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新加坡央行密切关注比特币和ICO行业发展

在近日召开的新加坡国会会议中,副总理以及新加坡金融管理局(MAS,央行)局长尚达曼(Tharman Shanmugaratnam)表示,该机构正在调查虚拟货币的应用,并且随后就会研究一个“新的支付服务监管框架”来解决洗钱以及恐怖主义融资风险。

在这场会议中,国会成员Cheng Li Hui提问:

我想问副总理的是,第一,政府是否了解比特币等加密货币在新加坡的使用或投资状况;第二,加密货币对我们的金融行业会产生什么样的影响;第三,政府是否就加密货币使用或投资存在的问题及风险进行评估;第四,未来是否必要出台监管政策。

新加坡副总理在回答这些问题时强调,加密货币在该国并不属于“法定货币”,比特币以及以太坊等加密货币是由某些社区的民众用作支付商品和服务。

另外,他表示MAS正在“监控”加密货币在新加坡的使用。他还补充道,虚拟货币并不受央行直接监管。不过,MAS正在研究监管框架,旨在解决虚拟货币交易风险。

另外,他还指出,ICO所代表的募资活动属“MAS的监管范围”。今年4月,MAS公开强调,ICO应遵守现有证券法。他说,央行未来将持续监控ICO,可能会出台监管措施。此外,新加坡央行的管理重心在于公司股票等资产,而不是虚拟货币或者数字代币。

MAS没有办法监管所有人们投资的并且自认为有价值的产品。

另外,央行还会继续就滥用数字货币的骗局所造成的风险发布公告。

Singapore’s deputy prime minister has revealed the central bank is keeping an eye on developments in cryptocurrencies and ICO fundraising, with a regulatory framework for the latter.

In response to a question in the Singaporean Parliament this week, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister in charge of the Monetary Authority of Singapore (the central bank) Tharman Shanmugaratnam said that the authority is looking into the use of virtual currencies and, subsequently, working on a “new payment services regulatory framework” to address money laundering and terrorism financing risks.

In posing the question, Member of Parliament Miss Cheng Li Hui asked:

“To ask the Prime Minister (a) whether the Government is keeping track of the use/investment of crypto currencies such as bitcoin in Singapore; (b) how do crypto currencies affect our finance industry; (c) whether studies are being conducted to assess the problems and risks of using/investing in crypto currencies; and (d) whether regulatory frameworks are necessary in the future.”

In response, Singaporean deputy prime minister Shanmugaratnam confirmed that while cryptocurrency wasn’t deemed ‘legal tender’ in the country, cryptocurrencies like “Bitcoin and Ether have been adopted by people in some communities to pay one another or to pay for goods and services.”

Further, the official confirmed the MAS “has been monitoring” the use of cryptocurrencies in Singapore.

Pointedly, he added that virtual currencies weren’t subjected to direct regulation by the central bank. However, the MAS is working on a regulatory framework for risks associated with virtual currency transactions.

The deputy prime minister stated:

Similar to most jurisdictions, MAS does not regulate virtual currencies per se. However, we regulate the activities that surround them if those activities fall within our more general ambit as financial regulator…[As an example] Virtual currencies, due to the anonymous nature of the transactions, can be exploited for money laundering and terrorism financing risks. MAS is working on a new payment services regulatory framework that will address these risks.

Further, the official added that initial coin offerings (ICOs) represent fundraising activities that “fall under MAS’ regulatory ambit.’ Although publicly stating that ICOs must comply with existing securities laws earlier in April, the Singaporean politician confirmed that the central bank will continue to monitor ICOs in the future, with the possibility of legislation.

He added:

MAS has not issued new legislation specifically for ICOs. We will continue to monitor the developments of such offers, and consider more targeted legislation of necessary.

Shanmugaratnam went on to state that the central bank’s focus lies in assets such as company shares, rather than virtual currencies or digital tokens. “MAS does not and cannot regulate all products that people put their money in thinking that they will appreciate in value,” the official concluded, whilst adding that the central bank will continue to work on publishing advisories on the risks related to scams abusing digital currencies.


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