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区块链国际资讯

迪拜计划全面落实土地信息区块链登记制度

近日,迪拜土地局(DLD)表示将成为世界上第一个采用区块链技术的政府机构。

作为阿联酋管理房地产注册和筹划的政府机构,迪拜土地局是这个领域第一个吃螃蟹的人,而且正在利用区块链处理和实施所有事务, 其最终目标是在2到3年内将迪拜所有的房地产信息都记录在区块链上。

迪拜政府新闻办公室的声明中称:

“迪拜土地局创建了一个区块链系统,系统借助安全智能的数据库记录包括租赁登记在内的所有房地产信息,并将其与迪拜水电局(DEWA)、电信系统和各种与财产相关的账单相连接。 区块链电子房地产平台覆盖个人租户数据库,后者记录有阿联酋身份证和居留签证有效性的信息,并允许租户以电子方式付款,无需签署支票或打印任何文件。 整个过程可以在几分钟内在全球的任意时间任意地点利用电子方式完成,免除了往返政府机构的必要。”

这一区块链是由迪拜土地局的下属科技机构Emirates Real Estate Solutions(简称ERES),与多方机构合作研发的,包括阿联酋身份管理局、迪拜水电局和迪拜最大房地产开发商之一的wasl资产管理集团以及阿联酋最大的银行迪拜国民银行。

该倡议是阿联酋“迪拜区块链战略”的一部分,这份战略目的是在2020年之前实现在区块链上记录和处理所有的房地产文件和交易。迪拜王储哈姆丹王子在去年九月正式宣布了这项全面的区块链计划。

根据这一倡议,迪拜土地局将为迪拜所有的房地产业创建一个区块链数据库,迪拜土地局的客户、其所有的政府部门和私营部门的合作伙伴都可以使用。该技术能够让居住在迪拜的和世界各地的投资者验证由时间戳签名支持的房地产数据,从而提高数据的准确性,投资交易的可信度以及市场的透明度和清晰度。

迪拜土地局局长梅热(Butti bin Mejren)补充道:

“尽管这一倡议还处于起步阶段,但在不久的将来,我们会看到许多合作伙伴的加入,以此改善他们的客户服务,包括银行、抵押贷款、公用事业和客户维护等。...... 我们的目标是在一个平台上整合所有的房地产和部门服务。”

据了解,迪拜正在从多个方面努力成为世界上第一个区块链城市,无论从它的航空业,还是城市支付系统甚至到由区块链技术提供支持的官方加密资产。

在世界的其他地区,日本也正在尝试利用区块链进行房地产登记,计划在2023年之前将所有房地产和土地登记统一记录,覆盖城市、农村和森林地区,其中包括2.3亿多块土地和5000万座建筑物。部分城市将从2018年夏天开始试点。

 

The Dubai Land Department (DLD) has laid claim to “becoming the world’s first government entity to adopt Blockchain technology.”

In a first-of-its-kind in the global real estate sector, the Dubai Land Department – the government arm responsible for the registration and organization of real estate in the emirate – is now processing and implementing all transactions on a blockchain. The ultimate goal will see all Dubai properties recorded on a blockchain within 2-3 years.

An announcement by the Dubai government’s media office read:

DLD has created the blockchain system using a smart and secure database that records all real estate contracts, including lease registrations, and links them with the Dubai Electricity & water Authority (DEWA), the telecommunications system and various property related bills. Blockchain’s secure, electronic real estate platform incorporates personal tenant databases, including Emirates Identity Cards and the validity of residency visas, and allows tenants to make payments electronically without the need to write cheques or print any papers. The entire process can be completed electronically within a few minutes at any time and from anywhere in the world, removing the need to visit any government entity.

The blockchain is developed the Emirates Real Estate Solutions (ERES), the DLD’s technical arm, in collaboration with a number of other partners including the Emirates Identity Authority, DEWA, wasl Asset Management Group – one of Dubai’s largest real estate developers and Emirates NBD, the emirate’s largest bank.

The initiative is a part of the emirate’s wider ‘Dubai Blockchain Strategy’, which aims to record and process 100% of all documents and transactions on a blockchain by the year 2020. The sweeping blockchain mandate was announced by Hamdan bin Mohammed, the crown prince of Dubai, in October 2016.

‘Based on this initiative, DLD will be able to create a Blockchain database for all Dubai properties, which will be available to DLD’s customers as well as all of its government and private sector partners,’ the announcement added. ‘The technology will allow investors residing in Dubai and around the world to verify property data that is backed by timestamp signatures, enhancing the accuracy of data, the credibility of investment transactions, and the transparency and clarity of the market.’

DLD director general Butti bin Mejren added:

This initiative is still in a stage of infancy. In the near future, we will see many partners joining [the] Blockchain to improve their client services, including banking, mortgages, and utilities and maintenance operations…Our aim is to unite all real estate and department services on a single platform.

Dubai’s dogged drive in becoming the world’s first blockchain city is gathering pace with everything from its airport, to a citywide payments system and even an official state cryptocurrency powered by blockchain technology.

Elsewhere, Japan could also place its entire property registry on a blockchain by unifying all property and land registries across urban, farmland and forested areas – including some 230 million plots and 50 million buildings – by the year 2023. An urban trail in select cities will begin in summer 2018.


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