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乌克兰新法案将比特币视作金融资产,鼓励挖矿

两项法案提交议会

据报道,两项为比特币等加密资产提供法律框架的法案已经被提交至乌克兰议会。其中,第一项最新法案提出将加密资产认定为金融资产。

政府在自己发布的报道中写道:

“根据法案,加密资产交易由国家机构负责监控,交易商需要获得进行交易的许可证,并有权为乌克兰的公民和非居民开立加密资产的帐户。”

税务及其他条款

按照Financial Club的说法,第二条法律草案提出降低挖矿电价和简化税收,以刺激挖矿和加密资产的成交量。Rybalka进一步建议不对加密资产进行税收评估,但加密资产在兑换格里夫纳(乌克兰货币单位)时需交纳2%的费用。

此外,该法案建议国家金融服务委员会作为加密资产的主要监管机构。在第一个法案中,提出由乌克兰国家银行(NBU)监管加密资产市场。

乌克兰比特币基金会负责人Orlovsky Maxim表示,虽然第二个法案包含对加密资产衍生产品的定义,但两个法案都没有关于ICO的内容。另外,第一条法律草案没有提及针对加密资产操作的反洗钱和KYC(了解你的客户)程序,而第二条法案提出这些由中央财务监管机构负责,将其作为发放许可证的要求。

加密资产不会被禁止

尽管乌克兰还没有关于加密资产的监管框架,但法律并不禁止包括比特币在内的加密资产。乌克兰财政部长Oleksandr Danylyuk周一表示,该国财政部正在与乌克兰国家银行和其他金融监管机构合作,制定加密资产的相关规则。

 

Two bills to provide legal frameworks for cryptocurrencies including bitcoin have now been submitted to the Ukrainian parliament. The latest one proposes recognizing them as financial assets. It also defines cryptocurrency derivatives, as well as proposes simplifying taxation and reducing electricity tariffs for mining activities.

Two Bills Submitted to Parliament

Following the first bill on cryptocurrency which was submitted on October 6, the second bill has been submitted to the Ukrainian parliament. Entitled “On the stimulation of the market of cryptocurrencies and their derivatives in Ukraine,” Bill No. 7183-1 was submitted last week.

In the new bill, the head of the Parliamentary Committee on Financial Policy and Banking, Serhiy Rybalka, proposes to recognize cryptocurrency as a “financial asset,” The Financial Club reported. “It makes no sense to reinvent the wheel and invent new rules for it. The most effective model is the adaptation of cryptocurrencies to the already existing legislation,” the publication quoted him saying. “That is why we propose to recognize cryptocurrency as a financial asset.”

Ain publication elaborated:

According to this document, state bodies are responsible for monitoring cryptocurrency exchanges. Cryptocurrency exchanges will be required to obtain a license for their activities. They have the right to open accounts in cryptocurrency both for citizens of Ukraine and for non-residents.

Taxation and Other Terms

The second draft law also calls for “reduced tariffs for electricity and the simplest taxation” in order to “stimulate the ‘extraction’ and turnover of cryptocurrencies,” The Financial Club detailed. Rybalka further “proposes not to tax cryptocurrency investments,” the publication added, noting that the bill proposes a 2% fee when cryptocurrencies are exchanged for hryvnia.

In addition, the bill calls for the National Financial Services Commission to be the primary regulator of cryptocurrencies. In the first bill, it was proposed for the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) to act as the regulator of the crypto market.

While the second bill contains the definition of cryptocurrency derivatives, neither bill contains references to initial coin offerings (ICOs), explained Orlovsky Maxim, Head of Bitcoin Foundation Ukraine. Furthermore, the first draft law does not mention AML and KYC procedures for cryptocurrency operations, while the second one suggests for them to be determined by the central financial regulator as part of their licensing requirements, he added.

Cryptocurrencies Not Prohibited

Even though there is not yet a regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies in Ukraine, cryptocurrencies including bitcoin are not prohibited by law. The Ukrainian finance minister Oleksandr Danylyuk wrote on his Facebook page on Monday that his ministry is working with the NBU and other financial regulators to formulate the right regulation for them. He wrote:

There are many open issues and in Ukraine the status of cryptography is not defined by law, but this does not mean that cryptocurrency is prohibited. Ukraine should monitor world trends and not miss a chance to use new technologies and innovations in the financial sector.


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