总裁Addy Crezee在会上表示,SEC监管声明一经发布就引起热议。

然而,他指出:

“这个声明本身并没有揭示任何新的东西,就像以前一样,他们将继续考虑ICO逐案评估;承做ICO项目的公司必须诚实、直接地与投资者打交道,不允许欺诈,特别是对美国和新加坡的公民。对于诚实且有想法的人而言,并没有改变什么。只是新加坡不能保持沉默,因为他们已经采取了许多措施来实施区块链技术,当然,他们仍在探索市场。“

尽管没有引起意想不到的注意,但人们对这则声明仍然存在争议。律师Marco Santori表示,这意味着新加坡不是许多人想的那样,会以自由主义开放创新环境。

“原来新加坡并非“虚拟天堂”。瑞士也将紧随其后?”

——Marco Santori(@msantoriESQ)2017年8月1日

对于推动区块链应用等领域的发展,MAS一向采取积极的、前瞻性的态度,并经常与国际项目合作,提升对核心概念的认识和理解。

 

Singapore’s financial regulator has joined the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in clarifying its stance on DAO and ICO tokens.

In a circular issued Tuesday, the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) stated tokens would fall under its jurisdiction if they “constitute products regulated under the Securities and Futures Act.”

“The types of digital tokens offered in Singapore and elsewhere vary widely,” the note finds.

“Some offers may be subject to the SFA while others may not be. All issuers of digital tokens, intermediaries facilitating or advising on an offer of digital tokens and platforms facilitating trading in digital tokens should, therefore, seek independent legal advice to ensure they comply with all applicable laws and consult MAS where appropriate.”

The tone taken in Singapore broadly echoes that in the US, with the SEC also stating it would use a case-by-case method of assessing the identity of a newly-issued token offered for US consumers.

“In addition, platforms facilitating secondary trading of such tokens would also have to be approved or recognized by MAS as an approved exchange or recognised market operator respectively under the SFA,” the MAS’ rules continue.

Addy Crezee, CEO at Cointelegraph Events, organizing BlockShow Asia 2017 powered by Cointelegraph in Singapore, says that after the SEC statement had been published, a lot of discussions arose.

However, he notes:

“The statement itself does not reveal anything new: just like before it, they will continue to consider ICOs case by case; and companies running ICO campaigns will have to be honest and straight in dealings with their investors and should not deceive anyone, especially citizens of the United States and Singapore. For honest people with good ideas, nothing has really changed. It’s just that Singapore can not remain silent as they have already taken many steps to implement Blockchain technology and, of course, they are exploring the market.”

While not striking an unexpected note, reactions to the clarification were mixed, with attorney Marco Santori suggesting it meant Singapore was not as liberal an environment for innovative offerings as many thought.

MAS has taken a proactive stance to advances in areas such as Blockchain applications, partnering on international schemes to increase awareness and understanding of core concepts.


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