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韩国比特币监管法案面世,5亿韩元成市场准入门槛

比特币监管法案

上周,韩国民主党党员兼立法委员Park Yong-jin宣布,他已就《电子金融交易法案》提出修正案意见。其主要目标是为数字货币创造监管框架,以此来“维持健康的市场秩序,并且起到保护用户的作用”。某当地媒体称这项修正案为《比特币监管法案》。

他早在7月份就宣布了这项法案的推出。据报道,这个《比特币监管法案》预计会在9月份的国会例会中进行讨论,可能会引发一场激励的辩论。

定义和分类

在这项修正案中,虚拟货币被定义为“一种交易工具或者一种电子保值品”。法案还将虚拟货币和“真实”货币区分开来。另外,其中还对数字货币操作者进行了分类,共分为五种:

  1. 虚拟货币贸易商——通过出售商品或服务换取数字货币。
  2. 虚拟货币交易商——通过操作市场来出售虚拟货币,比如说交易所。
  3. 虚拟货币经纪商——安排数字货币出售或者在数字货币出售中起到中介作用。
  4. 虚拟货币发行者——提供系统来创建及发行数字货币。
  5. 虚拟货币管理者——为他人存储或管理数字货币。

要求以及违禁活动

修正案要求所有的数字货币操作者“持有5亿韩元(约为300万人民币)或以上的资金,并且要通过金融监督委员会的授权”。

另外,法案还要求用户资金必须存放在另一个独立的机构,并且购买保险或者有付款担保,这样做的目的也是为了保护消费者利益。

该法案还禁止了几种与数字货币相关的活动,比如说通过直接上门以及传销的形式出售数字货币。另外,市场价格操纵以及洗钱等涉及数字货币的非法行为也被明令禁止。一旦违反了相关规定就会面临最高五年时间的监禁或者罚款5000万韩元的惩罚。

‘Bitcoin Regulation Act’ Introduced

Korean Democratic Party lawmaker Park Yong-jin announced last week that he has introduced an amendment for the Electronic Financial Transaction Act. Its main purpose is to create a regulatory framework for digital currencies in order to “maintain healthy market order and protect users,” Inews24 reported. Business Korea calls this amendment the “Bitcoin Regulation Act.”

“As interests in virtual currencies such as bitcoin and ethereum have soared,” Park said “there is no clear definition of virtual currencies or restrictions on those who can sell virtual currencies.” He first announced that he would introduce this legislation back in July. Business Korea wrote:

The Bitcoin Regulation Act is scheduled for a regular session of the National Assembly in September with a growing debate foreseen.

Definitions and Classifications

In this amendment, virtual currency is defined as “an instrument of exchange or an electronic store of value,” reported Inews24. It also distinguishes virtual currency from “real” currency. The amendment proposes five classifications of digital currency handlers with the following definitions.

  1. “Virtual currency traders” – those selling goods or services in exchange for digital currency.
  2. “Virtual currency dealers” – those operating a market for the sale of virtual currencies such as exchanges.
  3. “Virtual currency brokers” – those intermediating or arranging the sale of digital currency.
  4. “Virtual currency issuers” – those offering systems to create and issue digital currencies, and
  5. “Virtual currency managers” – those storing or managing digital currencies for others.

Requirements and Prohibited Activities

The revised legislation requires all digital currency handlers “to have 500 million won or more in capital and receive approval from the Financial Supervisory Commission,” detailed Business Korea.

The amendment also mandates customer funds be deposited at a separate institution with insurance, or some form of payment guarantee in order to protect customers, the publication added.

The legislation prohibits several specific digital currency-related activities such as their sale and brokering through door-to-door and multi-level marketing schemes. It also strictly prohibits illegal acts involving digital currencies, such as market price manipulation and money laundering. Violations can carry a prison sentence of up to five years or a fine of up to 50 million won, Business Korea detailed.


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